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45 Cards in this Set

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film treatment
Narrative description of film
shooting script
shot-by-shot detailed description of film, used when shooting the movie
storyboard
a series of sketches that lays out shots, like a comic strip. drawings of each shot and description shot below
frame
what the film is capturing (dividing line, of whats being filmed and what's not)
shot
basic unit of film structure; an unbroken strip of film
sequence
(scene) a few related shots unified with common location, or concern
establishing shot
long shot introducing the setting. often at the beginning of sequences/scenes.
long shot
far away view, sam distance as if going to the theater
medium shot
relatively close shot, revealing figure/person from knees or waist up
close shot
head shot; detailed, upclose view of person or object
low angle
filmed from below, looking up
high angle
filmed from above, looking down
one-shot (two, three)
one (etc.) figure in the shot usually at a medium distance
underexposure
not enough light, causing dark images
overexposure
too much light, causing bleached out, light images
fast/undercranked
film speed run slower than normal to make actions look faster
slow/overcranked
film speed run faster than normal to make actions look slower
rack focus
blurring, causing viewer's eyes to travel to in-focus areas of the frame. used to get your attention on what is important.
angle
camera's angle of view relative to the subject
pan
fixed camera rotating horizontally
dolly(tracking/trucking)
moving/mounted camera which follows action; may be on tracks for smooth movement
boom(crane)
mounted camera which moves any direction through space
zoom
fixed camera, but scene magnified equally
cut
simple break where two shots are joined together
crosscutting
cutting back and forth btw two or more separate scenes suggesting simultaneity and eventual convergence (hightens tension)
fade
gradual darkening of the image until it becomes black (fade-out) gradual brightening of a black screen until the picture becomes visible (fade-in)
dissolve
simultaneouly fading out on one shot while fading in on the next shot at the same time
iris
rare in contemporary cinema, a masking device placed over the camera lens will gradually open (iris-in) or close (iris-out) to widen or narrow the field of view.
wipe, fiip wipe
somewhat dated transition in which second shot appears to push/pull the first shot off the screen
matches
transitions within a scene to provide continuity of action: graphic matches, matches on action, eye-line matches
freeze frame
single frame is reprinted a number of times on the filmstip; when projected, it gives teh illusion of a still photograph
synchornous sound
image and sound correspond; recorded simultaneously, or seem so in the finished print. sound derives from an obvious source in the visuals.
M.O.S.
without sound; images but no sound (can build suspense)
dialogue
the spoken lines
voice over narration
nonsynchronous, spoken commentary, often used to convey a character's thoughts or memories
sound effects
aural atmosphere, sounds added to provide realism
music
musical score written by film's composer functions as commentary on action; directs audience's attention to specific characters or details, establishes mood
three-point lights
standard lighting setup
key light
chief, directional light sources above front, side rear
fill light
weaker light sources to fill in the shadows cast by the key light
back light
minor lights used to light the space between the characters and the back of the set, separates characters from background, lights important figures in the background
credits
who produced, directed, acted, and performed jobs of film's crew, contributors
rushes/dailies
selected footage of previous day's shooting, usually evaluated by director and cinematographer before start of next day's shooting
outtakes
pieces of film not used in the final cut; left over/unused footage
rough cut
crudely edited footage before ediotr tightens up slackness between shots; a rough draft