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14 Cards in this Set

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Stromatolites
Thin layers of sediment pressed tightly together
Archaea
Prokaryotes, many of which that live in some of the most extreme environments on Earth
Bacteria
Prokaryotes that differ from archaea in sever features
Bacilli
Rod-shaped bacteria
Spirochetes
Sprialpshaped bacteria
Binary Fission
Simple cell division in prokaryotes
Endospores
Resting cells
Cyanobacteria
Group of bacteria that generates oxygen as a waste porduct of photosynthesis
Bioremediation
Use of organisms to remove pollutants from water, air, and soil
Pathogens
Bacter and other micro organsisms that cause disease
Lytic Cycle
A phage attaches to the host cell and injects its DNA into the host
Lysogenic Cycle
A phage injects its genes into the host, and the viral DNA adds itself directly tot he host cell's DNA
Retrovirus
Virus that reverses the usual DNA-to-RNA flow of genetic flow of information
Vaccine
Deactivated variety or small piece of a pathogen that causes the immune system to defend against the actual pathogen