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97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the space between the diaphragm and the lower portion of the trunk of the body
abdominopelvic (cavity)
the taking in of substances by cells or membranes
absorption
branch of science dealing with the form and structure of body parts
anatomy
pertaining to upper or lower limbs
appendicular
the action of chemically changing absorbed substances
assimilation
pertaining to the head, neck, and trunk
axial
path of fluid through a system of vessels
circulation
breaking down of large nutrient molecules into smaller molecules that can be absorbed; hydrolysis
digestion
elimination of metabolic wastes
excretion
a state of balance in which the body's internal environment remains in the normal range
homeostasis
all chemical changes within cells considered together
metabolism
a mechanism activated by an imbalance that corrects it
negative feedback
a part of a cell that performs a specialized function
organelle
an individual living thing
organism
pertaining to the wall of a cavity
parietal
pertaining to the pericardium (heart)
pericardial
pertaining to the peritoneum (abdomen)
peritoneal
the study of body functions
physiology
pertaining to pleura or membranes surrounding the lungs
pleural
offspring formation
reproduction
cellular process that releases energy from nutrients; breathing
respiration
pertaining to the chest
thoracic
pertaining to the contents of a body cavity (or the covering of)
visceral
what is a membrane really?
an organ - usually epithelial tissue on top and connective tissue under it
append-
[to hang something]
cardi-
[heart]
dors-
[back]
homeo-
[same]
-logy
[study of]
meta-
[change]
pariet-
[wall]
pelv-
[basin]
peri-
[around]
pleur-
[rib]
-stasis
[standing still]
-tomy
[cutting]
the region between the thorax and pelvis
abdominal
the point of the shoulder
acromial
the forearm
antebrachial
the space in front of the elbow
antecubital
the armpit
axillary
the arm
brachial
the cheek
buccal
the wrist
carpal
the abdomen
celiac
the head
cephalic
the neck
cervical
the ribs
costal
the hip
coxal
the leg
crural
the elbow
cubital
the finger
digital
the back
dorsal
the thigh
femoral
the forehead
frontal
the reproductive organs
genital
the buttocks
gluteal
the depressed area of the abdominal wall near the thigh (groin)
inguinal
the region of the lower back between the ribs and the pelvis (loin)
lumbar
the breast
mammary
the chin
mental
the nose
nasal
the lower posterior region of the head
occipital
the mouth
oral
the eye cavity
orbital
the ear
otic
the palm of the hand
palmar
the front of the knee
patellar
the chest
pectoral
branch of medical science dealing with the heart and heart diseases
cardiology
study of the structure, function, and abnormalities of cells
cytology
study of the skin and its diseases
dermatology
study of hormones, hormone-secreting glands, and their diseases
endocrinology
study of the factors determining the distribution and frequency of health-related conditions occurring within a defined human population
epidemiology
study of the stomach and intestines and their diseases
gastroenterology
branch of medicine dealing with older individuals and their medical problems
geriatrics
study of the aging process
gerontolgy
study of the female reproductive system and its diseases
gynecology
study of the blood and blood diseases
hematology
study of the structure and function of tissues, also called microscopic anatomy
histology
study of the body's resistance to infectious disease
immunology
study of newborns and the treatment of their disorders
neonatology
study of the structure, function, and diseases of the kidneys
nephrology
study of the nervous system and its disorders
neurology
branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy and childbirth
obstetrics
study of cancers
oncology
study of the eye and eye diseases
opthamology
branch of medicine dealing with the muscular and skeletal systems and their problems
orthopedics
study of the ear, nose, throat, and larynx, and their diseases
otolaryngology
study of structural and functional changes that disease causes
pathology
branch of medice dealing with children and their diseases
pediatrics
study of drugs and their uses in the treatment of disease
pharmacology
study of the care and treatment of feet
podiatry
branch of medicine dealing with the mind and its disorders
psychiatry
study of X rays and radioactive substances and their uses in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases
radiology
study of poisonous substances and their effects upon body parts
toxicology
branch of medicine dealing with the urinary system, apart from the kidneys (nephrology) and the male reproductive system, and their diseases
urology