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20 Cards in this Set

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0-18 MO
ERICKSON PIAGET FREUD
ERICKSON: TRUST-MISTRUST
PIAGET: SENSORIMOTOR
fREUD - ORAL
18-42 months
ERICKSON
PIAGET
FREUD
ERICKSON - autonomy shame and doubt
PIAGET - nothing
FREUD - anal
3.5-5 years
ERICKSON
PIAGET
FREUD
ERICKSON - INITIAVIE-GUILT
PIAGET - PREOPERATIONAL
FREUD - OEDIPAL
Mental retardation and the IQ test
IQ two standard deviations below mean
early ID is important!
speech therapy etc
Prenatal risks of mental retardation
premies
interuterine growth retardation
genetics
maternal TORCH
adolescent preg
drugs
AIDS and infants
77% of children with AIDS before age 13 aquire it perinatally

most of those by IV drug use of mother
tetracycline and phenytoin
teratogenic, cause yellow teeth and facial abnormalities
Lithium
psych drug that they later found caused atrial septal defect
Fetal alcohol syndrome
small eyeballs and head, thin upperlip, seizures, hyperactivity
Ethology
study of non-human behavior in animals, (imprinting)
harlow's terry cloth surrogate mothers
harlows exp
wire surrogate and cloth, but both monkeys had poor long term psychosocial outcomes
Institutional rearing
can result in developmental retardation

alleviated by good adoption etc
Reactive attachement disorder
non-organic failure to thrive

have to distinguish from autism as they show the same signs

apathy or excitability, delay in smile response, impaired interpersonal attachment
Attachment
secure vs insecure
securely attachemd children can tolerate parents leaving for short periods
Toddler
object permanence and preoperational thinking - when you can't see them, they're still there

food fads
toilet training
pronouns
increase in fears
gender ID consolidation
separation-individuation phases
Early childhood
physical
cognitive
moral development
affective
physical - improved gross and fine motor, skull and brain adult sized

cognitive - preoperational, lack of ID concervation, trial and error, egocentric, magical


moral - realism and objectified

affective - gender role est. imaginary friend, object constancy
realism
objectified
realism - belief in imminent justice

objectified - punishment related to damage not intent

NOTE: vocab increases almost nine words a day through 6, important indicator
object constancy vs object permanence
expressing inner language, play with truck and have inner monologue
Early childhood
affective: freud
social
affective - oedipal conflicts begin and end, has other kinder parents, dreams are real

social - parallel play --> group play
Middle childhood

physical cognitive affective social
physical - almost complete myelination, sleep 8-10 hrs, growth and puberty

cognitive - concrete operations

affective - ego-ideal created, early sexual exploration, risk taking behavior

social - approval related to being helpful and following rules, harsh long lasting social judgements, hero worship and crushes, cooperative then competitive play