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46 Cards in this Set

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Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Definition of Mitosis
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Division of a nucleus (haploid or diploid) to produce two new nuclei that are identical to the original.
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

List the letter codes for the 3 parts/stages of the Interphase cell cycle
(cycle that precedes Mitosis)
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

G1
S
G2
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

List (in order) the names of the 5 Stages of Mitosis
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

1) PROPHASE
2) PROMETAPHASE
3) METAPHASE
4) ANAPHASE
5) TELOPHASE
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Multiple Choice:

Another term for Mitosis
a) Cytokinesis
b) Karyocytosis
c) Karyokinesis
d) Karyotic synthesis
e) none of the above
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

c) Karyokinesis
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

List the 6 processes that occur during the PROPHASE stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

1) CHROMATIN (stretched DNA strands) condenses (collects together)
2) Nucleoli disappear
3) Nuclear envelope fragments
4) Centrioles separate to polar opposites
5) Duplicate CHROMATIDS (small sections of chromatin) become visible and create pairs around a central CENTROMERE
6) SPINDLE FIBERS (microtubules) develop from the poles and grow towards each other
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
INTERPHASE is the shortest part of the cell cycle
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

False -
INTERPHASE is the longest cycle in cell reproduction
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Define:
CHROMATIN
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Definition:
DNA that is stretched so thin (like the "Slinky") that it is "invisible" (INTERPHASE)
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Define:
CHROMATIDS
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Definition:
Shortened strands of duplicate DNA that combine to form "visible" pairs around a CENTROMERE
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
During INTERPHASE, the organelles begin to duplicate during the G1 stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True-
During INTERPHASE, the organelles begin to duplicate during the G1 stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Multiple Choice:
Kinetochores (around the centromeres) of each chromatid pair capture (gather) spindle fibers during what Stage of Mitosis

a) PROPHASE
b) METAPHASE
c) PROMETAPHASE
d) TELOPHASE
e) ANAPHASE
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS


c) PROMETAPHASE
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

List the two processes that occur during the G1 INTERPHASE cell cycle
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

1) Organelles begin to duplicate
2) Cell size increases
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

List the two processes that occur during the S INTERPHASE cell cycle
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

1) DNA duplicates
2) Some associated proteins duplicate
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

List the one process that occurs during the G2 INTERPHASE cell cycle
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

1) Proteins synthesize in preparation for Mitosis
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Define: (list 4 criteria)
OXIDATION
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Definition:
1) Loss of electrons
2) Loss of Hydrogen
3) Gain of Oxygen
4) Loss (release) of energy
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Define: (list 4 criteria)
REDUCTION
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Definition:
1) Gain of electrons
2) Gain of Hydrogen
3) Loss of Oxygen
4) Gain (storage) of energy
[a.k.a. "Good Thing"]
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

List 3 types of energy that are associated with Photosynthesis
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

1) Light (photonic energy)
2) Electrical (flow of electrons)
3) Chemical (molecular bonds)
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
Chlorophyll is necessary for photosynthesis because it traps light energy so that it can be converted into chemical energy
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True-
Chlorophyll is necessary for photosynthesis because it traps light energy so that it can be converted into chemical energy
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
Reduction is considered a "bad thing", while Oxidation is considered a "good thing"
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False -
Oxidation is "bad" because it results in a decreased energy state (released energy)
Reduction results in an increased energy state (stored energy)
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
The two processes of Photosynthesis are:
1) Light Reaction
2) Night Reaction
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
The two processes of Photosynthesis are:
1) Light Reaction
2) Dark Reaction
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
The four products of the Dark Reaction of Photosynthesis are:
1) Glucose
2) ADP
3) NADP
4) Ribulose diphosphate
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True-
The four products of the Dark Reaction of Photosynthesis are:
1) Glucose
2) ADP
3) NADP
4) Ribulose diphosphate
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
The three raw materials of the Dark Reaction of Photosynthesis are:
1) Ribonucleic acid
2) ATP
3) NADPH2
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
The three raw materials of the Dark Reaction of Photosynthesis are:
1) Ribulose diphosphate
2) ATP
3) NADPH2
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
The two products of the Light Reaction of Photosynthesis are:
1) ADP
2) NADP
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
The two products of the Light Reaction of Photosynthesis are:
1) ATP
2) NADP
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
Photosynthesis occurs in the Hypaloids of the Chloroplasts
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
Photosynthesis occurs in the Thylakoids of the Chloroplasts
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
Kinetochores of each Chromatin pair capture spindle fibers extending from pole to pole
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

False:
Kinetochores of each Chromatid pair capture spindle fibers extending from pole to pole
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
Chromatin condenses and nucleoli disappear in the Anaphase stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

False-
Chromatin condenses and nucleoli disappear in the Prophase stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
All Chromatid pairs are aligned on the equator in the Prometaphase stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

False-
Chromatid pairs are BEGINNING to migrate toward the equator in the Prometaphase stage; all Chromatid pairs are COMPLETELY aligned on the equator in the Metaphase stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
Centomeres attach to Chromatid strands to form Chromatid pairs in the Metaphase stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

False-
Centromeres attach to Chromatid strands to form Chromatid pairs in the Prophase stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
The new Chromosomes completely reach opposite poles forming new nuclei in the Telephase stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True-
The new Chromosomes completely reach opposite poles forming new nuclei in the Telephase stage
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Identify:
On Chromatid pairs, this structure captures spindle fibers
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Kinetochore
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Identify:
In which of the 3 stages of Interphase do the Organelles begin to duplicate and the cell size increases
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

G1
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Identify:
In which of the 3 stages of Interphase does the DNA duplicate (as do some associated proteins)
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

S
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Identify:
In which of the 3 stages of INTERPHASE does protein synthesis occur in preparation for Mitosis
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

G2
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

Identify:
In what part of the cell cycle is the DNA stretched so thinly that it is "invisible"
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

INTERPHASE
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
Cytogenesis is the creation of two new cells by the formation of a new membrane separating the cytoplasm
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

False-
CYTOKINESIS is the division of the cytoplasm to form two new cells
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
Cytokinesis in Plants occurs through the process of CLEAVAGE (an actin fiber that shrinks to squeeze the single cell in the center, creating two new cells)
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

False-
Cytokinesis in Animals occurs through the process of CLEAVAGE (an actin fiber that shrinks to squeeze the single cell in the center, creating two new cells)
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
CYTOKINESIS in Animals occurs through the formation of a CELL PLATE (the Golgi Apparatus gradually produces a dividing wall which becomes a separating cell wall)
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

False-
CYTOKINESIS in Plants occurs through the formation of a CELL PLATE (the Golgi Apparatus gradually produces a dividing wall which becomes a separating cell wall)
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
Karyokinesis is another term for Mitosis and means "Nucleus"(karyo) & "Division"(kinesis)
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True-
Karyokinesis is another term for Mitosis and means "Nucleus"(karyo) & "Division"(kinesis)
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

True / False:
Cytokinesis usually occurs only after Mitosis is complete
Lecture Date: MON, 7.24.06:
Subject: MITOSIS

False-
Cytokinesis usually occurs during Mitosis
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
The Dark Reaction of Photosynthesis occurs only at night
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
The Dark Reaction of Photosynthesis occurs mainly at night, but MAY OCCUR anytime (it does not NEED light)
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
ADP stands for Adenoid Diphosphate
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
ADP stands for:
Adenosine Diphosphate
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
ATP stands for:
Adenosine Triple Phosphate
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
ATP stands for:
Adenosine Triphosphate
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
CARBON FIXATION is defined as:
The attraction that Hydrogen has for Carbon atoms
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
CARBON FIXATION is defined as:
The production of Glucose
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
ATP is also officially called:
Universal Energy Bank
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
Although Mr. Kehde would prefer this term, the official term for ATP is:
Universal Energy Currency
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
The other official term for ADP is:
Universal Energy Currency
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
Universal Energy Currency is the other offical term for ATP, not ADP
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
In the process of Photosynthesis, CO2 has been changed by Reduction
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True-
In the process of Photosynthesis, CO2 has been changed by Reduction (increased energy)
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

True / False:
The Dark Reaction of Photosynthesis is also called:
The Kelvin Cycle
Lecture Date: TUE, 7.25.06:
Subject: PHOTOSYNTHESIS

False-
The Dark Reaction of Photosynthesis is also called:
The Calvin Cycle