Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

1618 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
s earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
oddity; idiosyncrasy
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
s chapel
"small church (in a prison
s chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
s padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
s ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
s ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
s rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
n eddy
"swirling current of water
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
s sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
s sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
n edify
instruct; correct morally
s edifice
building (of imposing size)
weird; causing fear because strange
rub out; remove the surface of
able to produce a desired effect; valid
s effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
s effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
having womanly traits
s emasculate
weaken; castrate
s castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
n effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
"dummy; likeness of a person made of wood
s dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
n effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
s effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
s gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
"excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic
s ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
s egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
n egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
n ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
n elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
s elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
n elegy
"poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
n elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
"evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp
n elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
s Elysium
place or condition of bliss
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
issue forth; come out
set free; liberate
ban on commerce or other activity
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
s emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
s embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
n emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
s encircle
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
"throw into confusion; involve in strife
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
n emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
n eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
salary; payment for an office; compensation
n empathy
"ability to identify with another's feelings
s compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
based on experience
n emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
n enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
territory enclosed within an alien land
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
h 17
burden; N. encumbrance
n endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
s endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
provide with some quality; endow
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
weaken; take away energy from
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
n engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
charming; attractive
s engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
cause; produce; give rise to
occupy fully; absorb
"increase; make greater (as in value
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
s puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
command; order; forbid
ill will; hatred; hostility
n ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
n enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
n ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
follow (as a result)
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
n enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
s enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
s mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
real being
study of insects
n entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
s trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
s hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
plead; ask earnestly
n entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
list; mention one by one
n enunciate
"announce; proclaim; utter or speak
especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him."
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
n eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
n epaulet(epaulette)
"ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform
s fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
short-lived; fleeting
s fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
"long heroic poem
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
s Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
n epigram
"witty thought or saying
usually short"
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
n episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
n epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
n epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
n epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
period of time
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
calmness of temperament; composure
n equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
n equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
n equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
n equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
n equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
n errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
n erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
s prank
mischievous trick
s flighty
"(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing
esp. from one lover to another; impulsive"
n eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
n esoteric
"hard to understand; known only to the chosen few
esp. initiates; N. esoterica"
n espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
respect; value; judge; N.
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
n ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
s airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
n ethnic
relating to races
n ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
n ethos
"underlying character of a culture
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
praising; full of eulogy
h 18
n eulogy
"expression of praise
often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize"
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
n euphoria
feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric
mercy killing
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
n evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
show clearly
n evenhanded
impartial; fair
"tending to call up (emotions
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
n ewe
female sheep
s ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
worsen; aggravate; embitter
s embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety
s exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
n exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
n exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
s except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
n excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
n exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
s chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
s treasure
keep as precious; cherish
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
n excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
clear from blame or guilt
n execrable
very bad; detestable
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
s executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; ¿¹¼ú ÀÛÇ°ÀÇ Á¦ÀÛÀÚ
s executioner
person administering capital punishment
s executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
s legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
s judiciary
judicial branch of government
n exegesis
especially of biblical(of the bible) passages"
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
effort; expenditure of much physical work; V. exert oneself: make a great effort
s exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car
n exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
s urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
s urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
dig out of the ground; remove from a grave
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
small in amount; minute
n existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
departure (of a large number of people)
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
drive out evil spirits
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
s intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
n expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
s outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
n expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
hasten; make go faster
s expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
make amends for (a sin)
n expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
s interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
s swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
s swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''
s oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ's sake''
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
totally clear; definite; outspoken
"brave and successful act; deed or action
particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean"
"make use of
sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation"
explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition
n expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption"
n expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
n expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
(of something written or painted) still in existence
not planned; impromptu; extempore
n extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
root up; uproot; destroy completely
n extol
praise very highly; glorify
"wring from; get money by threats
etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant"
s wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
n extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
n extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
n extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
s mingle
mix together in close association
n extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
n exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
s glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
n exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
s ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
n facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
n facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
n facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
help bring about; make less difficult
n faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
s dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
n factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
n factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
n factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
h 19
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
liable to err
s falsify
make (something written) false by changing
n fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
s sow
plant or scatter seed
n falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
s stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
imagined; unreal
n fancier
"breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest
as for raising specific plant or animal"
n fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
s fancy
imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate
n fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
n farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
n fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
s squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
n fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
s fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
n fatuous
"smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
n fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
s court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
n faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
n febrile
n fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
s fertile
"producing many young
s fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
n feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
s shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
n felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
n felicity
"happiness; appropriateness (of a remark
s feline
of a member of the cat family; N.
n fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
n fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime
n feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
n ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
s fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
n ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes
n fervent
ardent; zealous; hot
n fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
s impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
n fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat
n fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
n fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
n fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
s foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
s fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
n fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
n fiasco
total failure; CF. bottle
n fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
n fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
loyalty; accuracy
n figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
s figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
n figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
n filch
steal (things of small value)
s pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
n filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
n filibuster
block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter
s freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
s bust
"piece of sculpture showing a person's head
n filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
s lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
n filing
particle removed by a file
conclusion; concluding part
n finesse
delicate skill; V: handle with finesse
n finicky
too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food
s fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
s fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
n firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
s hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
crevice; crack
n fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
s fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
n flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
s limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
n flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
s droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
"conspicuously wicked
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
n flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
s thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
s toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
n flair
n flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
n flaunt
"display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey
if you've got it
n flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
n fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
n fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
n fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
s shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
s trickster
person who cheats people
n flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
s flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
s flutter
"(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly
n flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
h 20
n flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
s flip
"send (something) spinning
often into the air
n flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
n floe
flat mass of floating ice
plants of a region or era
s florescence
condition or period of flowering
n florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
s flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
s blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
s tinge
give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy
s tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
s flowery
full of flowers; full of ornate expressions
n flotsam
drifting wreckage
s jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
n flounder
"struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water
s thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
n flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
s curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
n fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
n fluster
confuse; make nervous and confused; N.
n fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
s groove
long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record
s stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
n flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
n fodder
"coarse food for cattle
n foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
n foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
n foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
n foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
s palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
s pass_off
present falsely; represent falsely to be
n foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
n foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
n foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
n foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
n foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
n forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
n ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
n forebears(forbears)
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
n forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
s forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
s prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
s forerunner
predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another
ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future
prevent by taking action in advance
s nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
s forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
s forge
counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated
give up; do without
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
s menace
threat; V: threaten
n forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
n forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
strong point or special talent in a person's character
n forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
s forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
bravery; courage; strength of mind
n fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
n foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
n founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
n fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
n fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
weak; N. frailty
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
n frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle
n fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
n fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
n frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
n frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
n fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
s paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
s pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
s plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
n fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
n frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
n fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
s self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
s carefree
free from worries; having no problems
n frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
s frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
n frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
s litter
waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter
n fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
n fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
n fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
n fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
n functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
s functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
basic; primary; essential
n funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
n furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
n furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
s sneak
s underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
s sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
n fusillade
"simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles
union; coalition; V. fuse
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
n gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
n gaffe
social blunder
h 21
n gainsay
n gait
manner of walking or running; speed
"large isolated system of stars
such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities"
"windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters
tears); Ex. gale of laughter"
n gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ´ãÁó(bile); CF. gall bladder
n gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
large three-masted sailing ship
s galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
s clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
s pinnace
small boat
s clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
n galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
s galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
n gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
s ploy
strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy
n gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
s romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
s zest
outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life
n gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
n gamut
entire range
n gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
n garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
s jumble
mix in a confused way
n gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
n garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
s trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
n garner
gather; store up; amass
n garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
n garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
n gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
n gaudy
flashy; showy
s flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
s gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
n gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
n gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
s bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
n gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
n gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
cause; produce; create
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
s genus
"division of animals or plants
below a family and above a species"
beginning; origin
n geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
particular variety of art or literature
n genteel
well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty
n gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
s breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
s crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
s well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
n gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
s gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
n genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
n germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
s germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
cause to sprout; sprout
s sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
s shoot
new growth from a plant
government ruled by old people
s gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
s geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
n gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
n gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
s natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
n gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
n ghastly
horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast
n gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling
n gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
n giddy
light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height
n gingerly
very carefully; ADJ.
n girth
distance around something; circumference
n gist
essence; main point; substance
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
n glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
s glare
shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.
n glaze
"cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin
n glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
s slick
make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib
s sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
n glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
s glitter
shine brightly with flashing points of light; Ex. glittering diamond ring; N: sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; Ex. glitter of the sun on the waves
s glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
n gloat
express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; Ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.
n gloss_over
explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults
s gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
brief explanation of words used in the text
n glossy
smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners
s mat
not shiny; matte; having a dull finish; N: flat piece of material used as a floor covering; V.
s finish
surface texture; completeness of execution
s finished
properly made and complete; Ex. finished product/performance
n glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
s scowl
frown angrily; N: angry frown
n glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
n glutinous
sticky; viscous; gluey
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
n gnarled
s gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
n gorge
narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)
n gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
n gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
s shudder
shake uncontrollably; tremble; V.
n gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
s sheer
pure; thin and transparent; very steep
h 22
n gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
n gouge
overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury
n gourmand
epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
n gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
"arranged by degrees (of height
s graduate
arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler
n granary
storehouse for grain
impressiveness; stateliness; majesty
s stately
formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
s high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
s matin\'ee(matinee)
dramatic or musical performance given in the afternoon
n granulate
form into grains or granules; N. granule: grain or particle
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
s vivid
(of light or color) bright and distinct; evoking lifelike mental images; Ex. vivid red hair/description
s graphite
black form of carbon used in lead pencils
n grapple
wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar
n grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
please; satisfy; Ex. gratify a desire
n gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment
seriousness; ADJ. grave
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
cause of complaint; complaint
n grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
s broil
cook by direct heat; N.
s grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
n grimace
"facial distortion to show feeling such as pain
n grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
s groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)