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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the earliest indication of sedentary life and were?
8000B.P. Evidence of sedentary life along Peruvian coast.

Had rich resources and productive inlands allowing for sedentary life though still foraging.
When did coastal villages first increase in size and when is there evidence of first domesticates?
5500-5000 B.C. coastal villages increase in size and subsistence included following domesticates;
kidney and lima beans
What sites are evidence for this expansion?
Huaca Prieta and Paracas

most residences were same size, though there were other larger structures ie small pyramids and platforms
What was significant in the sites of Bandarria, Rio Seco and Aspero?
Specialized structures were increasingly large and sophisticated

5000BP, large pyramids and differing house sizes.
When did the expansion into the interior occure and why?
After 4500 B.P.

population increase forced expansion into interior where agriculture was only possible through irrigation canals
What domesticates were grown after 4500B.P.?
Maize, beans, gourds, squash, peanuts, avocado and guava.
What and when is the first evidence for the use of metals in South America?
3100 B.P.

Mina Perdida; gold and copper artifacts were found in burials
(further evidence for social complexity)
When did social differentiation occure?
development of irrigation facilitated population growth through more surplus, followed by necessary move inlands which was accompanied by social differentiation.
How do we know that social complexity existed in these early settlements?
Focus on monumental structures associated with ceremonial purposes ie pyramids, indicate newly evolved social and economic power focused on a religious elite. Could control increasingly complex economy.
What does Tom Patterson believe was the factor in development of Andean civilisations?
Tom Patterson; Contact and competition among political entities within individual valleys.