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100 Cards in this Set

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*** Affect
The conscious aspect of an emotion apart from bodily changes.
*** Blunted Affect
A lack of emotional reactivity.
*** Flat Affect
Loss or lack of emotional expressiveness.
*** Inappropriate Affect
A display of emotion that is out of harmony with reality.
*** Labile Affect
The pathological expression of laughter, crying, or smiling. An individual may find themselves laughing uncontrollably at something that is only moderately funny, being unable to stop themselves for several minutes.
*** Restricted Affect
Is an affect type that represents mild reduction in the range and intensity of emotional expression.
*** Anxiety
A complex combination of emotions that includes fear, apprehension and worry, and is often accompanied by physical sensations such as palpitations, nausea, chest pain and/or shortness of breath.
*** Attention
The cognitive process of selectively concentrating on one thing while ignoring other things
*** Catatonic Behavior
Behavior characterized by muscular tightness or rigidity and lack of response to the environment.
Conversion Symptom
A psychiatric condition in which emotional distress or unconscious conflict are expressed through physical symptoms.
Defense Mechanism
An often unconscious mental process (as repression, projection, or sublimation) that makes possible compromise solutions to personal problems
Delusion
A false belief based on incorrect interference about external reality that is firmly sustained despite what everyone else believes.
Bizarre Delusion
Delusions are irrational beliefs, held with a high level of conviction, that are highly resistant to change even when the delusional person is exposed to forms of proof that contradict the belief.
Delusion of being controlled
A common paranoid delusions include the belief that the person's actions are being controlled by an external force.
Delusional jealousy
Or Othello syndrome is a psychiatric disorder in which a person holds a delusional belief that their spouse or sexual partner is being unfaithful
Erotomanic Delusion
A delusional conviction that some other person, usually of higher status and often famous, is in love with the individual; it is one of the subtypes of delusional disorder
Grandiose Delusion
An exaggerated belief or claims of one's importance or identity, often manifested by delusions of great wealth, power, or fame.
Persecutory Delusion
A delusion that one is being attacked, harassed, cheated, persecuted, or conspired against; it is one of the subtypes of delusional disorder
Somatic Delusion
A delusion that there is some alteration in a bodily organ or its function.
Thought Broadcasting
The delusion that one's thoughts are being broadcast to the environment.
Thought insertion
The delusion that thoughts that are not one's own are being inserted into one's mind.
Derailment
Disordered thought or speech.
Dissociation
A pervasive instability of mood, self-image or sense of self.
Hallucination
A sense perception without a source in the external world; a perception of an external stimulus object in the absence of such an object.
Auditory Hallucination
A hallucination involving the sense of hearing. Called also paracusia and paracusis .
Visual Hallucination
A hallucination involving the sense of sight.
Grandiosity
the condition of being grandiose; an exaggerated belief of one's importance or identity.
Ideas of Reference
A delusional conviction that ordinary events, objects, or behaviors of others have an unusual or peculiar meaning specifically for oneself.
Incoherence
Lack of connection.
Mood
A pervasive and sustained emotion that, when extreme, can color one's whole view of life and markedly affect behavior.
Dysphoric Mood
Low mood that may include dissatisfaction, restlessness, or depression
Elevated Mood
An exaggerated feeling of well-being, or euphoria or elation. A person with elevated mood may describe feeling "high," "ecstatic," "on top of the world," or "up in the clouds."
Euthymic Mood
One in the range of normal, being neither elevated nor depressed
Expansive Mood
Lack of restraint in expressing one's own feelings. Easily annoyed and provoked to anger.
Panic Attacks
Discrete periods of sudden onset of intense apprehension, fearfulness, or terror, often associated with feelings of impending doom.
Paranoid Ideation
Suspiciousness or the belief that one is being harassed, persecuted, or unfairly treated.
Phobia
Irrational fear of or an aversion
Prodrome
A symptom indicating the onset of a disease
Psychotic
Pertaining to, characterized by, a mental disorder characterized by gross impairment in reality testing as evidenced by delusions, hallucinations, markedly incoherent speech, or disorganized and agitated behavior.
Residual Phase
The phase of an illness that occurs after remission of the florid symptoms or the full syndrome.
Sign
A manifestation of a pathological condition, and observed by the examiner.
Stressor, Psychosocial
Any life event or life change that may be associated temporally with the onset, occurrence, or exacerbation of a mental disorder.
Symptom
A subjective manifestation of a patholigical condition.
Personality
Enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself.
Syndrome
A grouping of signs and symptoms, based on their frequent co-occurrence, that may suggest a common underlying pathogenesis,course,familial pattern, or treatment selection.
Agitation
Excessive motor activity associated with a feeling of inner tension.
Alogia
A general lack of additional, unprompted content seen in normal speech.
Avolition
An inability to initiate and persist in goal-directed activities.
Depersonalization
An alteration in the perception or experience of the self so that one feels detached from one's mental processes or body.
Derealization
An alteration in the perception of the external world so that it seems strange.
Distractibility
The inability to maintain attention. Shifting from one area or topic to another.
Disorientation
Confusion about the time of day,date, or season.
Flashback
A recurrence of a memory, feeling, or perceptual experience from the past.
Flight of Ideas
A nearly continuous flow of accelerated speech with abrupt changes from topic to topic.
Gustatory Hallucinations
A hallucination involving the perception of taste.
Olfactory Hallucination
A hallucination involving the sense of smell.
Somatic Hallucination
A hallucination involving the perception of a physical experience localized within the body.
Tactile Hallucination
A hallucination involving the perception of being touched or of something under one's skin.
Hypersomnia
Excessive sleepiness, as evidenced by prolonged nocternal sleep.
Magical Thinking
The erroneous belief that one's thoughts, words, or actions will cause or prevent a specific outcome.
Mood-congruent Psychotic
Delusions or hallucinations whose content is entirely consistent with the typical themes of a depressed or manic mood.
Mood-incongruent Psychotic
Delusions or hallucinations whose content is not entirely consistent with the typical themes of a depressed or manic mood.
Overvalued Idea
An unreasonable and sustained belief that is maintained with less than delusional intesity.
Psychomotor Retardation
Visible generalized slowing of movements and speech.
Pressured Speech
Speech that is increased in amount, accelerated,and difficult or impossible to interrupt.
Stereotyped Movements
Repetitive, seemingly driven, and nonfunctional motor behavior.
Stupor
A state of unresponsiveness with immobility and mutism.
Aphasia
An impairment in the understanding or transmission of ideas by language due to injury or disease.
Aphonia
An inability to produce speech sounds that require the use of the larynx.
Ataxia
Partial or complete loss of coordination of involuntary muscular movement.
Catalepsy
Waxy flexibility-rigid maintenance of a body position over an extended period of time.
Cataplexy
Episodes of sudden bilateral loss of muscle tone resulting in the individual collapsing.
Dysarthria
Imperfect articulation of speech due to disturbances of muscle control.
Dyskinesia
Distortion of voluntary movements with involuntary muscular activity.
Dystonia
Disordered tonicity of muscle.
Dyssomnia
Disorders of the amount, quallity, or timing of sleep.
Stupor
A state of unresponsiveness with immobility and mutism.
Aphasia
An impairment in the understanding or transmission of ideas by language due to injury or disease.
Aphonia
An inability to produce speech sounds that require the use of the larynx.
Ataxia
Partial or complete loss of coordination of involuntary muscular movement.
Catalepsy
Waxy flexibility-rigid maintenance of a body position over an extended period of time.
Cataplexy
Episodes of sudden bilateral loss of muscle tone resulting in the individual collapsing.
Dysarthria
Imperfect articulation of speech due to disturbances of muscle control.
Dyskinesia
Distortion of voluntary movements with involuntary muscular activity.
Dystonia
Disordered tonicity of muscle.
Dyssomnia
Disorders of the amount, quallity, or timing of sleep.
Echolalia
The pathological, parrotlike, and apparently senseless repetition of a word or phrase just spoken by another.
Echopraxia
Repetition by imitation of the movements of another.
Gender Dysphoria
A persistent aversion toward some or all of those physical characteristics or social roles that connote one's own biological sex.
Gender Identity
A person's inner conviction of being male or female.
Gender Role
Attitudes,patterns, of behavior,and personality attributes defined by the culture in which the person lives as stereotypically masculine or feminine social roles.
Hyperacusis
Painful sensitivity to sounds.
Intersex Condition
A condition in which and individual shows intermingling, in various degrees of the characteristics of each sex.
Macropsia
The visual perception that objects are larger than they actually are.
Micropsia
The visual percecption that objects are smaller than they actually are.
Nystagmus
Involuntary rhythmic movements of the eyes that consists of small amplitude rapid tremors in one direction and a larger, slower,recurrent sweep in the opposite direction.
Parasomnia
Abnormal behavior occuring during sleep or sleep-wake transitions.
Synesthesia
When one sensory experience illicits a response from a different sensory mechanism.
Tic
An involuntary, sudden, rapid, reccurent motor movement or vocalization.
Transsexualism
Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex.