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14 Cards in this Set

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Ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and their environment
biosphere
contains the combined portions of the planet in which all of life lives
species
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can breed
population
a group of individuals that belong to the same species
community
different populations that live together in a defined area
ecosystem
a collection of the organisms that live in a particular place
biome
a group of ecosystems that have the same climate and similar communities
producers
use energy from the environment to fuel the assembly of simple inorganic compounds
consumers
organisms that rely on other organisms for their energy and food supply
autotrophs
use energy from the environment to fuel the assembly of simple inorganic compounds
photosynthesis
to harness solar energy to power chemical reactions
chemosynthesis
when organisms use chemical energy to produce carbohydrates
herbivore
obtain energy by only eating plants
carnivore
obtain energy by only eating meat