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33 Cards in this Set

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ADVERB
A word that gives more information about "when, where, how or in" what circumstances something happens or to what degree something is true - e.g. "quickly, happily"
AUXILIARY VERB
a verb such as "be, have or do" used with a main verb to form tenses, negatives and questions
COMPARITIVE
an adjective/adverb that is used to compare people, things or actions - e.g. "slower, less important"
CONJUGATE (to)
an adjective/adverb that is used to compare people, things or actions - e.g. "slower, less important"
CONTINUOUS TENSE
a verb tense formed using "to be" and the "-ing" form of the main verb - e.g. "they're swimming" (present continuous), "he was eating" (past continuous)
DIRECT OBJECT
A noun or pronoun used with verbs to show who or what is acted on by the verb, e.g. he wrote a "letter"
GERUND
a verb form in english ending in "ing"
IMPERATIVE
a verb form used when giving orders or instructions - e.g. "Shut the door."
IMPERFECT
a verb tense used to talk about the past - e.g. "It was sunny", "I used to ..."
INFINITIVE
a verb form that DOES NOT have any endings added to it and doesn't relate to a tense - "to speak, to eat"
INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVE
A question word used witha noun - e.g. "what instruments, which shoes"
INTERROGATIVE PRONOUN
One of the words "Who, whose, whom, what and which" used instead of a noun.
IRREGULAR VERB
A verb whose forms do not follow a general pattern.
PASSIVE
a verb form where the subject is the person/thing affected by the action - e.g. "we were told"
PERFECT
a verb form used to talk about what has or hasn't happened
PERSONAL PRONOUN
"I, you, they" - used to refer to you, the people you are talking to or the people/things you are talking about
PLUPERFECT
verb tense to describe somthing that "had" happened or "had" been true. Also called past perfect.
PREPOSITION
word such as "as, at, for, with, into, from" usually followed by a noun/pronoun/gerund.
PRETERITE
verb form used to talk about actions that were completed in the past.
PRONOUN
a word used instead of a noun - e.g. "it, you, none"
PROPER NOUN
name of a person/place/thing. Always starts with a capital letter.
REFLEXIVE PRONOUN
a word ending in -self or -selves (myself/themselves) which refers back to the subject
REFLEXIVE VERB
a verb wher the subject and object are the same, and where the action 'reflects back' on the subject.
REGULAR VERB
a verb whose forms follow a general pattern or the normal rules
RELATIVE PRONOUN
a word such as "that, who or which" when it is used to link two parts of a sentence together.
SIMPLE TENSE
a verb tense in which the verb form is made up of one word from "to have" and a past participle or "to be" and a gerund - e.g. "She Plays"
SUBJECT
a noun/pronoun that refers to the person/thing doing the action or being in the state described by the verb.
SUBJECT PRONOUN
a word such as "I, he, she, they" which carries out the action described by the verb.
SUBJUNCTIVE
a verb form used to indicate feeling, show doubt about wheter something will happen or is true. Only occasionally used in English.
SUPERLATIVE
an adjective/adverb with -est on the end or most or least in front of it used to compare people/actions/things.
TENSE
a verb form that shows wheter you are referring to the past, present or future.
TRANSITIVE VERB
a type of verb that takes a direct object - e.g. "to spend", "to raise"
VERB
a doing word which describes what someone/something does, is or what happens to them