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8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
5 components of threat assessment and response
1. Detection
2. Discrimination
3. Rapid, coordinated response
4. Return to Baseline
5. Memory
Detection
- Precise Exteroreception via 5 senses

- Imprecise Interoception via proprioception and visceral sensation
Discrimination
-Relevant stimuli

-Novel vs. known stimuli

-Harmful vs. benign stimuli
Rapid and Coordinated Responses
-Conscious attention and appraisal

-Automatic innate and learned behaviors

-Autonomic support
Return to Baseline
-Threat responses are not sustainable

-De-escalation via concious decisions, habituation, and negative homeostatic feedback
Memory
Long term storage to enhance effectiveness of future responses in the previous 4 mechanisms
Temperament Genetics of anxiety
-Behavioral Inhibition
-Neurotic temperament
Behavioral Inhibition
-withdrawal from novel situations
-exaggerated autonomic and HPA response
-poor habituation
-predisposes to panic disorder and social phobia

Neurotic temperament
-chronic worry
-intermittment dysphoria
-psyhosomatic complaints
-associated with 5HT receptor gene promoter variations
-predisposes to GAD
Pathology of anxiety disorders
Phobias
Panic Disorder
Social Phobia
GAD
OCD
PTSD
Phobias: some innate, mostly conditioning

Panic Disorder: response to novelty, conditioning, cognition

Social Phobia: response to novelty, conditioning, cognition

GAD: Global modulation

OCD: 5HT modulation of PFC-limbic pathways

PTSD: Conditioning (1-trial), discrimination, de-escalation