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1510 Cards in this Set

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intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
intrepid
fearless
intrinsic
essential; inherent; built-in
n introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
introvert
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
n intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
intuition
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
inundate
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
s overwhelm
(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief
s submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
s engulf
surround and swallow up
n inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
invalidate
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
s invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
invective
abuse
n inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
n inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
inverse
opposite
invert
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
inveterate
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
n invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
invincible
unconquerable
n inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
n invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
n invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
invulnerable
incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
iota
very small quantity
n irascible
irritable; easily angered
n irate
angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath
n iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
irksome
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
ironic
expressing irony; occurring in an unexpected and contrary manner
n irony
hidden sarcasm or satire; use of words that seem to mean the opposite of what they actually mean; use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
irreconcilable
impossible to reconcile; incompatible; not able to be resolved
irrefutable
indisputable; incontrovertible; undeniable
irrelevant
not applicable; unrelated
irremediable
incurable; uncorrectable; impossible to remedy
irreparable
not able to be corrected or repaired; impossible to repair
irrepressible
unable to be restrained or held back; impossible to hold back
irreproachable
beyond reproach; blameless; impeccable; Ex. irreproachable conduct
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
s indecisive
marked by indecision; inconclusive; Ex. indecisive battle
s indecision
irresolution; inability to make up one's mind
irretrievable
impossible to recover or regain; CF. retrieve
irreverence
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
intrepid
fearless
intrinsic
essential; inherent; built-in
n introspective
looking within oneself; N. introspection: self-examination
introvert
one who is introspective or inclined to think more about oneself; ADJ. introverted
n intrude
put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one's own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in
intuition
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning; ADJ. intuitive; V. intuit: know by intuition
inundate
flood; overflow; submerge; cover completely; Ex. inundated with work
s overwhelm
(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief
s submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
s engulf
surround and swallow up
n inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
invalidate
weaken; destroy; make invalid; nullify
s invalid
one incapacitated(disabled) by a chronic illness; ADJ: incapacitated by illness; not valid; null; V: allow to leave (a military force) because of ill-health
invective
abuse
n inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
n inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
inverse
opposite
invert
turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position or condition of
inveterate
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
n invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
invincible
unconquerable
n inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation(or profanation); unassailable; Ex. inviolable oath/rights; N. inviolability
n invoke
call and bring into use (a right or law); call on/upon (a higher power or god) for help; ask for; beg for; conjure (a spirit); Ex. invoke the veto power; Ex. invoke one's advisor/God
invulnerable
incapable of injury; impossible to damage or injure
iota
very small quantity
n irascible
irritable; easily angered
n irate
angry; CF. ire: anger; wrath
n iridescent
exhibiting rainbowlike colors; Ex. iridescent oil slick; N. iridescence
irksome
annoying; tedious; V. irk: annoy
irrevocable
unalterable; irreversible; impossible to revoke
isotope
varying from of an element
n isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
n itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
n itinerary
plan of a trip; record of a trip
n jabber
chatter rapidly or unintelligibly
s jab
poke abruptly with something sharp; punch with short blows
n jaded
tired or uninterested by surfeit; fatigued; surfeited; worn out; wearied; Ex. jaded appetite
jargon
language used by special group; technical terminology; gibberish; nonsensical or incoherent talk
n jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
s jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
n jaunt
trip; short journey
n jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
jeopardize
endanger; imperil; put at risk; N. jeopardy: danger
n jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
n jibe
agree; be in harmony with; gibe
jingoist
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
n jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
n jocular
said or done in jest or playfully; marked by joking
s jest
playful remark or act; V. act or speak playfully
n jocund
merry
n jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
n jostle
shove; bump; push against (someone) rather roughly; Ex. jostled by the crowds
s shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
s bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
n jovial
good-natured; merry; cheerful
jubilation
rejoicing; great joy
judicious
sound on judgment; wise
n juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
s jug
pitcher; container for holding liquids
n juncture
crisis; point in time; joining point; joint; act of joining
n junket
trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense
n junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
n jurisprudence
science of law
s jurisdiction
right and power to apply the law; authority
s juridical
of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary
n juxtapose
place side by side; CF. next
n kaleidoscope
tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. kaleidoscope of European history; CF. beautiful
n ken
range of knowledge; Ex. beyond one's ken
kernel
central or vital part; core; whole seed (as of corn)
n killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
s grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
s spoilsport
one who spoils the pleasure of others
kindle
start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse
n kindred
related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship
kinetic
producing motion; of motion
n kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
n kleptomaniac
person who has a compulsive desire to steal
n knave
untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery
n knead
mix; work dough; mix and work into a uniform mass (with the hands); Ex. knead dough
n knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
s toll
sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals; N: sound of a bell; fixed tax or charge
s curfew
regulation requiring all people to leave the streets at stated times; signal (as a bell) announcing the hour of a curfew
n knit
contract into wrinkles; grow together; join together closely; make (a fabric or garment) by interwining yarn or thread; Ex. knit the brow; Ex. The bones should knit together in a few weeks.
s crochet
make (a piece of needlework) by looping thread with a hooked needle; N. CF. crotchet
n knoll
little round hill; hillock
n knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
n kudos
honor; glory; acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement
s entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
n labile
likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
She is totally LABILE
laborious
demanding much work or care; tedious
labyrinth
maze
n laceration
torn ragged wound; V. lacerate: tear (the skin as with broken glass); wound
s rip
tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.
s rag
scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance
n lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
n lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort; lacking purpose or zest; lazy; halfhearted; languid
s halfhearted
exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm
n lackluster
lacking luster(shine; gloss); dull
n laconic
brief and to the point; using few words; terse
n laggard
slow; sluggish; N: one who lags; straggler
s lag
move or develop more slowly; straggle; Ex. lag behind the rest; N.
s straggle
stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch
n lagoon
shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs
n laity
laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
n laity
laypersons; laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
s layman
man who is not a cleric; man who is nonprofessional
lament
grieve; express sorrow; N. lamentation
n lampoon
ridicule; N: written attack ridiculing or satirizing a person, group, or institution
n lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
s lance
pierce with a lance; cut into; N: spearlike weapon
languid
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
languish
lose animation or strength
languor
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
n lank
long and thin; Ex. Lank, gaunt, Abraham Lincoln
n lap
take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently; Ex. waves lapping the shore; N: front area from the waist to the knees of a seated person
n larceny
theft; Ex. petit larceny
n larder
pantry; place where food is kept
n largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
lascivious
lustful
s lust
intense sexual desire; intense eagerness; V.
n lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
latent
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
lateral
of or coming from the side
n latitude
freedom from narrow limitations
laud
praise; N. ADJ. laudable: praiseworthy; ADJ. laudatory: expressing praise
n lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
n lax
careless; negligent; not paying enough attention; Ex. lax service
n leaven
add leaven to; cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven; N: agent, such as yeast, that causes dough to rise (by fermentation); element that lightens or enlivens
s enliven
make lively or spirited; animate
lechery
gross lewdness; lustfulness; ADJ. lecherous; N. lecher: lecherous man
n lectern
reading desk or stand for a public speaker
n leery
(of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious
n leeway
room to move; margin; latitude; Ex. leeway for the deadline
s margin
border; room; allowance beyond what is needed; Ex. margin of safety
s marginal
of a margin; barely within a limit; Ex. marginal effect/writing ability
legacy
gift made by a will; something handed down from an ancestor
legend
explanatory list of symbols on a map
n legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of and
leniency
mildness; permissiveness; ADJ. lenient: not severe in judgment or punishment
s permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
leonine
like a lion
lethal
deadly
lethargic
drowsy; dull; N. lethargy: state of sluggishness and inactivity
n levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding; CF. raise
n levitate
rise and float in the air (especially by magical means); CF. light
levity
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
n levy
impose (a fine); collect (a payment); impose or collect (a tax); Ex. levy a tax on tobacco
lewd
lustful
n lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
n lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary; CF. lexicography: work of compiling a dictionary
n lexicon
dictionary
n liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)
liaison
contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between; secret love affair; V. liaise: keep a connection
libel
defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
n libertine
debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou\'e; CF. free
s rou\'e
lecherous man
libidinous
lustful
n libido
psychic and emotional energy or urges behind human activity; sexual desire
n libretto
text of an opera or oratorio; CF. book
licentious
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
s license
official or legal permission; latitude of action or speech; excessive freedom that causes harm or damage; V.
n lien
legal claim or right on a property
n ligneous
like wood
n lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
n limber
flexible; supple; pliable; V.
n limbo
region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
s abode
dwelling place; home
s abide
dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people.
n limn
draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?
n limpid
crystal clear
lineage
descent; ancestry
n lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
s feature
distinctive part of the faces (as the eyes or mouth); features: overall appearance of the face; prominent or distinctive quality; prominent article; film; V: make prominent
s linger
loiter or dawdle; be slow in leaving; delay going; continue or persist; be slow to disappear; Ex. The smell lingered for days.
s persist
continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; Ex. persist in/with something; ADJ. persistent
s lionize
treat (a person) as a celebrity
s liquidate
settle accounts; pay off (a debt); clear up; eliminate; kill or abolish
s list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
listless
lacking in spirit or energy; languid
n litany
supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words
n lithe
flexible; supple; CF. limber
s willowy
flexible; pliant; slender; CF. willow
n litigation
lawsuit; N. litigant: one party in a lawsuit; V. litigate
n litotes
understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
s understate
state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate
n livid
lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry
n loath
reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
loathe
detest; ADJ. loathsome: arousing loathing; offensive; Ex. loathsome smell
n lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
lofty
very high
s loft
room or space under the roof; attic
log
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
loiter
hang about/around; stand idly about; linger
n loll
lounge about
s lounge
stand, sit, or lie in a lazy, relaxed way
longevity
long life; long duration
n loom
appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
s gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
s noose
loop formed in a rope
n lope
gallop slowly
loquacious
talkative; N. loquacity
n lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
n low
moo; make the sound of a cow
s lubricate
apply a lubricant to; N. lubricant: substance that reduces friction
lucid
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
lucrative
profitable; producing wealth
n lucre
money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre
s filth
dirty matter; ADJ. filthy
n ludicrous
laughable; ridiculous; trifling
n lugubrious
mournful; sorrowful
n lull
moment of calm; period of reduced activity; Ex. a lull in the rain; V: cause to become less active; cause to sleep or rest; Ex. lull the opponents into a false sense of security; CF. lullaby
n lumber
move heavily or clumsily; Ex. The bear lumbered through the woods; N: timber
n lumen
unit of light energy (one candle's worth)
n luminary
celebrity (in a specific field); dignitary; object that gives light (as a celestial body)
s dignitary
person of high rank or position
n luminous
shining (esp. in the dark); issuing light; Ex. luminous paint/road signs
lunar
pertaining to the moon
s lunatic
insane; Ex. lunatic asylum
n lurid
wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; Ex. lurid details of the murder
n lurk
stealthily lie in waiting; slink; exist unperceived
s slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
n luscious
pleasing to taste or smell; delicious
n luster
shine; gloss (of a polished surface)
n lustrous
shining; brilliant; Ex. lustrous hair
n luxuriant
abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; Ex. luxuriant forests/prose; CF. luxurious, luxuriate
n macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
s morgue
mortuary; place where bodies are kept before burial or cremation
s cremate
incinerate (a corpse); N. crematory, crematorium
n mace
ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon
n Machiavellian
crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power
n machinations
evil schemes or plots; schemes or plots to achieve an evil end; V. machinate
n maculated
spotted; stained; CF. immaculate
n madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
n maelstrom
violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
n magisterial
authoritative; imperious; commanding; of a magistrate; Ex. magisterial study of Roman law; Ex. magisterial manner
s magistrate
official with power to administer the law
magnanimity
generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous
n magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
magniloquent
boastful; pompous
magnitude
greatness (in size or extent); extent
n maim
mutilate; injure lastingly; disable; cripple; Ex. maimed for life
s mangle
tear or cut to pieces; mutilate or disfigure; Ex. badly mangled bodies
maladroit
clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
malady
illness
n malaise
uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)
n malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
s malapropos
inappropriate; ADV.
malcontent
person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs; discontented person; ADJ: discontented
malediction
curse
malefactor
evildoer; criminal
s maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
malevolent
wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence
n malfeasance
wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
malicious
hateful; spiteful; expressing malice; N. malice: desire to harm others; spite
malign
speak evil of; bad-mouth(criticize spitefully); defame; ADJ: harmful; Ex. malign influence
malignant
tending to cause death; highly injurious; aggressively malevolent; Ex. malignant tumor
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
n malleable
(of a metal) capable of being shaped by pounding(beating); pliable; (of someone) impressionable(easily influenced); easily controlled; tractable
malodorous
foul-smelling
s compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer; V: put or make compost
s vertebrate
having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
s suckle
give or take milk at the breast or udder
s nurse suckle;
take care of (as a nurse); bear in mind; Ex. nursing mother; Ex. nurse a hope/grudge against someone
mammoth
gigantic; enormous
manacle
restrain; handcuff; N.
n mandate
order; charge; authoritative command; power to govern another country; power to given to a government; region under administration; V: give a mandate to; place under a mandate; Ex. mandated territory
mandatory
obligatory; compulsory; of a mandate
n mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
s mange
skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair
maniacal
raging mad; insane; N. maniac: insane person; CF. mania: disorder of the mind; intense enthusiasm
manifest
evident; visible; obvious; V: show plainly
n manifestation
outward demonstration; manifesting; indication of the presence of something; Ex. manifestation of his pronounced musical bent
s pronounced
distinct; very noticeable; Ex. pronounced limp
manifesto
public declaration of principles; statement of policy
n manifold
many in number or kind; numerous; varied
n manipulate
operate with one's hands; control or play upon (people, forces, etc.) artfully; maneuver; Ex. how to manipulate publicity and men; ADJ. manipulative
n mannered
affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech
s mannerism
distinctive behavioral trait; affected style in art (according to a set of styles)
n manumit
emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
marital
pertaining to marriage
n maritime
bordering on(adjacent to) the sea; nautical; of the ships or the sea; Ex. Maritime Provinces
marked
noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
n marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
n marshal
put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official
s enlist
(cause to) join the armed forces; obtain (help, sympathy, or support)
n marsupial
one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch(pocket of skin or leather); CF. kangaroo, opossum, wombat
martial
warlike; of war; Ex. martial art/law
s cadet
student at a military school
n martinet
strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
martyr
one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or cause; great sufferer; Ex. martyr to his rheumatism
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
n masticate
chew
materialism
preoccupation with physical comforts and things; excessive regard for worldly concerns (rather than spiritual matters)
maternal
motherly; N. maternity: motherhood
matriarch
woman who rules a family or larger social group
n matriculate
enroll (in college or graduate school); CF. matrix
n matrix
point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization
n maudlin
effusively sentimental
s sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
n maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
n mausoleum
monumental tomb; large stately tomb; CF. Mausolos
n mauve
pale purple
n maverick
rebel; nonconformist (in a group)
n mawkish
mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
maxim
proverb; truth pithily stated
n mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
meager
scanty; inadequate
n mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
n meander
wind or turn in its course; follow a winding or turning course; move aimlessly and idly
n meddlesome
interfering; V. meddle: interfere
mediate
settle a dispute through the services of an outsider; act as an intermediary; produce by mediating; Ex. mediate a cease-fire
s intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
mediocre
ordinary; commonplace; neither good nor bad
meditation
reflection; thought; V. meditate
medium
element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substance through which something else is transmitted
n medley
mixture
n meek
submissive; patient and long-suffering
s suitor
man who is courting a woman
n megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
melancholy
gloomy; morose; blue; N. ADJ. melancholic; CF. melancholia
s blue
gloomy; depressed
melee
fight
n mellifluous
(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune
n memento
token; reminder of the past; keepsake; Ex. memento of your visit
memorialize
commemorate
s memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
n menagerie
collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
n mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
n mendicant
beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
s alms
money or goods given to the poor
n menial
suitable for servants; lowly; mean; N: someone who does menial work (esp. servant in a house)
n mentor
counselor; teacher
n mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
mercenary
motivated solely by money or gain; N.
n mercurial
capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
s quicksilver
mercury
n meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
s vulgar
of the common people; deficient in refinement; not refined; coarse; Ex. vulgar display of wealth; N. vulgarism: vulgarity; crudely indecent word; CF. vulgarian: vulgar person; boor; lout
n merger
combination (of two business corporations); act of merging
n mesmerize
hypnotize; N. mesmerism; CF. Franz Mesmer
n metallurgical
pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
metamorphosis
change of form; Ex. metamorphosis of caterpillar to butterfly; V. metamorphose: change by metamorphosis
metaphor
implied comparison; CF. simile
s soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
metaphysical
pertaining to speculative philosophy; of metaphysics; N. metaphysics: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality
n mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
meteoric
like a meteor; swift; momentarily brilliant; Ex. meteoric rise to fame; N. meteor
methodical
systematic; N. method: systematic method of procedure
meticulous
excessively careful (with great attention to detail); painstaking; scrupulous
metropolis
large city
n mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
n miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
s swamp
wetland; marsh; V: flood; overwhelm; drench in with liquid
microcosm
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
s miniature
small model; small painting; ADJ: small
migrant
changing its habitat; wandering; Ex. migrant birds/workers; N: one that migrates
migratory
wandering; V. migrate: move from one region and settle in another; move periodically from one region to another
n milieu
social environment; means of expression; Ex. feel out of one's milieu; Ex. His proper milieu is watercolor.
militant
combative; bellicose; N.
n militate
work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
s militia
army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
millennium
thousand-year period (as in the New Testament); hoped-for period of happiness and prosperity
mimicry
imitation
s mime
pantomime(act without dialogue); mimicry; mimer; V: mimic; pantomime
n minatory
menacing; threatening
n mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
s dainty
delicate; delicately beautiful; fastidious; not easy to please; Ex. dainty movement/dress
s exquisite
delicate; very finely made; extremely beautiful; Ex. exquisite piece of jewelry
s choice
delicate; of very fine quality
n minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
n minuscule(miniscule)
extremely small
minute
extremely small; CF. minutes: official record of the proceedings at a meeting
n minutiae
petty or trivial details; CF. minutia
mirage
unreal reflection; optical illusion
n mire
entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
n mirth
merriment; laughter
n misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
misanthrope
one who hates mankind; misanthropist
s vile
despicable; unpleasant; disgusting; Ex. vile slander
misapprehension
misunderstanding; V. misapprehend
error;
miscellany
mixture of writings on various subjects; collection of various items
s miscellaneous
made up of a variety of parts
n mischance
ill luck
misconstrue
interpret incorrectly; misinterpret; misjudge
n miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
s wretch
miserable person; bad or despicable person; ADJ. wretched: miserable; bad; contemptible; vile
misdemeanor
minor crime; misdeed; wrongdoing
s misconduct
immoral behavior; bad management; V.
miserly
stingy; mean
n misgivings
doubts
n mishap
unfortunate accident
n misnomer
wrong or improper name; incorrect designation
misogamy
hatred of marriage
misogynist
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
missile
object to be thrown or projected
n missive
letter; written statement; CF. sent
n mite
very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
mitigate
appease; moderate; make or become less in force or intensity
n mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
mobile
movable; not fixed; N. mobility
n mock
ridicule; deride; imitate often in derision
mode
prevailing style; current fashion; manner; way of doing something; Ex. in the latest mode; Ex. simple mode of life
n modicum
limited quantity; small amount; Ex. He does not have a modicum of sense; CF. moderate
n modish
fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
n modulate
tone down in intensity; change the intensity or tone of; regulate; change from one musical key to another; Ex. modulate from E to G
n mogul
powerful person; Ex. oil moguls; CF. Mogol, Moghul; CF. Mongolian
molecule
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
n mollify
soothe an angry person
n mollycoddle
pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
n molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
n molten
melted; Ex. molten lava
momentous
very important; N. moment; CF. momentary
momentum
quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus; moving force
monarchy
government under a single ruler
monastic
related to monks or monasteries; removed from worldly concerns
monetary
pertaining to money
monochromatic
having only one color
s monochrome
painting in only one color; ADJ.
s monogram
design composed of one or more initials of a name; V.
s monograph
scholarly article
n monolithic
solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
monotheism
belief in one God
monotony
sameness leading to boredom; monotonousness; ADJ. monotonous; CF. monotone
n monumental
massive; impressively large; built as a monument
n moodiness
fits of depression or gloom; ADJ. moody: given to changeable moods; subject to periods of depression; gloomy CF. mood: state of mind or emotion
n moratorium
legal delay of payment or action; Ex. declare moratorium on the building of new houses
n morbid
given to unwholesome or unhealthy thought; moody; characteristic of disease; Ex. morbid curiosity; N. morbidity; CF. disease
n mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
n mores
conventions; moral standards; moral customs
n moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
n morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
n mortician
undertaker; CF. death
s undertaker
funeral director; one whose business is to arrange burials
n mortify
humiliate by embarassing excessively; shame; punish the flesh; discipline (one's body) by self-denial; Ex. mortified by her blunder; Ex. mortify the flesh; CF. cause to die
mosaic
picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles; ADJ.
n mote
small speck (esp. of dust)
s speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
n motif
theme; recurrent thematic element in a musical or literary work; single or repeated pattern; figure
n motility
ability to move spontaneously; ADJ. motile: moving spontaneously
n motley
multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)
s motto
brief statement used to express a principle
n mottled
blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
s blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
s blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
n mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
s peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
n muddle
confuse; mix up confusedly; N: state of confusion
n muggy
(of weather) warm and damp
n mulct
defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
n multifarious
varied; greatly diversified; Ex. multifarious activities
multiform
having many forms
multilingual
having many languages; fluent in several languages
multiplicity
state of being numerous or multiple; large number; Ex. multiplicity of details; ADJ. multiple: of more than one element
n mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday; of the ordinary; Ex. mundane existence; CF. world
n munificent
very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience
n mural
wall painting
n murky
dark and gloomy; thick with fog; vague; Ex. murky night/fog; N. murk: partial or complete darkness; gloom
n muse
ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet)
n musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
n muster
gather; assemble (troops); Ex. muster up one's strength for the ordeal; N.
n musty
stale (in odor or taste); spoiled by age; CF. moist
mutablility
ability to change in form; fickleness; ADJ. mutable: able to change; fickle; CF. mutate; CF. mutant
muted
silent; muffled; toned down; Ex. muted traffic noise
s mute
silent; without speech; not pronounced; unable to speak; N: one who is incapable of speech; V: soften the sound, color, shade of
n mutilate
maim; injure lastingly; deprive of a limb or an essential part
n mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebellion; CF. mutineer
n myopic
nearsighted; lacking foresight; N. myopia
n myriad
very large number; ADJ. CF. ten thousand
n nadir
lowest point; point on the celestial sphere diametrically opposite the zenith
naivet\'e(naivety)
quality of being unsophisticated; simplicity; artlessness; gullibility; ADJ. naive(na\"ive): ingenuous; lacking worldliness; simple; credulous
narcissist
conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus
narrative
related to telling a story; N: narrated account; story; V. narrate: tell (a story); CF. narration
n nascent
incipient; coming into being or existence; Ex. nascent ability in music
natation
swimming
n natty
neatly or smartly dressed; dapper; smart; Ex. natty dresser
s smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
nauseate
cause to become sick; fill with disgust; fill nausea
s nausea
feeling of sickness and desire to vomit; disgust; CF. seasickness
s nauseous
causing nausea; feeling nausea
nautical
pertaining to ships or navigation
n navigable
(of a body of water) wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; (of a ship or aircraft) able to be steered
n nebulous
vague; hazy; cloudy; of a nebula; Ex. nebulous proposal
s nebula
diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy
n necromancy
black magic; sorcery; dealings with the dead; art that professes to communicate with the spirits of the dead so as to predict the future; CF. necromancer; CF. necro+divination; CF. necro-: death; Ex. necropolis
n nefarious
very wicked
negate
cancel out; nullify; cause to have no effect; deny; N. negation
negligence
neglect; failure to take reasonable care; ADJ. negligent: neglectful; lax; not taking enough care
negligible
so small, trifling, or unimportant as to be easily disregarded
nemesis
someone seeking revenge; source of downfall or ruin; CF. Nemesis
n neologism
new or newly coined word or phrase
n neophyte
recent convert; new member of a religious group; beginner; CF. plant
n nepotism
favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew
s favoritism
display of partiality toward a favored person
n nether
lower; Ex. nether garments/regions
n nettle
irritate; annoy; vex; ADJ. nettlesome
n nexus
connection
n nib
beak(bill); pen point
n nicety
precision; accuracy; minute distinction or difference; Ex. to a nicety: exactly; precisely; Ex. distinguish between niceties
n niggardly
meanly stingy; parsimonious; N. niggard: stingy person
n niggle
spend too much time on minor points (esp. when finding fault); find fault; Ex. niggle over details; ADJ. niggling
n nihilist
one who considers traditional beliefs to be groundless and existence meaningless; absolute skeptic; revolutionary terrorist; CF. nihilism: belief that nothing has meaning or value; belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement
n nip
snip off; stop something's growth or development; bite; make numb with cold; Ex. nip the plan; Ex. A guard dog nipped the postman; Ex. fingers nipped by the extreme chill
s snip
short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors
s pinch
squeeze between the thumb and a finger, or other edges; Ex. I had to pinch myself to make sure I wasn't dreaming. N: amount that can be held between the thumb and a finger
n nirvana
in Buddhist teachings, the ideal state in which the individual loses himself in the attainment of an impersonal beatitude
s impersonal
not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization
nocturnal
done or active at night; Ex. nocturnal animals/raids; CF. nocturne
n noisome
foul smelling; very unpleasant; unwholesome
nomadic
wandering; N. nomad: tribe who migrates from place to place
nomenclature
terminology(system of specialized words); system of names or naming things
nominal
in name only; of a name; trifling; (of a sum of money) very small; CF. nominate: propose as a candidate; appoint
n nonchalance
indifference; lack of concern; composure; ADJ. nonchalant: unconcerned; cool; indifferent; Ex. nonchalant attitude to his debts
noncommittal
neutral; refusing commitment to a particular opinion; unpledged; undecided
n nondescript
undistinctive; ordinary; ordinary-looking; Ex. nondescript fellow in a crowd
nonentity
person of no importance; nonexistence
n nonplus
put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex; CF. no more
nostalgia
homesickness; longing for the past; Ex. nostalgia for the clothes of 1920s; ADJ. nostalgic
n nostrum
questionable medicine; quack medicine; CF. our (remedy)
notable
conspicuous; worthy of note; remarkable; important; distinguished; noted
notoriety
disrepute; ill fame
s nova
star that suddenly becomes much brighter and then returns to its original brightness
n novelty
something new; newness; ADJ. novel: new; original
novice
beginner
noxious
harmful; CF. obnoxious
n nuance
shade of slight difference in meaning or color; subtle distinction
s shade
slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey
s gradation
series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression
n nubile
marriageable; of marriageable age; CF. connubial
n nugatory
worthless; futile
nullify
make invalid; make null; invalidate
n numismatist
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
n nuptial
related to marriage or the wedding ceremony; N. nuptials: wedding ceremony
n nurture
nourish; feed; educate; rear; care for while it is growing or developing; foster; cultivate; N: something that nourishes; rearing
n nutrient
nourishing substance; ADJ: providing nourishment
s nutrition
process of nourishing or being nourished; CF. malnutrition
s nutritious
providing nourishment
s nourish
provide with food necessary for life and growth
s nourishment
something that nourishes; food
n oaf
stupid awkward person; CF. elf
obdurate
stubborn; refusing to change one's belief
obeisance
bow (to show respect and obedience)
obelisk
tall column tapering(becoming gradually narrower toward the end) and ending in a pyramid
obese
excessively fat; N. obesity
n obfuscate
confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex; make so confused as to be difficult to understand
n obituary
death notice (esp. in a newspaper); ADJ.
objective
not influenced by emotions; fair; N: goal; aim
obligatory
binding; required; compulsory; V. oblige: constrain; make grateful; do a favor; accommodate
oblique
indirect; slanting (deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line); Ex. oblique reference
obliterate
destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village
oblivion
obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness
n oblivious
inattentive or unmindful; unaware; wholly absorbed; forgetful(having the habit of forgetting)
obloquy
slander; disgrace; infamy
n obnoxious
offensive; disagreeable; Ex. obnoxious smell
obscure
dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
obsequious
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
s slavish
of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; Ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original
obsequy
funeral ceremony
obsessive
related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively
obsidian
black volcanic rock
s scion
detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant
obsolete
outmoded; no longer used
obstinate
stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
obstreperous
boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable
n obtrude
push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; impose (oneself or one's ideas) on others; butt in; stick out or extrude; thrust out; Ex. obtrude A on B; ADJ. obtrusive; N. obtrusion; CF. unobtrusive
obtuse
blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding
obviate
make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
Occident
the West
n occlude
shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.
occult
mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare
oculist
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
n odious
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
n odium
detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)
n odoriferous
giving off an odor
odorous
having an odor
n odyssey
long, eventful, adventurous journey
offensive
attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense: offending; violating of a moral or social code; crime; attack; Ex. first offense
offhand
casual; done without prior thought or preparation
n officious
meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy
s pushy
disagreeably aggressive
n ogle
look at amorously; make eyes at; Ex. old men ogling young girls
n olfactory
concerning the sense of smell
oligarchy
government by a privileged few
ominous
threatening; of an evil omen
s threat
sign or warning (of coming danger); Ex. threat of rain; V: express a threat; give warning of (something bad); Ex. The cloud threatens rain.
omnipotent
all-powerful; having unlimited power
omnipresent
universally present; ubiquitous
omniscient
all-knowing
omnivorous
eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything
n onerous
burdensome
n onomatopoeia
words formed in imitation of natural sounds
s rustle
make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together
onslaught
vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
s slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
n onus
burden; responsibility
s spare
give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time
n opalescent
iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence
opaque
dark; not transparent; N. opacity
opiate
medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium
opportune
timely; well-chosen
opportunist
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
n opprobrium
infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous
optimist
person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
optimum
most favorable; optimal; N: most favorable condition
optional
not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options
optometrist
one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
opulence
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant
n opus
work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera
n oracular
of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; N. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle
orator
public speaker
oratorio
dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata
n ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
ordeal
severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction
ordinance
decree; authoritative order
n ordination
ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest
n orgy
wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
orient
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
orientation
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
n orifice
mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth
ornate
excessively or elaborately decorated
n ornithologist
scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds
orthodox
traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine
n orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
n osseous
made of bone; bony
n ossify
change or harden into bone; become hard and unchanging in one's ideas