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22 Cards in this Set

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ANXIETY
State of feeling apprehension, uneasiness, or dread from a certain stimuli in the environment
ACUTE (STATE) ANXIETY
Anxiety that is caused by a loss or change that threatens a persons sense of security
CHRONIC (TRAIT) ANXIETY
Anxiety that has been with a person for a long time.
Might see it in the forms of fatigue, insomnia, discomfort in ADL, or interpersonal relationships
FEAR
Is the reaction to a specific danger.
COMORBIDITY
90% of people with certain types of anxiety disorders develop other psychiatric disorders in their lifetime.
PANIC DISORDER
Characterized by recurrent unexpected panic attacks, about which the client is concerned about.
Symptoms such as palpitations and chest pains may come with a panic attack.
(waking up in the middle of the night after somethingtraumatic such as a death in the family has occured)
PHOBIAS
Persistent and irrational fear of an object, activity, or situation, in which the client wishes to avoid.
(Acrophobia, Hematophobia, Pyrophobia)
SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER
Severe anxiety or fear that is provoked by anyhting dealing with social interactions.
(fear of going and performing on stage and when asked to, will start to sweat and feel light-headed)
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
Obsessions are thoughts, impulses, or images that recur, to the point that you can focus on nothin else.
Compulsions are ritualistic behaviors that a person feels that they need to do.
(washing hands over and over)
POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
characterized by recurring images or dreams of a past traumatic event or stage of life, Flashbacks.
The person showed fear, helpessness, or horror.
(Rape, Car accident, War)
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
Exessive anxiety for a period of over 6 months.
Symptoms may include restlessness, insomnia, fatigue, and constant worrying.
(Moms usually have GAD or in some cases SEVERE GAD!)
INTERVENTIONS FOR ANXIETY
(BEHAVIORAL)
Relaxation Training.
Modeling.
Systemic Desensitization.
Flooding.
Response Prevention.
Thought Stopping
RELAXATION TRAINING
Relaxation excersises for breathing and or muscle groups that are tense.
MODELING
Therapist or significant other acts as a role model to demonstrate what is the correct behavior.
SYSTEMIC DESENSITIZATION
Gradual exposure to something that brings about stress.
Step by step from something least frightening to most frightening.
FLOODING
Instant exposure to a stressor.
Client is put under a large amount of an undesirable stimulus
RESPONSE PREVENTION
Stop client from doing a certian ritualistic behavior.
This teaches the client that even without completing the stress and anxiety subside.
THOUGHT STOPPING
When negative thoughts or obsessions are interupted.
Patient might have a rubberband on the wrist or might yeal "stop"
INTERVENTIONS FOR ANXIETY
(COGNITIVE)
Cognitive Restructuring.
COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURING
Helping the client identify negative beliefs, and ultimately replace them with healthy realistic thoughts.
INTERVENTIONS FOR ANXIETY
(COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL)
Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
Combines both Behavioral and Cognitive therapies to give the best of both worlds.