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23 Cards in this Set

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Chapter 7

Microtubules

CV
Hollow tubes ofprotein, maintain cell shape, serve as tracks of which organelles are moved.
Chapter 7

Organelles

CV
Specialized structures in eukaryotes that perform cellular functions.
Chapter 7

Cell Theory

CV
Discoveries on cells of all biologists are summarized in the cell theory.
Chapter 7

Endoplasmic Reticulum

CV
Organelle in which the components of the cell membrane are assembled and some proteins are modified.
Chapter 7

Chromatin

CV
Granular material visible within the nucleus.
Chapter 7

Nuclear Envelope

CV
Double membrane layer that surrounds the nucleus.
Chapter 7

Microfilaments

CV
Long, thin fibers that function in the movement and support of the cell.
Chapter 7

Eukaryotes

CV
Contain nuclei, cell membrain, cytoplamsm, and specialized structures known as organelles.
Chapter 7

Chromosomes

CV
When cell divides, chromatin condenses to form chromosomes.
Chapter 7

Cell Membrane

CV
Thin, flexible barrier around the cell.
Chapter 7

Mitochondria

CV
Use energy from food to make high-energy compounds that the cell can use to power growth, development, and movement.
Chapter 7

Chloroplasts

CV
Use energy from sunlight to make food. (photosynthesis)
Chapter 7

Vacuoles

CV
Saclike structures for storage of nutrients.
Chapter 7

Lysosomes

CV
Small organelles filled with enzymes.
Chapter 7

Golgi Apparatus

CV
Proteins produced by the rough endopasmic reticulum into a stack of membranes.
Chapter 7

Cytoplasm

CV
Material inside the cell membrane, not including the nucleus.
Chapter 7

Prokaryotes

CV
Cells that have cell membranes and cytoplasm but do not contain nuclei.
Chapter 7

Nucleus

CV
Large structure that contains the cell's genetic material and controls the cell's activities.
Chapter 7

Cell Wall

CV
Strong layer around the cell membrane.
Chapter 7

Cell

CV
A cell is the basic unit of all forms of life.
Chapter 7

Ribosomes

CV
Where proteins are assembled in the cell.
Chapter 7

Nucleolus

CV
Small, dense region where ribosomes are produced.
Chapter 7

Cytoskeleton

CV
Network of protein filaments that helps the cell maintain its shape.