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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Steps of Scientific Method
1-Identify a problem/question

2-Formulate a hypothesis

3-Collect Data (Through Experiment/Observation)

4-Analyse data/ Draw Conclusions
Educated Guess
person/animal/thing being studied
any factor that is capable of changing during and experiment
independent variable
the variable that is chnaged during an experiment
dependent variable
the variable that changes as a result of the independent variable
stays constant/unchanged, treated like experimental group except independent variable not applied
control group
the subjects that are just like the experimental group but not given independent variable
experimental group
a group of subjects that is exposed to the independent variable
a group from which the subjects are chosen
random sampling
every member of a population has a chance
selection bias
lack of representation in the sample
experimenter bias
behave in a manner that influences the subject
animal studies: advantages
risk factors: injury/death

control from infancy, diet, brain implants

complete control
animal studies: disadvantages
feedback (verbal)

might have a different affect on humans than animals
research setting: laboratory
control the setting, while keeping "real-world setting" realize you're in an experiment (truthful?), limited in study, unnatural enviroment
natural onservation
(observe behavior in a real world setting and make no effort to manipulate or control the situation)

-time restrictions/ you might not find what you're looking for

-location might affect results

-researcher's opinion may alter results
Descriptive (method)
intends to provide an accurate portrayal of behaviors (statistics, leads to further research)
correlational method
the goal is to describe the strengths of relationship between 2 or more factors/characteristics/variables
experimental (method)
involves experimentation, cause and effect
Bandura Experiment
dependent variable: children

independent variable: reward/punishment

2 experimental groups, 1 control
operational definition
-a definition of behavior in terms of observable features
a method in which questions are asked directly to an individual to find out about the person's experience and attitude
disadvantages to interview
social desirability: most socially accepted response and desirable, but not what you feel
open-ended questions
questionnare (survey)-
similiar to an interview except respondants read a question and write down answers