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60 Cards in this Set

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What is a mesosome?
an infolding of the plasma membrane
What is the environment like for Prokaryotes?
Extreme
Chromosomes attached to the plasma membrane are _______.
Nucleiods
_____ are created to tolerate nutrient limitations.
Endospores
One or more smaller circular DNA molecules are known as ___.
Plasmoids
What is different about archaebacteria than any other organism?
Biochemistry, lives in extreme environments, earliest life forms
What does the cell wall of archaebacteria lack?
Pepdioglycan
What are the three types of Archaebacteria?
Thermoacidophiles, Halophies, Methanogens
Where are methanogens found?
Stagnant water, suage plants, hot springs
What are rumens?
special enlargements of the digestive tract
What do methanogens use as food? What is the result of this?
hydrogen, methane gas
What can methane gas be used for?
fuel
What type of eubacteria have a thick peptidoglycan wall without an outer lipoprotein?
Gram Positive
What type of Eubacteria have a thin peptidoglycan wall with an outer lipoprotein?
Gram Negative
What type of Eubacteria have no cell wall?
Mycoplasmas
What is a mesosome?
an infolding of the plasma membrane
What is the environment like for Prokaryotes?
Extreme
Chromosomes attached to the plasma membrane are _______.
Nucleiods
_____ are created to tolerate nutrient limitations.
Endospores
One or more smaller circular DNA molecules are known as ___.
Plasmoids
What is different about archaebacteria than any other organism?
Biochemistry, lives in extreme environments, earliest life forms
What does the cell wall of archaebacteria lack?
Pepdioglycan
What are the three types of Archaebacteria?
Thermoacidophiles, Halophies, Methanogens
Where are methanogens found?
Stagnant water, suage plants, hot springs
What are rumens?
special enlargements of the digestive tract
What do methanogens use as food? What is the result of this?
hydrogen, methane gas
What can methane gas be used for?
fuel
What type of eubacteria have a thick peptidoglycan wall without an outer lipoprotein?
Gram Positive
What type of Eubacteria have a thin peptidoglycan wall with an outer lipoprotein?
Gram Negative
What type of Eubacteria have no cell wall?
Mycoplasmas
Classification of fungi is based on their _______ ____________ _________.
Sexual Reproductive structures
What is a fungus called if no sexual reproductive structures have been discovered?
Imperfect
Lichens can survive exptemely ____ areas.
Dry
What reproductive structure seperate sac fungi from all other fungi?
Ascus
Spores that gemrinate and grow slender tubes.
Hyphae
Conjugating Fungi
fungus where positive and negative hyphae touch during sexual reproduction
Example of Club Fungi
Mushroom
What is a symbiotic pair made of?
Fungus or Algae and Cyanobacterium
Example of Symbiotic organisms.
Reindeer Moss
Where are Flagellates found?
Freshwater, Oceans, and Damp soil
Where are borwn and red algae found?
cool rocky shore
Protists can be found in the process of making ___ _____.
Ice cream
What do some protista use to move?
Cilia
what are the three classes of Bryophytes?
Ture mosses, liverworts and hornworts
Spores are released by ___?
Sporangium
Evergreens are an example of _?
Conifers
Seeds of a conifer are usually contained in a ___
cone
What are the two types of flowering plants?
Monocots and Dicots
Non Woody plants are known as _____?
Herbaceous
What is the difference between the spores on female and male pinecomes>
Females are larger than males
What is the otyledon
part of the embryo that contains two or more leaves
Give two examples of Cnidarians
Sea anemonies, jellyfish
Motile
capible of moving from place to place
Sessile
cant move. Bodies are radial symmetrical (radiate from center)
What limitations are put on animals that are sessile?
Can only eat stufff that floats, cant actively seek mates
What increases as the size of animals increase?
complexity of the animal
What three areas do animals face common problems?
Feeding, Self Maintenance, reproduction
What are the three parts of flatworms' digestive system?
mouth, digestive cavity, anus
3 Major groups of living anthropods.
Chelicerats, crustaceans, urania
What are cartilaginous fish?
sharks and rays, internal skeletons made fo cartelidge.