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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pre/ early 19th century research
Subjects: self, friends, family, poor, prisoners
consent: occasional, informal
Knowledge of risks:minimal
Late 19th century
Increasing ethnic awareness
consent= rarely explicitly determined but implicitily obtained
Little Al never de-conditioned
Not concerned w/ long term effects
Tuskegee Syphilis Study
Black men
withheld full informed consent and treatment
CDC Federal Gov't
Turning point
Research for benefit of war effort
large-scale, gov't funded
WWII types of research
effects of extreme temperature, sleep deprivation, oxygen deprivation, radiation
US, German, Japanese differences
US: civilian prisoners, troops; lower risk experiments, consent from authority figures
German: prisoners of war, civilians; high risk and bizarre experiments, no consent
Japan: prisoners of war, civilians; high risk exp., no consent
Twin research
was a doctor
extrememly cruel
never caught
Nuremburg trials
Crimes against humanity
Karl Brandt
1. The voluntary consent of the human subject is absoltely essential.
US military radiation experiments
East Rochester, NY
Inject plutonium into hospitalized patients to track metabolism and deposition
18 ppl w/out consent
US military bio-warfare exp./ Vulnerability Test Program
Army secretly released clouds of bacteria from planes and ships to track bacteria.
Fenald School/Harvard Radiation
19 boys fed radioactive milk
Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital Study
Injections of liver cancer cells into patients
Consent orally but not told would recieve cancer cells
First death
In a gene therapy trial
Belmont Principles
1. respect for persons
2. benefience
3. justice