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51 Cards in this Set

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Behavioral method
associate desired behavior with a cue (stimulus control)
anaclitic depression
prolonged separation from the mothering figure in the 2nd half of the 1st yr of life

can result in syndrome of weeping, withdrawl, apathy, weight loss, sleep disturbance, and developmental decline

linked to milestone of object permanence
normal aging - problems with secondary memory involve
encoding and retrieval
dementia - problems with secondary memory involve
storage
w/ aging: registration
unstable, related to attention
w/ aging: implicit/incidental recall
minimal decline
w/ aging: remote/long term recall
generally well-maintained, but variable
first words
12 mo
2-3 word phrases
24 mo
walking
12mo
toilet training
36 mo
sensorimotor stage
birth-2
object permanence develops
develops schemas (representations of the environment)
assimilation
accommodation
assimilation
taking new object/experience and grouping it with other objects in his schema which have the same or a simmilar fct
accomadation
modifying schema to account for new information
preoperational stage
2-7
2 substages
symbolic 2-4
decentration 4-7
symbolic
2-4
symbolic activity and make believe play
language (symbolocally rather than motorically)
talk about objects not in sight
egocentric
can only attend to one perceptual dimention or attribute at a time
no concept of time, but may know sequence
cannot distinguish reality/fantasy, cause/effect
decentration
4-7
begins to recognize other pts of view
begins to interact with others and realizes that what he thinks may be diff from others
concrete operational
7-11
no longer thinks one dimentionally
conservation - mass/volume
formal operational
12-15
abstract thinking
philosophical discussions
hypothesis, experiment, make deductions, and reason from the particular to the general
preconventional morality
prior to 10
1)punishment and obedience orientation - depends on consequences
2)instrumental hedonism - depends on consequences, but more on obtaining rewards than avoiding punishment
conventional morality
10-11
1)good boy/girl - right action is the one approved by others
2)law and order - based on rules by authority
post conventional morality
late adolescence/adult
1)morality of contract, individual rights - right vs wrong determined by democratically accepted laws
2)moality of individual principles of concience - right vs wrong determined on basis of self-chosen, universally applied principles
mature defense mechanisms
sublimation, humor, altruism, anticipation, supression
sublimation
finding socially acceptable means of expressing the unacceptable
rection formation
turning unacceptable feelings into their opposite
identification
assuming behavior patterns of another idealized person
rationalization
making excuses to save face
projection
one's own unacceptable feelings are disowned and attributed to (projected onto) others
stages of change
precontemplation
contemplation
preparation
action
maintenance
CAH
genetic female
male gonads
male gender identity
1/3 gynephillic
5 alpha reductase deficiency
genetic males
female phenotype
raised as phemale
at puberty develop masculin traits and switch identity to male
anti-androgens
depo-provera
cyproterone acetate
systematic desensitization based on principle of reciprocal inhibition
1)teach relaxation skills
2)create heirarchy of anxiety-provoking events
3)pair relaxation response with each item
contingency management
$10 back
cingulate
highest order of feelings-knowing
secind order map structures
superior colliculous
cingulate cortex
thalamus
prefrontal cortex
emotions and ________ go together
core conciousness
core conciousness does not require
language
conventional learning
WORKING memory
reason
plaaning, problem solving, creativity
result of core conciousness
more wakefulness
more focoused attention
allows for novel responses, not just automated ones
allows for language
allows for planning, problem solving, and creativity
disrupt core conciousness
1)affect maps of somatosensory information (location of the proto self)
upper brain stem
hypothalamus
insula
S2
S1 (parietal association cortex)
2)nuclei of thalamus and cingulate cortex
extended conciousness
necessary for recalled knowledge
prerequisite of intelligence
genetic, but also evolves over life
aware of past, anticipate future
depends on conventional and working memory
enhanced by language
areas of the brain affected in the disruption of extended conciousness
temporal corticies
hippocampus
prefrontal cortex
vision, hearing cortex
disorders of extended conciousness
transient global amnesia-migranes
traumatic amnesias
progression of alzheimers
frontal lobe damage
proto-self situated in
brain stem nuclei
hypothalamus
basal forebrain
somatosensory cortex
protoself is
preconcious
core self
occurs whenever an object modifies the proto self
continuous
concious
minimal change throughout life
what is responsible for wakefulness
classical reticular nuclei
what makes up the proto self
non classical nuclei
elements in loss of conciousness
brainstem
classical reticular nuclei
non classical nuclei
hypothalamus
primary/univaersal hormones
hapiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise, disgust
secondary/social emotions
embarassment, jealousy, guilt, pride