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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
animalia has these characteristics
multicellular
heterotrophs
eukaryotic
lack cell walls
motile
sexual reproduction
how many phyla?
9
how do you compare animals?
phylogenetic tree
level of organization
body symmetry
pattern of alimentary(nutritional) structures
level of organization
cell specialization, tissues, organs
body symmetry
assymetrical, radial symmetry, bilateral symmetry and cephalization
sponges have
channel network
cellular-phagocytosis
incomplete or dipoblastic means
1 opening
complete or tripoblastic means
2 openings
porifera means
pore-bearing
porifera digestion
intracellular
porifera motion and type of feeder
sessile, filter-feeder
porifera symmetry?
assymmetrical
porifera asexual reproduction by?
sexual?
budding, gemmules
choanocytes and amoebacytes
chaonocytes
trap food particles and bring them to base of cell
amoebacytes
intracellular digestion
make gemmules
discharge spicules
can differentiate in any cell
spicules
chemical make-up used for classification
support, protection
osculum
large hole on the end (mouth)
spongocoel
central cavity
incurrent/excurrent canals
incurrent-folds of wall opening to outside
excurrent(flagelated)-folds opening inside
water->incurrent->excurrent->spongocoel
mesenchyme
gelatinous matrix
porifera type of gut
incomplete, dipoblastic
Cnidaria means
stinging cells
Cnidaria motion, type of feeder
sessile/mobile, carnivore
Cnidaria gut
dipoblastic, incomplete
polyp motion
medusa motion
sessile
free-moving
polymorphism
one body type to another
Cnidaria reprouction
sexual/asexual
Cnidaria asexual repr.
budding/fragmentation
Cnidaria sexual repr.
sperm/egg released by medusa
Cnidaria classes
hydrozoa-hydra
scyphozoa-true jellies
anthosoa-anemones/coral
Cnidaria symmetry
radial
layers of Cnidaria
endodermis, mesoglea(gelatinous), ectodermis
cnidocytes
stinging cells
nematocysts
cnidocyte harpoons
gastorvascular cavity
extracellular digestion
___ turns into polyp
planula larva
fragmentation
pieces of anemone's basal disk tear away and form new individual
Platyhelminthes represented by
flatwormsq
Nematoda represented by
roundwormsq
Coelomates have a ___ cavity surrounded by a ___
coelomic, mesoderm
Nematoda and Platyhelminthes are both ___
tripoblastic, bileteral symmetry
hermaphroditic
both sex organs