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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
CLARIFICATION
examiner's response used when the pt's word choice is ambiguous or confusing
CLOSED QUESTION
questions that ask for specific info; 1-2 word answer, yes/no, forced choice
DISTANCING
use of impersonal speech to put space btwn the self and a threat
EMPATHY
viewing the world from the other person's inner frame; accepting other person's feelings
INTERVIEW
meeting btwn examiner & pt with the goal of gathering a complete health history
JARGON
using med vocab with a pt
NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
message conveyed through body language
EXPLANATION
examiner's statements that inform the pt sharing factual & objective info
OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS
asks for longer narrative info; pt can answer in any way
SUMMARY
final review of what examiner understands pt has said
VERBAL COMMUNICATION
messages sent through spoken words
ABSTRACT REASONING
pondering a deeper meaning beyond the concrete & literal
ATTENTION
concentration, ability to focus
CONCSIOUSNESS
being aware of one's own existence
LANGUAGE
using the voice to communicate one's thoughts and feelings
MEMORY
ability to lay down and store experiences and perceptions for later recall
MOOD
prolonged display of a person's feelings
ORIENTATION
awareness of the objective world in relation to the self
PERCEPTIONS
awareness of objects through any of the five senses
THOUGHT CONTENT
what the person thinks
THOUGHT PROCESS
the way a person thinks
AMPLITUDE
intensity; how loud/soft a sound is
DURATION
length of time a note lingers
NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION
infection inquired during hospitalization
OPHTHALMOSCOPE
instrument that illuminates the internal eye structures
OTOSCOPE
instrument that illuminates the ear canal
PITCH
frequency; number of vibrations per second
QUALITY
subjective difference in a sound due to the sound's distinctive overtones
AUSCULTATORY GAP
brief time period when korotkoff's sounds disappear during auscultation of blood pressure ; common with hypertension
BRADYCARDIA
HR < 60 beats/min
SPHYGMOMANOMETER
instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure
STROKE VOLUME
amount of blood pumped out of the heart with each heartbeat
TACHYCARDIA
HR > 100 beats/min
ALOPECIA
baldness; hair loss
CYANOSIS
dusky blue color to skin or mucous membranes
ERYTHEMA
intense redness of the skin
EXCORIATION
self-inflicted abrasion on skin due to scratching
FISSURE
linear crack in skin extending into dermis
JAUNDICE
yellow color to skin, palate, sclera due to excess bilirubin in blood
KELOID
hypertrophic scar, elevated beyond site of original injury
NEVUS
mole; skin lesion due to melanocytes
PALLOR
excessively pale, whitish pink color
PETECHIA
a minute reddish or purplish spot containing blood that appears in skin or mucous membrane as a result of localized hemorrhage
PRURITUS
itching
PURPURA
red-purple skin lesion due to blood in tissues from breaks in blood vessels
TELANGIECTASIS
skin lesion due to permanently enlarged and dilated blood vessels that are visible
ULCER
sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue that causes a deep depression in skin, extending into dermis
DIAPHORESIS
excessive sweating
ECCHYMOSIS
bruise