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119 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
The tsunami experienced by Thailand and other places in 2004 was the result of movements in the __________ plates located far out at sea.
tectonic
Lecture 1
The distance from the Earth to the _____________ is approximately 100,000,000 miles.
Sun
Lecture 1
The Earth is orbiting the sun at ________ mph
66,000
Lecture 1
Because the Earth and Sun are so far apart, if the Sun were to suddenly go out, it would take about ________ for use to realize it.
8 minutes
Lecture 1
The Sun is composed of 25% ________ and 75% hydrogen, the latter of which is the primary energy source for the Sun.
helium
Lecture 1
The Sun is made up of 75%_______ & 25% helium.
Hydrogen
Lecture 1
The ________ theory describes how the universe was formed about 13.7 billion years ago.
Big Bang
Lecture 1
The ________ is the largest animal to have ever lived, with an estimated average length of 30 meters and weighing 150 tons
Blue Whale
Lecture 1
On average, 96-95% of the human population has _________ associated with their eye lashes.
follicle mite
Lecture 1
There are approximately ________ known species on Earth.
1.4 million
Lecture 1
Organisms are constantly ____________ to environmental changes
adjusting or adapting
Lecture 1
There are __________ billion human inhabitants on Earth
6.5
Lecture 1
__________ _________ is the universal mechanism to insure individual uniqueness.
Sexual reproduction
Lecture 1
__________ sets human apart from other organisms.
Intelligence
Lecture 1
This class is designed to help you discover your place in the _____________ as a unique intelligent organism
universe
Lecture 1
The ______ ________ is the largest animal ever, weighing 150 tons and is over 100ft in length.
blue whale
Lecture 1
________ have the biggest and most complex brain in the biological world.
Humans
Lecture 1
The famous equation E = mc2 was developed by ___________________.
Albert Einstein
Lecture 2
Based on the equation E = mc2, a tiny change in __________ can result in an enormous production of energy.
mass
Lecture 2
Current data suggest that 2 in 3 Americans is either __________ or ____________.
Obese, Overweight
Lecture 2
The BMI represents ___________ __________ ____________.
Body Mass Index
Lecture 2
The BMI evaluates your ___________ in relation to your _________.
weight, height
Lecture 2
If your BMI is greater than 30 you would be considered _____________
obese
Lecture 2
If your BMI is between _______ & ________you would be considered overweight.
25, 29
Lecture 2
A calorie is the amount of released heat to raise 1 kg of water by _________.
1*C
Lecture 2
If you eat an extra 30-40 calories a day, you would be estimated to gain _____ pound(s) every year.
one
Lecture 2
The Tour de France is a bicycle race where the riders may burn up to 8,000 _________ per day.
calories
Lecture 2
The equation for photosynthesis begins with carbon dioxide, sunlight, and water, to form, glucose, ___________, and water.
oxygen
Lecture 2
During photosynthesis, solar energy is utilized to make ____________ energy which can be used by the plant.
chemical
Lecture 2
Plants have the unique ability to convert ________ energy into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis.
solar
Lecture 2
Water, CO2, and ___________ give rise to the diversity on Earth.
sunlight
Lecture 2
_________ is a device used to measure food energy.
Calorimeter
Lecture 2
_________ is the process of converting solar energy into chemical energy.
photosynthesis
Lecture 2
The source of hydrogen needed for photosynthesis comes from___________
water
Lecture 2
Obesity can result in a number of diseases such as heart disease, ___________, high cholesterol, osteoarthritis ___________ and ___________
diabetes, stroke, cancer
Lecture 2
Plants compete for _______ by growing over one another.
light
Lecture 2
Water is transported from the roots to the leaves of a plant by cells called _______________.
xylem
Lecture 2
Plants are attacked by a whole variety of plant eating animals because the animals want the plants __________ made through photosynthesis.
energy or glucose
Lecture 2
The splitting of uranium atoms, as used in the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, is referred to as nuclear _____________.
fussion
Lecture 2
Nuclear power comes from the process known as nuclear __________
fussion
Lecture 2
Average resting heart rate is _________ beats per minute.
70
Lecture 3
The Heart and Lungs in a human are responsible for bringing in massive amounts of _______, a gas which is responsible for energy production.
Oxygen
Lecture 3
Your body contains about 60,000 miles of __________, which transport blood to all your tissues.
blood vessels
Lecture 3
The energy process by which humans give off carbon dioxide and water as a byproduct is called ____________.
respiration
Lecture 3
In ____________, ATP production is very low and there is a buildup of lactic acid as a byproduct.
Anaerobic respiration
Lecture 3
In aerobic respiration ________ is broken down in to water and _________.
glucose, CO2
Lecture 3
__________ is required for aerobic respiration.
oxygen
Lecture 3
In anaerobic respiration glucose is broken down into __________ _________
lactic acid
Lecture 3
In the Nazi gas chambers, __________ was used to cause death as this gas which blocks the enzyme that transfers hydrogen to oxygen.
Hydrogen cyanide
Lecture 3
Hydrogen cyanide inhibits ________ _________ by blocking the enzyme that transfers hydrogen to oxygen.
aerobic respiration
Lecture 3
__________ displaces oxygen from hemoglobin due to 200x higher binding affinity, which causes death.
Carbon monoxide
Lecture 3
When you eat food, your body utilizes the __________ within it to make carbon dioxide and water.
glucose
Lecture 3
The formation of water is a violent chemical reaction that releases_________
energy
Lecture 3
Oxygen that is taken into our lungs passes through thin walls of _________ and is then absorbed into our red blood cells.
alveoli
Lecture 3
In physical exercise ________ provides the chemical energy to power muscle contractions
ATP
Lecture 3
Enzymes accelerate chemical reactions but remain __________ themselves.
unchanged
Lecture 3
_________ are proteins that facilitate biochemical reactions.
Enzymes
Lecture 3
Hydrogen powered cars are considered clean as the end product of the reaction is ________ .
water
Lecture 3
Your body is only a temporary home for hydrogen, oxygen, and _________ atoms
carbon
Lecture 3
The French scientist, Antoine Laviosier, developed the Law of ________________to describe the fact that matter cannot be created nor destroyed.
Conservation of Matter
Lecture 3
Men who live in Columbia Missouri experienced low sperm count because of chemical used in farming found within their household ___________.
drinking water
Lecture 3
The _________ temperate is the temperate of your internal organs.
Body core
Lecture 4
If you become too hot, your body can lower your temperature by either _____ or_______
Radiation, Perspiration
Lecture 4
When your temperature rises above normal, your body experiences a condition called ______.
Hyperthermia
Lecture 4
With an average temperature of -81°F, the planet ________ may have once had vast amounts of water.
Mars
Lecture 4
The large amount of ________ in the atmosphere of Venus probably explains the incredibly high temperatures on that planet.
carbon dioxide
Lecture 4
The seasons on Earth are a result of the ______ of the axis.
tilt
Lecture 4
The _______ is the portion of the Earth measured from the iron core, to the mantle.
Lithosphere
Lecture 4
The Earth has an average temperature of __________°F
59°F
Lecture 4
Even though Venus is twice as far from the sun than Mercury, its surface temperature __________ than Mercury and is mostly likely the result of ____________ trapped in its atmosphere.
higher, CO2
Lecture 4
_____ is made from weathered particles from Earth’s crust and organic material.
Soil
Lecture 4
The Earth’s ________ contains all of the water on the planet, of which the vast majority is in the form of _________.
Hydrosphere, Salt water
Lecture 4
The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere on Earth is maintained by the __________, which absorbs it through photosynthesis but produces it as a result of respiration.
biosphere
Lecture 4
Comprising up to 60% of all greenhouse gas, _______ is a also found in liquid form.
water vapor
Lecture 4
As seen in the video, the drying of Lake Chad in Africa could have serious implications for an increase in asthma and coral diseases in the Caribbean. This effect is most likely due to the increase in ______ which is moved around by the Atlantic Oscillation.
dust
Lecture 4
The _______ greenhouse effect is most associated with human actions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and which may be causing changes in Earth’s climate.
anthropogenic
Lecture 4
Earth’s seasons are due to the _________° tilt of it’s axis in relation to the sun.
23.5
Lecture 4
The ________ extends from the crust to the upper most layer of the mantle.
Lithosphere
Lecture 4
The hydrosphere consists of all the _________ found on Earth.
water
Lecture 4
The ocean accounts for ____________ of Earth’s water
97.25%
Lecture 4
If the Earth were ___________ miles closer to the sun most water would exist in gaseous form.
1 million
Lecture 4
The atmosphere of Earth consists of ____________ nitrogen and 21% _________.
78%, oxygen
Lecture 4
Tiny amounts of water vapor and _____________ contribute to the greenhouse effect on Earth
CO2
Lecture 4
The ______ hypothesis states that the extinction of the dinosaurs was facilitated by an large _______ hitting Earth.
Alvarez, asteroid
Lecture 5
A very accurate way to date living and non-living material using the predicted decay of certain elements is called __________.
radiometric dating
Lecture 5
One way that scientists have used to date the Earth’s age is by dating _________, which sometimes fall to Earth and were formed about the same time.
asteroids
Lecture 5
The element _________ is often used for dating very old objects like the Earth, because it has a half-life of over 4.5 billion years.
uranium
Lecture 5
The _______ is a part of Earth’s history when the planet was constantly bombarded with meteors and the surface was liquid rock.
magma ocean
Lecture 5
The ______ catastrophe occurred when the heavy elements sunk to the core of early Earth.
iron
Lecture 5
The magnetic field of Earth protects us against the ________ which is radiation given off by our sun.
solar wind
Lecture 5
The collision between Earth and a Mar’s sized planetoid created our ______.
moon
Lecture 5
Two sources of the water on our planet are likely from ________ and ________.
volcanoes, comets
Lecture 5
Early life on Earth is hypothesized to be similar to life surrounding _________ in the deep oceans, where energy from hydrogen sulfide is used.
hydrothermal vents
Lecture 5
The amount of oxygen in our current atmosphere is a result of billions of years of photosynthesis by ___________.
cynanobacteria
Lecture 5
If the entire sequence of Earth’s development was condensed into a 24 hour clock, _____ would have first appeared during the last 30 minutes
humans
Lecture 5
__________ _________ are small crystallized minerals found throughout Earth’s crust.
Zircon Crystals
Lecture 5
Evidence suggests that Earth and the ___________ ___________ were formed at the same time.
Solar System
Lecture 5
In radiometric dating scientists determine the amount of time required for _____ of the radioactive element to be converted into product.
1/2
Lecture 5
___________ has a ½ life of 5703 years, which makes it suitable to date ________ samples.
Carbon-14, young
Lecture 5
Earth’s liquid iron core flows and rotates gave rise to the ___________ _________, which protects us from solar winds.
magnetic field/ or electro-magnetic shield
Lecture 5
The first life on Earth lived in a very hostile environment, where bacteria survived only deep below the surface by extracting chemical energy from ______________ ____________
hydrogen sulfide
Lecture 5
The cooling of Earth’s crust occurred ____________ in earth’s formation.
Early
Lecture 5
It is hypothesized that the water in the oceans came from _________ in the form of steam and comets in the form of _________
volcanoes, ice
Lecture 5
The atmosphere on Earth reached _________ oxygen about 560million years ago
21%
Lecture 5
The technique called _____ fertilization has been used for about 30 years to assist couples who have had difficult conceiving a child on their own.
in vitro
Lecture 6
In vitro fertilization is when the ________ is fertilized outside of the ___________.
egg,uterus
Lecture 6
The _______ experiment was conducted by a graduate student in 1953 who demonstrated that the early Earth could have produced compounds, like amino acids, necessary for life.
Miller or Miller-Urey
Lecture 6
In the video we saw, Dan Brown commissioned a U2 plane to fly into near space to collect space dust. The dust he found was rich in ___________ compounds.
organic
Lecture 6
The collision of _______ with Earth has been shown to cause the formation of peptides, the chemicals which make up proteins.
comets
Lecture 6
Three basic characteristics of life include the abilities to ______, ______, and _______.
use energy, reproduce, evolve
Lecture 6
The formation of _______ , which surround all cells and act as a container for life, has been accomplished by scientists interested in the formation of early life on Earth.
membranes
Lecture 6
Once all elements in the center of a star have been utilized for energy, the star reaches the ______ barrier.
iron
Lecture 6
In order for heavy elements to be produced, a star must ______, which generates tremendous heat allowing for the formation of many of the elements found in the universe.
explode
Lecture 6
A ________ can be made by stringing together the correct sequence of nucleotides together.
gene
Lecture 6
The 3 requirements of life include energy for growth and change, to___________, & to___________
reproduce, evolve (in either blank)
Lecture 6
Stars are formed by the fusion of 3 ________ nuclei to produce carbon.
helium
Lecture 6
A star explosion, know as a ____________ __________, occurs when ________ cannot be fused further.
super nova, iron
Lecture 6
All of the hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, calcium, and iron in our body come from _________ _________ that was released by stars upon their death.
star dust
Lecture 6
Living organisms are composed of 49%___________, 24%__________, and 24% oxygen.
hydrogen, carbon
Lecture 6