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15 Cards in this Set

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PH scale
It allows us to quantify how acidic or basic compounds are.
What is an acid?
Is any substance that yields hydrogen Ions whne put in a solution.
What is a base?
Any substance that accepts hydrogen Ions in solution.
Specific heat
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of a substance by 1 degree celsius
Hydrophilic
Compounds that WILL interact with water (ex: sodium chloride)
Hydrophobic
Compounds that DO NOT interact with water.
Alkaline
A solution that is basic
Polymer (ex: starch)
A large molecule made up of many similar or identical subunits.
Monomer (ex: glucose)
A small molecule that can be combined with other similar or identical molecules to make a polymer.
Carbohydrates
Organic molecules that always contain carbon, oxygen, & hydro.
Starch
a complex carbohydrate found in plants that exist in foods. (ex: rice,corn, potatoes)
Cellulose
Complex carbohydrate contained in the cell walls of many organism.
Chitin
A complex carbohydrate that forms the external skeleton of the arthropods.
Triglyceride
a lipid molecule formed from 3 fatty acids bonded to glycerol.
Glycoproteins
Are combination of proteins and carbohydrates