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70 Cards in this Set

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What is the objective of first aid?
to save lives, to limit infection, to prevent further injury
In administering first aid,you are responsible for performing what tasks? (3)
stop bleeding, maintain breathing, prevent or treat for shock
Under what circumstances should you touch an open wound with your fingers?
Only when absolutely necessary to stop severe bleeding
True or False. A person who has stopped breathing is considered dead.
False
What is the purpose of artificial ventilation?
to provide a method of air exchange
The mouth to nose technique for administering artificial ventilation is effective when?
the victim is very young or the victim who has extensive facial injuries
CPR should be started within how many minutes of the onset of cardiac arrest?
4
When administering CPR, you should place your hands on what area of the victim's chest?
above the tip of the sternum
What is the most reliable indication of a blocked airway in a conscious person?
inability to speak
You are assisting a person who is choking, what is the first action you should take?
clear the victim's mouth of any food or foreign objects
What minimum amount of blood loss usually causes a person to go into shock?
2 pints
How is arterial bleeding from a cut near the surface of the skin indicated?
gushing spurts of bright red blood
To control bleeding, what method should you try first?
direct pressure
What is meant by the pressure points in the human body?
A place where the main artery is close to the skin surface and over a bone
If the use of a battle dressing is required, who should loosen/remove it?
medical personnel
True or False. Shock will never be serious enough to cause death.
False
At what time should you start treatment for shock?
as soon as possible after an injury occurs
What is the basic position for treating shock?
putting the head lower than the feet
What Navy personnel are the most frequent victims of suicide?
males between the ages of 17 to 24 in paygrades E-1 to E-6
What actions should you take if you believe someone you know is thinking about suicide?
Take all threats seriously, don't leave the person alone, get professional help
What type of burns is considered the most serious?
third degree
True or False. A closed fracture is one where the skin is intact and an open fracture is one where the skin is broken.
True
When choosing a material to use as a splint, you should choose material that has what characteristics?
light weight, fairly rigid, and strong
What are the symptoms of a broken bone?
swelling, deformity, and inability to use the part
What are the symptoms of a sprain or strain?
swelling and inability to use the part
What is one of the easiest ways to carry an unconscious person?
fireman's carry
In compartments with access hatches that are too small to permit the use of regular stretchers, you would remove an injured person using what type of stretcher?
Neil Robertson
Aboard ship, keeping yourself and your spaces clean and orderly has what advantages?
improves morale and contributes to the well-being of the crew
What common dental conditions can be prevented by making sure you develop the habit of good oral hygiene?
tooth decay, gum and bone disease, and reddening of the gums
True or False. Sexually transmitted diseases may be spread through the use of inanimate objects, such as toilet seats, bed linens, or drinking glasses?
False
If left untreated, syphilis may cause what conditions?
heart disease, mental illness, or blindness
Sterility is the result of leaving what sexually disease untreated?
gonorrhea
True or False. Use of condoms offers some protection from AIDS.
True
If time permits during abandon-ship preparation, a message announced over the 1MC will give what information?
water temperature, sea and wind condition, and bearing and distance to the nearest land
If you have to go over the side and the ships propellers are turning, you should leave from what point of the ship?
from the bow
Personnel have the greatest chance for survival in the water if they meet what swimmer requirements?
First class
If you have to swim through flames, what procedure should you follow?
swim underwater until you are clear of the oil
If you must abandon ship into oily water that is not burning, what precautions should you take?
use your life preserver as a raft, keep your face above the surface of the water as much as possible.
You can use what items to help you stay afloat?
seabags, pillow cases, and mattress covers
The Navy uses a maximum of how many types of life preservers?
two
What benefits does the collar on the vest-type life preserver provide?
additional buoyancy to keep the head upright
The wooden toggle and line of an inflatable life preserver are used to?
attach yourself to a life raft or another person
When using a pin-on, battery-operated light on a life preserver, you should replace the battery at what minimum interval?
6 months
True or False. You may launder the fibrous glass pads in addition to the outer cover of the inherently buoyant preserver.
False
In addition to inspecting your inflatable life preserver each time you wear it, you should also inspect it for air leaks at what minimum interval?
monthly
The survival kits in large lifeboats are designed to sustain 15 to 20 people on regular rations for what maximum number of days?
5
You can identify the red flare end of a Mk 13 Mod 0 distress signal kit in the dark by what indicator?
beadlike projections
Under good weather conditions, the dye marker will retain some color for what maximum length of time?
4 hours
In a lifeboat, what piece of survival equipment is provided to assist you in filling containers with freshwater?
rain catcher tube
In a lifeboat, coninuous exposer to the elements will not harm what pieces of survival or signal equipment?
sponges
In a lifeboat, you may survive on as little as how much water a day?
6 ounces
True or False. People are know to live for 4 weeks or longer in a survival situation if a sufficient amount of water is available?
True
What form of sea life should never be eaten?
Jellyfish
What sea birds are edible?
albatrosses, gannets, and terns
At what minimum water temperature are you at risk for a serious condition called hypothermia?
75 degrees F
What means should you use to treat frostbitten hands and fingers?
place them in contact with a warm part of your body
Assume that you have just fallen overboard. What is the most important survival technique for you to remember?
Remain calm and try to stay afloat
Helicopters use a maximum of how many basic devices for recovering personnel in the water?
three
If you fall overboard and sharks are in the area, you should take what actions?
Float on your back and use as little arm and leg movement as possible
In a group survival situation, good leadership will lessen the effects of what emotional states?
painic, confusion, and disorganization
At least how many quarts of water are required each day to maintain your efficiency?
2
Liquids obtained from vines are undrinkable if they have what characteristics?
white sap, very dark in color
In a survival situation with less than 1 quart of water per day, you should avoid eating what type of food?
highly flavored
Under survival conditions, you would obtain the most food value from what source?
animal flesh
To kill any parasites scavenger birds such as buzzards and vultures might carry, you should boil the birds for what minimum length of time?
20 minutes
True or False. When selecting a route for evasion travel, you should always choose the easiest route.
False
What sources are best for determining directions under survival conditions?
the position of the stars and the sun
During evasion, if you can no longer proceed on your own because of illness, what actions should you take?
seek help from friendly natives
After evading the enemy and returning to an area with friendly forces, you should take what action?
display a white flag or other white object
You should give friendly frontline troops what information about your evasion experiences?
immediate tactical information