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80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
One complete heart beat is known as
cardiac cycle
what is the function of leukocyte
defends the body against disease
what is a function of mucus in respiratory tract
traps micro-organisms, dusts and other foreign particles
Which of following carries blood toward the heart?
veins
What increases the surface area for absorption in the small intestine?
villi
Longitudinal folds in the wall of the stomach that allows the stomach to expand?
rugae
Name the characteristics of the right lung?
shorter, broader, greater volume, 3 lobes
What is the appendix attached to?
cecum
What are the characteristics of erythrocytes?
biconcave disk shape, produced in red bone marrow lack a nucleus
Superior vena cava returns blood from the heart from where
Head, Neck and Upper Extremities
Which heart chamber receives deoxygenated blood from the body?
Right Atrium
What aids in the absorption of vitamin B12 from the digestive tract?
Intrinsic Factor
What causes the lubb heart sound?
Closing of the Atrioventricular Valves
Which of the following make up the lower respiratory tract?
Trachea, Bronchial tube, Lungs
What are the names of the two arteries of the aorta and supplies the heart with nutrients
Coronary Arteries
What is the name of the stem cell from which the blood cells develop?
Hemocytoblast
The respiratory center is located where?
Pons & Medulla Oblangata
What are hepatocytes?
Liver Cells
What prevents food and water from entering the trachea?
Epiglottis
What is necessary for the absorption of Vitamin B12?
Intrinsic Factor
What is necessary for red blood cell production?
Iron, Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid
What is the function of the gallbladder?
Stores bile
Name the plasma proteins?
Albumins, Globulins, Fibrinogen
What is lifespan of red blood cell?
120 days
What are characteristics of myocardium?
Forms the bulk of the heart wall, provides the force needed to eject blood from the heart,
composed of cardiac muscle tissue
What are the functions of the tongue?
Secretes digestive enzymes
Microscopic arteries are known as what?
Arterioles
What propels mucus toward the pharynx?
Cilia
What is a double layered serous membrane that encloses the lung?
Pleura
What directs food away from the nasal cavity and into the oropharynx during swallowing?
Soft palate and Uvula
What is the pointed end of the heart called?
Apex
What is the color of oxyhemoglobin?
Bright Red
What happens when there’s an increase in carbon dioxide in the blood?
The Receptors stimulates the respiratory center to increase the rate and depth of breathing
The taking in of food is known as what?
Ingestion
What is the first part of the small intestine called?
Duodenum
What antibodies are present if the patient has A positive blood?
B
What are the functions of saliva?
Cleanses the teeth, moistens and lubricates the food
Which salivary glands are located in each side of the head in front of the ears?
Parotid glands
What is the term of stoppage of bleeding?
Hemostasis
What is the process of taking in air in the lungs?
Inhalation or Inspiration
What is the name of a semifluid that results when the food is broken down in the stomach?
Chyme
What lines the paranasal sinuses?
Mucosa
What are the characteristics of SA Nodes?
Initiates impulses without neural stimulation known as pacemaker of the heart, located in the
right Atrium
What connects the tongue anteriorly to the floor of the mouth?
Frenulum Linguae
Why is the heart delayed at the AV Node?
Gives the atria time to finish contracting
What does the blood transport?
Carries Oxygen & nutrients to cells, Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen Wastes, carries hormones from
endocrine glands, regulates body temperature
What is another name for the thyroid cartilage?
Adams Apple
Which of the following makes up the digestive tract?
Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach and Intestines
The exchange of the gas between the blood and tissues cells is known as what?
Internal Respiration
What are examples of non-respiratory movements?
Sneezing, Laughing, Crying, Hiccupping, Yawning, Sighing and Coughing
What is a partition that separates the right and left atria?
Interatrial Septum
What emulsifies the fat into fat droplets?
Bile salts
Describe the location of the heart?
Posterior to the sternum, anterior to the vertebral column, rests on diaphragm, located in the
Thoracic Cavity between the two lungs
Name the condition that is caused by a lack of Vitamin B 12?
Pernicious Anemia
Name the smallest division of the bronchial tree?
Bronchioles
Name the term for the rhythmic waves of contraction that propel food particles in the digestive tract?
Peristalsis
What is the function of erythropoietin?
Stimulates erythrocyte production
Which of the following acts between the stomach and small intestine?
Pyloric Sphincter
What receives air, food and water from the oral cavity?
Oropharynx
What is the name of the valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle?
Tricuspid Valve
What makes up the vocal cords?
Two pairs of ligaments
Food is broken down into smaller particles through the mixing action of the stomach through a process known as?
Mechanical Digestion
What antigens are present with an individual with AB negative?
A & B Antigens
Which of the following is supported by 15 to 20 C shape pieces of hyaline cartilage?
Trachea
Name the pathway that the impulse takes through the ventricles?
AV bundle, bundle branches, conduction myofibrils
What consists of folds of skeletal muscles covered by a thin transparent epithelium?
Lips
What makes up the buffy coat in the blood?
White Blood Cells & Platelets
The Eustachian tube opens into where?
Nasal Pharynx
What is the name of valve located in the right ventricle at the base of the pulmonary trunk?
Pulmonary SL Valve
What are the characteristics of the diaphragm?
Dome shaped muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from abdominal cavity
What is the function of the large intestine?
Absorption of water
What is the name of the S shape part of the colon?
Sigmoid colon
What is the name of the valve located between the small and large intestine?
Ileocecal Valve
What percentage of blood makes up plasma?
55%
Another name for thrombocytes?
Platelets
How long does it take for the stomach to empty after meals?
4 -6 Hours
All of the following are accessory organs of the digestive system?
Salivary glands, Tongue and Pancreas
How much blood does a man hold?
5-6 Liters
Which of the following provides a passage way for food between the pharynx and stomach?
Esophagus
What is another name of the digestive tract?
Alimentary canal or Gastrointestinal Tract