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69 Cards in this Set

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The collection and analysis of info and data in order to identify and describe target bx, identify possible causes of bx, select treatment and evaluate treatment outcome
Behavioral assessment
Inital interactions b/w a client and practitioner
Function of the ______ phase: inform client about agency; determine if agency is appropriate; look for crisis condition; gather sufficient info
Screening/ Intake phase/ Pre-baseline
During this phase, bx modifier assesses the target bx
Baseline phase
Now will design a treatment program to bring desired change; training/ teaching program
Treatment/ intervention phase
Carried out to determine if improvements have been made
Follow up phase
WHen you aren't physically observing the bx; can be used if observing is unethical or if bx is unlikely or private; i.e. interview,questionnaires, role playing, info from consulting professionals and client self-monitoring, analog setting
Indirect Assessment
When specific behaviors are precisely defined and directly observed by other individuals
Direct Assessment
Used to clearly demonstrate the antecedent events that exert control over a problem bx and/or consequences that are controlling that bx
Experimental Assessment
Attempt to demonstrate that the occurrence of a bx is a function of certain controlling variables
Experimental Functional Analyses
Reason for assessment:
1. May discover that bx really isn't a problem
2. Can select best intervention
3.Able to measure change
4. Public posting to progress toward goals
5. Reactivity or people change bx b/c they are being observed
When people change their bx because they are being observed
Refers to a form of a particular response; description of specific movements
Refers to the number of instances of the bx that occur in a given period of time
Frequency/ rate
A graph when each of the responces for a condition during a session are added to the total responces of all previous session for that condition; i.e. in session 3 = 4 responces, session 4 = 5 responces therefore total of 9 plotted on session 4....
Cumulative graph
When each data point represents the total number of elements completed during a session
Frequency chart
Measuring amount; length of time that a bx occurs within some period of time
Force of a responce; i.e. voice loudness; grip pressure
Used to indicate that a certain bx occurs in the presence of certain stimuli and not others
Stimulus control
The time b/w the occurrence of a stimulus and the beginning of a response
This is an arbitrary desingation of one or more of the previous characteristics of behavior (latency, duration...) that is identified as having some functional value
i.e. a "good" student has a high frequency of studying and getting test questions right
Recording every instance of a bx during a specified time segment
Continuous recording
Specific block of item is selected (like 30 min observation period) and the time is divided into equal intervals of short duration (10 sec). A specific bx is recorded as occuring or not occuring during each interval
Interval recording
A specified bx is recorded a maximum of once per interval throughout the observation period, regardless of how many times the bx might occur during each interval and regardless of the duration; i.e. if it occurs once in 10 sec interval = 1 mark; if it occurs 8 times in 10 sec interval = 1 mark; either get a 1 or 0
Partial-interval recording
Bx is recorded during an interval only if it persists throughout the entire interval
Whole-interval recording
Bx is scored as occurring or not occurring during very brief observation interval; which are separated from each other by a much long period of time; i.e. checking a child for rocking every one hour for 15 second interval, then the next time to check is separated by one hour
Time-sampling recording
Bx is recording as occuring or not occuring at specific points in time; such as every hour on the hour
Momentary time sampling
Typically, IOR or interobserver reliability scores b/w _______ are considered acceptable
80 and 100%
Includes a reveral to baseline conditions followed by a replication of the treatment phase;
Reversal-replication or ABAB
Reversal; baseline, intervention, baseline
Must have two or more bx at once; calls for the introduction of the treatment sequentially across two or more bx
Multiple baseline across bx
Treatment on a single bx that occurs in several situation
Multiple baseline across situation
Effectiveness of a treatment by apllying it sequentially to individuals
Multiple-baseline-across people
Introduce successive changes in the bx criterion for application of the treatment
changing-criterion design
Design that involves changing two or more treatments conditions considerably more rapidly than would be done in reveral-replication design; when you want to compare differnt treatments for the same bx or same individual
Alternating-treatment/ multiple element design
Type of conditioned reinforcer like money
Things one can get with the Token
Backup reinforcer
Program where a person can earn a token and exchange token for backup reinforcers
Token ecomony
No one gets a token unless everyone earns a token
peer/group contingencies
This is an example of _____: smoke cigarette vs. emphysema
Immediate small reinforcer vs. delayed strong punisher
This is an example of _____: going out with friends vs. better grade on test
Immediate small reinforcer vs. delayed large reinforcer
This is an example of _____: Not running 1st couple of times vs. reaching goal
Avoiding immediate punisher vs. delayed reinforecer
This is an example of _____: Not getting mammogram vs. possible breast cancer
Avoiding immediate punisher vs. delayed large punisher
Immediate Reinforers =
Problems of Bx excesses
Avoiding immediate small punishers =
Problems of behavioral deficiencies
Step in self control problem 1- clear concrete measurable terms
Specify the problem / set goals
Step in self control problem 2-refers to the statements or actions that indicate that it is important to change your bx, that you will work toard doing so and that you recognize the benifits of doing so
Make commitment to change
Step in self control problem 3- to assess the occurrence of the problem; where, when and how often it occurs
Take data and analyze causes
Step in self control problem 4- use of intructions, modeling, changing other people/ environment; doing the ABC
Design and implementing
Step in self control problem 5- being able to maintain your gains over the long run
Prevent relapse and make gains last
Cheating during a self management program
short-circuiting of contingencies
Intense, irrational, incapacitating fears
Persistent, irrational fear of a cirumscribed stimulus
Simple phobia
When one is embarressed/ humiliated by one's own public actions or by judgements of others
Social phobia
Chest pain, SOB, sweating, dizziness
Panic attack
In this approach, goal is to elicit intense levels of anxiety by the conditioned stimulus so that the respondent extinction will occur
WHen the therapist models for the client approaches to the feared stimulus
Participant Modeling
Based on the process of counterconditioning her or himself; to handle phobias; when contructing a fear hierarchy and learning deep tendon relaxation
Systematic self-desensitization
exposure to feared objects or events through imagery, by aksing the individual to imagine various experiences with feared object or through actual presentations of object
In vivo exposure
Listing 10-30 fear-producing situations r/t undesirable fear and arranging these situations in order, starting with situation that causes the least fear and ending with the one causing the most
Constructing the fear hierchy
Alternately tensing and relaxing your muscles while attending closely to the internal activities and sensations
Learning deep muscle relaxation to be done after construction the fear hierchy
Approaches taht focus on substituting rational thoughts and appraisal of information for irrational or dysfunctional thinking
Cognitive Restructuring methods
Based on premise that most everyday emotional problems stem from irrational statements that people make to themselves when events in their lives are not the way they would like them to be
Rational-emotive therapy RET- Ellis
Making something bad our of small event
It would be nice if... turned into musts or shoulds
According to _____, people with emotional disorders engage excessively in aberrant, fallacious or dysfunctional thinking, and this is what causes their problems
Telling oneself what to do in various situations in bringing about desired behavioral changes; often emphasis is more on teaching the client to cope with the neg emotions than on completely eliminating them; doing self talk
Self-instructional coping methods
Used for obsessive thoughts: STOP!
Thought stopping