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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
communication
transmission & reception of behavior signals that result in behavior changes in another animal
pheronomes
scent emission
behavior
visible movement, sound, or scent secretion or innate
proximate cause
how, immediate
ultimate cause
why, evolutionary
innate
relatively fixed, independent of environmental stimuli, genetic immediate cause
fixed action pattern
type of innate behavior, triggered by sign stimulus
reflex
innate behavior
habituation
loss of unresponsiveness to repeated stimuli that aren't related to danger
associate learning
one event tends to occur along with another event, one action leads to specific consequence
operant conditioning
animals associate specific behavior with certain outcome
navigation
animal be able to detect its present location compared to others as welll as sense compass direction
social behavior
any interaction between 2 animals relating to courtship, reproduction, or foraging
cooperative foraging behavior
packs of dog and lion prides-large prey killed & shared based upon dominance hierarchy
competitive foraging
fittest animals obtain most food, are healthier & survive to produce more offspring
territoriality
protecting exclusive right to feed, mate, and rear young in region large enough to support animal group
altruistic behavior
helps group but may harm individual
halmilton's rule
cost < coefficient of relatedness x benefit
reciprocal altruism
altruistic behavior exhibited toward non-relatives
polygamy
female takes main role in rearing young
polygynous
one male & many females
polyandrous
1 female & many males
sexual dimorphism
very big males
sign stimulus
external sensory stimulus that leads to FAP
signal
behavior that causes change in behavior of another animal
learning
change in behavior from experience
ethology
study of animal behavior in natural conditions
imprinting
type of learned behavior w/important innate component acquired during limited critical period
kinesis
change in activity or turning rate in response to stimulus
taxis
movement toward/away from stimulus
cognition
ability of animal's nervous system to perceive, store, process, and use info obtained by its sensory receptors
spatial learning
modification of behavior based on experience w/spatial structure of environment, location or food
landmark
location indicator
cognitive maps
internal representation of spatial relationships b/t objects in animal's surroundings
classical conditioning
arbitary stimulus associated w/reward or punishment
foraging behavior
recognizing, searching for, capturing and consuming food
optimal foraging theory
foraging behavior is compromise b/t benefits of nutrition and costs of obtaining food
promiscuous
no strong pairbonds or lasting relationships
monogamous
1 male w/1 female
kin selection
natural selection that favors altruistic behavior by enhancing reproductive success of relatives
inclusive fitness
total effect on individual has on spreading its genes by producing own offspring & by providing aid that enables other close relatives to increase production of offspring
social learning
learning through observing others