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15 Cards in this Set

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BERLIN WALL
Conceived of by the East German administration of Walter Ulbricht and approved by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, the wall was a long separation barrier between West Berlin and East Germany, which permanently closed the border between East and West Berlin for a period of 28 years. It was built during the post-World War II period of divided Germany, in an effort to stop the drain of labour and economic output associated with the daily migration of huge numbers of professionals and skilled workers between East and West Berlin, and the attendant defections, which had political and economic consequences for the Communist bloc
PEACE CORPS
was established by executive order in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy and approved by Congress as a permanent agency within the State Department later that year;designed to promote mutual understanding between Americans and the outside world
SIX-DAY WAR
was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. Following Egypt's blockade of Israeli shipping in the Straits of Tiran and the deployment of its troops in the Sinai near the Israeli border, and after months of increasingly tense border incidents and diplomatic crises, Israel launched what it described as a pre-emptive attack against Egypt. At the war's end, Israel had gained control of the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank, and the Golan Heights. The results of the war affect the geopolitics of the region to this day.
YOM KIPPUR WAR
was fought from October 6 to October 26, 1973, between Israel and a coalition of Arab nations led by Egypt and Syria. The war began on the day of Yom Kippur with a surprise joint attack by Egypt and Syria. They invaded the Sinai and Golan Heights, respectively, which had been captured by Israel in 1967 during the Six-Day War
DIEN BIEN PHU
fought between the Viet Minh (led by Hồ Chí Minh ) and France (led by General Navarre), the successor of General De Lattre de Tassingny. The battle is significant in that it ended major French involvement in Indochina, and led to the accords which partitioned Vietnam into North and South.
VIETMINH
was formed by Hồ Chí Minh in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France as well as to oppose the Japanese presence
VIETCONG
was an insurgent (partisan) organization fighting the Republic of Vietnam during the Vietnam War. The NLF was funded, equipped and staffed by both South Vietnamese and the army of North Vietnam
GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION
facilitated increased U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War; BASICALLY GAVE PRESIDENT A "BLANK CHECK"
HO CHI MINH TRAIL
network of routes from North Vietnam to South Vietnam in the neighboring countries of Laos and Cambodia to provide logistical support to the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese Army during the Vietnam War. It was a combination of truck routes and paths for foot and bicycle traffic.
TET OFFENSIVE
SURPRISE ATTACK BY THE VIETCONG ON ALMOST EVERY PROVINCE AND AMERICAN BASE IN SOUTH VIETNAM; US MILITARY COUNTERATTACKED; AMERICAN PUBLIC BACK AT HOME DIDN'T LIKE IT AT ALL
MY LAI MASSACRE
WHEN US TROOPS IN VIETNAM SLAINED A TOWN OF INNOCENT CIVILIANS
KHMER ROUGE
regime is remembered mainly for the deaths of an estimated 1.7 million people;was a communist organization that ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979
PARIS PEACE ACCORDS
were signed in 1973 by the governments of North Vietnam, South Vietnam, and the United States with the intent to establish 'peace' in Vietnam.
HENRY KISSINGER
he pioneered the policy of détente that led to a significant relaxation in US–Soviet tensions and played a crucial role in 1972 talks with Chinese foreign minister Zhou Enlai that concluded with the "opening" of China and the formation of a new strategic anti-Soviet Sino–American alliance
SALVADOR ALLENDE
Chilean Socialist Party politician whose career in government spanned nearly 40 years, as a senator, deputy, and cabinet minister.