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40 Cards in this Set

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Define Embryology
The branch of biology that deals with the formation, early growth, and development of living organisms
What is zygote?
This is considered the first stage of embyonic development and results from the union of male and female gametes. The fertalized egg that results is reffered to as the zygote.
Do Lamphreys lack Jaws?
Lampreys don't have jaws.
What is a marsupial?
any mammal of the order Marsupialia, in which the young are born in an immature state and continue development in the marsupium. The order occurs mainly in Australia and South and Central America and includes the opossums, bandicoots, koala, wombats, and kangaroos
Which mammal lays eggs?
Platipus
What are the five characteristics of Chordata?
-Notochord present at some developmental stage
-dorsal hollow nerve chord
- Pharynx with slits(sometimes called "gill slits")
-pharynx with endostyle or it's derivative the thyroid gland
-short postanal tail
Flexion
Bending movement that decreases the angle between two parts. Bending the elbow, or clenching a hand into a fist, are examples of flexion. When sitting down, the knees are flexed. Flexion of the hip or shoulder moves the limb forward (towards the anterior side of the body)
Ectotherm
refers to organisms that control body temperature through external means. As a result, organisms are dependent on environmental heat sources[1] and have relatively low metabolic rates
Abduction
A motion that pulls a structure or part away from the midline of the body (or, in the case of fingers and toes, spreading the digits apart, away from the centerline of the hand or foot). Abduction of the wrist is called radial deviation. Raising the arms laterally, to the sides, is an example of abduction.
extension
The opposite of flexion; a straightening movement that increases the angle between body parts. In a conventional handshake, the fingers are fully extended. When standing up, the knees are extended. Extension of the hip or shoulder moves the limb backward (towards the posterior side of the body).
adduction
A motion that pulls a structure or part towards the midline of the body, or towards the midline of a limb. Dropping the arms to the sides, or bringing the knees together, are examples of adduction. In the case of the fingers or toes, adduction is closing the digits together. Adduction of the wrist is called ulnar deviation
endotherm
"within-heating" describes a process or reaction that absorbs energy in the form of heat.
What can amphibians breathe through?
Gils, skin and lungs.
What animal is capable of true flight?
bat
Which class of vertebrates have fur or hair?
birds and mammals
What is tissue?
Tissue is a cellular organizational level intermediate between cells and a complete organism. Hence, a tissue is an ensemble of cells, not necessarily identical, but from the same origin, that together carry out a specific function
What are homologous appendages?
"appendage" is a general term that covers any of the homologous body parts that may extend from a body segment. These include antennae, mouthparts (including mandibles, maxillae and maxillipeds), wings, elytra, gills, walking legs (pereiopods), swimming legs (pleopods), sexual organs (gonopods), and parts of the tail (uropods). Typically, each body segment carries one pair of appendages
Define viviparous
bringing forth living young rather than eggs, as most mammals and some reptiles and fishes.
What is a monotreme?
Mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young.
What is an example of a monotreme?
Platypus
True or false? Urochordates and cephalochordates are vertabrates?
True
Give a function of the frogs circulatory system
regulate heat
Name the class for Bird
Aves
Name the class for fish
Pisces
Name the class for lizard
Reptilia
Name the class for shark
Chondrichthyes
Name the class for bat
Mammalia
Name the class for alligator
reptilia
what class for turtles
reptilia
What class for mice
mammals
what class for frog
Amphibia
Name a limbless Amphibian
Shark
What class do dinosaurs belong
reptilia
Give the taxonomic breakdown for a bullfrog
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
Species: R. catesbeiana
give the genus and species for the bull frog
Genus: Rana
Species: R. catesbeiana
Give the genus and species for the tree frog
Genus: Hyla
Species: Hyla regilla
Give the genus and species for the clawed frog
Genus: Xenopus

Species: laevis, borealis etc.
What are the 3 suphyla of chordata
urochordata, cephalochordota, and craniata
two glands found in frogs skin
mucous and seromucous glands
Name the stages of embryonic development
Unfertalized egg
zygote
2 celled
4 celled
16 celled
32 cell stage morula
early blastula
late blastula
early gastrula
late gastrula
organ formation