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36 Cards in this Set

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What was the reason for the formation of the United States Navy?
the second continental congress realized that the survival of the colonies as independent from England depended on the formation of naval forces.
During the late 18th century, battleships were classified as?
ships-of-the-line
During 1775, a craft was completed to fight the British Navy. What type of craft was this, what was it named, and who was its inventor?
a warfare submarine, named the Turtle, and invented by David Bushnell
What is the significance of the 1776 raid on the island of New Providence in the Bahamas?
first amphibious operation carried out by the American Navy and Marines
The first official recognition of the American Stars and Stripes flag by a foreign nation was given by (a) what nation and (b) what location?
France to the USS Ranger
After the revolutionary War, what was the next significant role of the U.S. Navy?
the U.S. Navy defended America's small merchant ship fleet from the Barbary pirates
List the two conflicts that the American Navy was involved in between the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.
Quasi War with France and the Barbary States War
Describe the event during the Barbary States War that Lord Nelson thought of as one of the most bold and daring acts of the age?
the operation executed by LT Stephen Decatur and 84 seamen by slipping into the harbor of Tripoli and burning the captured frigate Philadelphia
List two events that the U.S. Navy was involved in during the War of 1812.
The sea battle between the American frigate USS Constitution and the British frigate Guerriere / the victory of Captain Oliver Hazard Perry over the British squadron on Lake Erie
The Mexican-American War was primarily a land war. However, the Navy provided what service during this war?
Blockaded the port cities on the Gulf and the "Mosquito Fleet" provided protective action during the first large-scale amphibious operation in U.S. military history.
List the naval developments during the last part of the 19th century.
introduction of ironclad ships/ introduction of riverboats, rams, and gunboats/ development of submarines/ Construction of steeled-hull protected cruisers, signaling the end of the ironclads/ Development of self-propelled torpedo and long-range torpedo boats/ development of the internal combustion engine for ships
After the development of the ironclad, what was the Confederate Navy's next achievement?
developement of the submarine
During the Civil War, the U.S. Navy's first admiral gave the famous order, "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead," List the admiral's name and battle where he gave the order.
Admiral Farragut during the Battle of Mobile Bay
Descrive how Alfred T. Mahan influenced naval strategy.
his books stressed the idea that without control of the seas, a nation couldn't expect victory. He was one of the first instructors at the Naval War College and shared his knowledge on sea power and the importance of understanding naval needs.
What was the major cause of the Spanish-American War?
maine was lown up and 250 sailors were killed
Who was instrumental in quickly ending the Spanish-American War?
Commodore George Dewey
Before WW I, the Navy built surface ships and submarines. What other development occurred then that is still a big part of today's naval arsenal?
airplanes
What was one reason why the U.S. Navy was deployed?
to stop German U-boats from practicing unrestricted warfare and terrorizing the seas
Describe the role of Navy destroyers.
destroyers were used as the main defense against German U-boats. They also served as an escort for troop ships and supply convoys for the allies
Describe the role of the air force.
supported surface antisubmarine forces
(WWI)What was the role of Navy Women?
women enlisted in the Navy as Yeoman, releasing enlisted men for active service at sea
What was the significance of the Battle of Coral Sea?
fought entirely by aircraft launched by carriers, carriers never saw each other. This battle saved Australia from being invaded by the Japanese
Describe the role of the U.S Navy in the Atlantic Ocean during WWII
the navy protected convoys bound for Europe from German U-boats
The shape of the Navy changed during WWII because of new ships introduced during this period. List some of the types of ships that were introduced during this period.
landing ships, frigates, attack cargo ships, transport ships, barracks ships, net tenders, repair ships, radar pickets minelayers, and mine sweepers
What is the significance of the date 30 Jul 43?
Congress authorized the establishment of the Women's reserve to fill acute shortages of personnel during WWII
What is the significance of the Women's Armed Services Integration Act?
it abolished the Women's Reserve and gave women full partnership in the Navy
Battle of Guadalcanal
the solomon Islands came under allied control and the danger of Australia coming under Japanese attack was lessened
Battle of the Philippine Sea
Heavy losses of ships, aircraft, and pilots paralyzed the Japanese fleet
Battle of Leyte Gulf-
Deciding blow to the Japanese Navy, Losing control of the Philippines meant that the Japanese homeland was cut off from its main source of supplies from the south.
Battle of Midway
the turning point of the war in the pacific
The battles of okinawa and Iwo Jima
defeat of the Japanese in these battles signaled an approach to the end of the war
List some of the Navy's roles during the Korean Conflict.
providing close air support to knock out bridges and block enemy routes with the use of jets from carriers/ navy helicopters spotted enemy artillery/ navy ships supported the amphibious landing at Inchon through massive shore bombardment before ground forces landed/ the Navy successfully used its battleships to intervene in ground operations far ashore
List some of the Navy's missions during the Vietnam Police Action
surface ship-based gunfire support/ carrier-based aircraft operations/ coastal interdiction patrols against the enemy
What are other actions the Navy was involved with during the same timeframe as the Vietnam Police Action?
the manned space exploration program/ manned undersea exploration, using deep submergence vehicles and underwater laboratories
What service did the navy provide during the Iraq-Iran War?
the Navy escorted and protected oil tankers in transit to and from the Persian Gulf against Iranian attacks
List the Navy's contributions during Operation Dessert Storm.
providing sea control/ naval gunfire suport for sea to ground forces/ surface and subsurface missile attacks on selected targets in Irag