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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
genotype
the sum of all genes inherited from both parents
phenotype
the physical expression of the genotype
wild type
the phenotype that is found most commonly in nature
adaptation
modifying to fit a changed environment
asexual reproduction
only one parent needed to produce offspring
binary fission
asexual reproduction that involves the splitting of a parent cell into two daughter cells
cytoplasm
cell substance between the cell membranes and the nucleus
cytosol
aqueous part of the cytoplasm
phagocytosis
engulfing of pathogens by a phagocyte
exocytosis
the transport of material cut of a cell by means of a vessicle that extrudes the material out an opening
protista
eukaryotic one celled living organism
ecological niche
the function an animal serves in an ecosystem
cuticle
covering epidermis of the arial parts of plants
natural selection
traits that better enable an organism to live in its environment
convergent evolution
similar structures in organisms of different decent
gene pool
total genetic info in the gametes of all the individuals in a population
detrivore
decomposers
predation
one organism feeding on parts or all of a second organism
elicitor
a chemical compound that brings forth
exponential growth
reflects unlimited resources, and all populations have a period of reaching their maximum reproductive capacity
logistic growth
relfects what is happening with environmental limitations
faculitative anareobe
an organism that can live with or without oxygen
carrying capacity
the maximum population of a species that can be sustained in a given geographical area over time
mutualistic relationships
both the symbiont and the host benefit
commensalisitic relationships
the symbiont benefits, and there is no obvious benefit or harm to the host
parasitic relationships
the symbiont benefits while the host is harmed
community
interacting groups of various populations of different species in a common location
interspecific (interspecies) interactions
different species coexisting
keystone species
a species who impact on the composition of a community is large, relative to its abundance within that community
abiotic factor
non living factors in an environment
biotic factor
living factor in an environment
biome
major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms of plants life and the prevailing climate
ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community or organisms with a physical environment
dentition
the type, size, and number of an animals teeth
carnivore
(secondary) meat eating
herbivore
(primary) plant eating
ex of mutualisitc
legume plant,lichens, corals
ex of commensalism
epiphytes
ex of parasitism
chinese liver fluke, tapeworm