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47 Cards in this Set

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CHICKEN POX
PATHOGEN: VARICELLA ZOSTER

GENOME: DBL-STRAND DNA

VEC/EPIDE
> SPREAD THROUGH CONTACT W/INFECTED PERSON
>NO CURE
>RARELY FATAL
>VACCINE AVAILABLE
Hepatitis B
HEPADNAVIRUS

DDBL-STRAND DNA

INFECTIOUS:CONTACT WITH BODY FLUIDS
1% US INFECTED
VACCINE AVAILABLE
NO CURE
CAN BE FATAL
HERPES
HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS

DDBL-STRAND DNA

FEVER BLISTER
NO CURE
EXHIBITS LATENCY
CAN BE DORMANT FOR SEVERAL YEARS
MONONUCLEOSIS
EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS

DDBL-STRAND DNA

SPREAD INFECTED SALIVA
LAST SEVERAL WEEKS
NO CURE
RARELY FATAL
SMALLPOX
VARIOLA VIRUS

DDBL-STRAND DNA

HISTORICAL KILLER
LAST CASE IN 1977
COMPLETELY IRRADICATED
AIDS
HIV

+ SINGLE-RNA (2 SEGMENTS)

DESTROYS IMMUNE DENFENSES
RESULTS IN DEATH BY INFECTION OR CANCER
OVER 42 MILLION CASES BY 2002
POLIO
ENTROVIRUS

+ SINGLE-STRAND RNA

ACUTE VIRAL INFECTION CAUSING PARALYSIS OF FATAL
VACCINE (SALK'S) AVALIABLE
YELLOW FEVER
FLAVIVIRUS

+ SINGLE-STRAND RNA

SPREAD FROM ONE ANOTHER BY MOSQUITO BITE
NOTABLE CAUSE OF DEATH DURING PANAMA CANAL CONSTR.
CAN BE FATAL IF NOT TREATED
EBOLA
FILOVIRUSES

(-) SINGLE-STRAND RNA

ACUTE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER
ATTACKS TISSUE LEADING TO MASSIVE HERMORRHAGING AND DEATH
CAN BE FATAL IF NOT TREATED
OUTBREAKS CONFIRMED IN CENTRAL AMERICA
INFLUENZA
INFLUENZA VIRUSES

(-) SINGLE-STRAND RNA

HISTORICAL KILLER IN 1918-19
ASIAN DUCKS,CHICKENS,PIGS RESERVOIRS.
THE DUCKS NOT AFFECTED BY FLU SHUFFLES ANTIGENS LEADING TO NEW FLU STRAINS
MEASLES
PARAMYXOVIRUSES

(-) SINGLE-STRAND RNA

EXTREMELY CONTAGIOUS IF CONTACT INFECTED PERSON.
VACCINE AVAILABLE.
USUALLY CONTRACTED IN CHILDHOOD.
MORE DANGEROUS TO ADULTS
SARS
CORONAVIRUS

(-) SINGLE-STRAND RNA

ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION;
CAN BE FATAL ESPECIALLY IN ELDERLY
PNEUMONIA
INFLUENZA VIRUS

(-) SINGLE-STRAND RNA

ACUTE INFECTION OF LUNGS
FATAL W/O TREATMENT
RABIES
RHABDOVIRUS

(-) SINGLE-STRAND RNA

ACUTE VIRAL ENCEPHALOMYELITIS TRANSMITTED BY BITE OF INFECTED ANIMAL.
FATAL IF UNTREATED.
ANTHRAX
BACILLUS ANTHRACIS
BOTULISM
CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM
CHLAMYDIA
CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS
CHOLERA
VIBRIO CHOLERAE
DENTAL CARIES
STEPTOCOCCUS
DIPHTHERIA
CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE
GONORRHEA
NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE
HANSEN DISEASE
(LEPROSY)
MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE
LYME DISEASE
BORRELIA BURGDORFERI
PEPTIC ULCERS
HELICOBACTRE PYLORI
PLAGUE
YERSINIA PESTIS
PNEUMONIA
STEPTOCOCCUS
MYCOPLASMA
CHLAMYDIA
TUBERCULOSIS
MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS
TYPHOID FEVER
SALMONELLA TYPHI
TYPHUS
RICKETTSIA TYPHI
CELL TYPE
PROKARYOTIC

EUKARYOTIC
NUCLEAR ENVELOPE
PROK: ABSENT

EUKAR: PRESENT
TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION
PROK: OCCUR IN SAME COMPARTMENT

EUKAR: OCCUR IN DIFFERENT COMPARTMENTS
HISTONE PROTEINS ASSOCIATED WITH DNA
PROK: ABSENT

EUKAR: PRESENT
CYTOSKELETON
PROK: ABSENT

EUKAR: PRESENT
MITOCHONDRIA
PROK: ABSENT

EUKAR: PRESENT(OR ABSENT)
CHLOROPLASTS
PROK: NONE (PHOTOSYNTHETIC MEMBRANES IN SOME TYPES.

EUKAR: PRESENT (SOME FORMS)
CELL WALL
PROK: NONCELLULOSE (POLYSACCHARIDE PLUS AMINO ACIDS)

EUKAR: PRESENT IN SOME FORMS, VARIOUS TYPES.
MEANS OF GENETIC RECOMBINATION, OF PRESENT
PROK: CONJUGATION,TRANSDUCTION,TRANSFORMATION

EUKAR: FERTILIZATION AND MEIOSIS
MODE OF NUTRITION
PROK: AUTOTROPHIC (CHEMOSYNTHETIC, PHOTOSYNTHETIC) OR HETEROTROPHIC

EUKAR: PHOTOSYNTHETIC OR HETEROTROPHIC,OR COMBINATION OF BOTH.
MOTILITY
PROK: BACTERIAL FLAGELLA, GLIDING OR NONMOTILE

EUKAR: 9+2 CILIA AND FLAGELLA;AMOEBOID,CONTRACTILE FIBRILS
MULTICELLULARITY
PROK: ABSENT

EUKAR: ABSENT IN MOST FORMS
NERVOUS SYSTEM
PROK: NONE

EUKAR: PRIMITIVE MECHANISMS FOR CONDUCTING STIMULI IN SOME FORMS
FLAGELLA
PROK: SIMPLE IN STRUCTURE COMPOSED OF SINGLE FIBERS OF THE PROTEIN FLAGELLIN.
(FLAGELLA SPINS LIKE PROPELLERS)

EUKAR: FLAGELLA AND CILIA ARE COMPLEX AND HAVE A 9 + 2 STRUCTURE OF MICROTUBULES.
(FLAGELLA HAVE A WHIPLIKE MOTION)
METABOLIC DIVERSITY
PROK: MANY METABOLIC ABILITIES;(etc) DIFFERENT PATTERNS OF ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS
CHEMOAUTOTROPHIC, OXIDIZES INORGANIC COMPOUNDS FOR OBTAINING ENERGY.

EUKAR: ONLY ONE KIND OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS WHICH INVOLVES THE RELEASE OF OXYGEN.
STRUCTURE OF PROKARYOTIC CELL
CAPSULE,RIBOSOMES,DNA,CELL WALL,PILI,PLASMA MEMB, CYTOPLASM
STRUCTURE OF A BACTERIOPHAGES
ICOSAHEDRAL HEAD
CAPSID(SHEATH W 3 PROTEINS) DNA
CONNECTING NECK W/COLLAR AND LONG WHISKERS
A LONG TAIL
COMPLEX BASE PLATE
DESCRIBE THE HIV INFECTION CYCLE.
THE VIRUS DESTROYS THE (MAIN RECEPTOR FOR HIV CD4),T-HELPER CELLS AND THE CORECEPTORS CCR5/CXCR4.

ONCE INSIDE USES REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE TO SYNTHESIZE DNA OF RNA

INCORPORATES DBL STRAND DNA INTO HOST CELL'S DNA.

TRANSCRIPTION RESULTS IN RNA PRODUCING VIRAL PROTEINS.

HIV PARTICLES ASSEMBLE.