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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Beat
Standard of measurement in musical time
Tempo
Rate of progression of beats and beat combinations
Meter
Recurring patterns of accented and unaccented pulsations of beat
duple metrical stress
triple metrical stress
quadruple metrical stress
simple meter
beat is normally divisible by 2
compound meter
beat is normally divisible by 3
composite or compound meter
composed of beats of unequal lengths - beats divisible by 2 OR 3; divided beats have same duration
compound single
when upper numeral of time signature is 3 and speed of piece calls for sompound interpretation (1 beat per measure)
rhythm
occurrence of varying lengths of sound and silence
regular rhythm
when long notes coincide with strong beats and shorter notes occur as non-synocopated divisions of weak beats OR when repeating non syncopated divisions occur on all beats
uniform ryhthm
1. Measure is filled by one note
2. Menaure filled by 2 equal notes in quadruple meter
3. measure divided equally into units of beats
4. measure divided into equal divisions of the unit of beat
True or False
All uniform rhythms are regular
True (But not all regular rhythms are uniform)
Irregular rhythm
1. when long notes coincide with weak beats or weak parts of beats
2. Rhythm has been syncopated
syncopated rhythm
1. When weak beat or part of beat is accented
2. When weak beat is tied to strong beat that follows it
3. When a rest occurs on a beat after a note on a weak beat
True or False
All irregular rhythms are syncopated
False (But all syncopated rhythms ARE irregular)
thesis
first beat of a measure
arsis
unaccented beat in a measure
anacrusis
pick-up
masculine ending
last attack of phrase coincides with thesis
feminine ending
last attack of phrase does not coincide with thesis
related meters
have same metrical stress but different unit of beat
(ie 4/4 and 4/2 are related)
equivalent meters
2 different meters, one simple and one compound, with same beat grouping and same note to represent the divided beat
(ie. 2/4 and 6/8 are equivalent)