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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the four types of tissue?
epithelial, connective, muscle and neural
Where are epithelial tissues found?
on the surfaces of the body as coverings or linings.
What kind of tissue are glands made of?
glandular epithelium
What is a matrix?
a structural network of solution of non-living intracellular material.
What are some types of connective tissue?
areolar, adipose, fibrous, elastic, blood, bone, cartilage
Where are simple squamous epithelium found?
alveoli in the lungs, capillary walls
What type of specific tissue is skin an example of?
stratified squamous epithelium
What kind of tissue is found in the bladder?
transitional epithelium which allows the bladder to fill and stretch without tearing.
Where is simple cuboidal epithelium tissue found?
follicles of the thyroid gland and the salivary glands (secrete saliva and thyroid hormone)
What are simple columnar epithelium tissues specialized for?
absorption and secretion
What cells produce mucus and where?
goblet cells in the intestines
What helps simple columnar epithelium absorb materials?
microvilli
What are the hairlike projections that line the nasal cavity?
cilia
What decreases the effectiveness of cilia?
smoking
What does areolar tissue connect in the subcutaneous layer?
skin to muscles
What do adipocytes do?
store fat and allow fat cells to expand when we eat
Which connective tissue can withstand the movement of joints?
fibrous such as tendons and ligaments
Where is elastic tissue found?
in the walls of large arteries and in the lungs
What is bone made of?
Osteocytes in a rigid matrix of calcium salts and collagen fibers.
What is cartilage made of?
Few chondrocytes in a flexible protein matrix.
Which tissue is specialized for movement and contraction?
muscle tissue
What kind of muscle attaches bone to bone?
skeletal muscle
What kind of muscle is found in the viscera?
smooth muscle
What is the muscle of the heart?
myocardium
What can cardiac muscles do on their own?
contract
What makes up a neuron?
a cell body, ONE axon and one or more dendrites
Do axons carry messages away or toward the cell body?
away
What type of fascia is located between muscles and the skin?
superficial
What is the fibrous covering over bones?
periosteum
What is the perichondrium?
the fibrous covering of cartilage
What lines joint cavities?
synovium
What is the function of deep fascia?
covers the skeletal muscles and helps to anchor tendons