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79 Cards in this Set

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return to the original tempo
a tempo
accent to play a note louder than the others
accent
accelerate; gradually faster
accelerando
sharps flats or naturals written before notes
accidentals
slowly
adagio
broadening; gradually slower
allargando
fast or quick
allegro
slightly slower than allegro; faster than andante
allegretto
a moderate walking tempo
andante
slightly faster than andante (some composers use it to mean slower than andante)
andantino
animated; with spirit
animato
used mainly in music of the classical period, play the first note as half the value of the second note
appoggiatura
a contiuous broken chord
arpeggio
no specific key or tonality
atonality
the use of two different keys at the same time
bitonality
a strict form of contrapuntal writing in which each voice exactly imitates the melody of the first voice
canon
in singing style
cantabile
with vigor or spirit (with brilliance)
con brio
an extended ending for a piece of music
coda
a short coda
codetta
with
con
with motion
con moto
gradually louder
crescendo
go back to the beginning of the piece and play until the word fine
D.C. al Fine
sweetly
dolce
sadly; sorrowfully
doloroso
two different names for the same pitch (C sharp and D flat)
enharmonic
expressively
expressivo
the end
Fine
loud
forte
very loud
fortissimo
very very loud
fortississimo
loud followed immediately by soft
forte-piano
hold the note longer than its value
fermata
merrily, with humor
giocoso
gracefully
gracioso
very slowly (large)
largo
play smoothly; connect the notes
Legato
lightly, delicately
leggiero
slowly
lento
stressed, marked
marcato
less
meno
a moderate or medium tempo
moderato
much, very
molto
an ornament in which the written note is played, followed by the note below the written note and the note written again
mordent
a word used to indicate the chronological order in which a composer's music was written
opus
a repeated pattern
ostinato
major and mino keys with the same letter names
parallel major/minor
heavily
pesante
a musical sentence, often four measures long
phrase
more
piu
more motion, faster
piu mosso
little
poco
the use of several different keys at the same time
polytonality
very fast
presto
gradually slower
rallentando
immediately slower
ritenuto
robustly, boldly
robusto
playfully, jokingly
scherzando
always
sempre
without
senza
a sudden sharp accent
sforzando
continue in the same style
simile
spirited, with spirit
spiritoso
sustained
sostenuto
play crisply or detatched
staccato
suddenly, at once
subito
a momentary contradiction of the meter or pulse, oftn by changing strong and weak beats within a measure
syncopation
play the note slightly louder than the others; stress the note
tenuto or stress
tranquilly; peacefully; calmly
tranquillo
An ornament in which the written note is alternate continuously with the note above. IN music of the baroque or classical period begin the trill on the note above the written note. In music ofthe romantic period begin on the wirtten note
trill
a trill performed with an added beginning from above or below
trill with prefix
an ornament in which the written note is surrounded by its upper and lower neighbors
turn
quick, lively
vivace
brisk, lively
vivo
little or less than
etto, ino
sonata allegro form
exposition, development, recapitulation
with fire, with energy
con fuoco
a short musical idea
motif