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250 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
grudging
unwilling; reluctant; stingy(giving reluctantly)
gruel
thin liquid porridge
grueling
exhausting; Ex. grueling marathon race
gruesome
grisly; horrible
gruff
rough-mannered; (of a voice) rough; hoarse
grumble
complain; mutter discontentedly; grouch; N.
grunt
utter a deep guttural sound (as a pig does); N.
guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
guile
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
guileless
without deceit
guise
outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise
gull
trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe
gullible
easily deceived
gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
gust
strong abrupt rush of wind; V. CF. bluster
gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
gusto
eager enjoyment; zest; enthusiasm
gusty
windy
guy
cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide
gyroscope
apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.
habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
hackles
hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
haggle
argue about prices (in an attempt to bargain)
hail
frozen rain drop; V: salute or greet; precipitate hail
halcyon
calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days
hale
healthy
halfhearted
exhibiting little interest or enthusiasm
hallowed
blessed; consecrated; Ex. hallowed ground; V. hallow: set apart as holy
hallucination
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived; V. hallucinate; ADJ. hallucinatory
halting
hesitant; faltering; not fluent; Ex. halting steps/voice; V. halt: proceed or act with uncertainty; falter; hesitate; waver; stop
hamper
obstruct; prevent the free movement of; N: ????? ?? ?? ?? ???
handsome
large in quantity; generous; Ex. handsome reward
hap
chance; luck
haphazard
random; by chance; happening in an unplanned manner; Ex. haphazard growth of the town
hapless
unfortunate; luckless
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
harass
annoy by repeated attacks
harbinger
forerunner (which foreshadows what is to come)
harbor
give protection (by giving food and shelter); provide a refuge for; hide; keep in mind (thoughts or feelings); Ex. harbor a grudge/criminal; N: place of shelter; refuge
hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
harping
tiresome dwelling on a subject; V. harp: dwell on(think or speak a lot about) tediously
harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
harry
harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid
hatch
deck opening; lid covering a deck opening; V: emerge from an egg; produce (young) from an egg
haughtiness
pride; arrogance; ADJ. haughty
haunt
(of a spirit) visit (a place); come to mind continually; visit (a place) regularly; frequent; Ex. haunted house; Ex. haunted by his last words; N: place much frequented
haven
place of safety; refuge; harbor; Ex. tax haven
havoc
widespread damage; disorder; chaos
hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
hazardous
dangerous
hazy
slightly obscure; misty; unclear; N. haze: light mist or smoke; confused state of mind
headfirst
moving with the head leading; headlong
headlong
hasty; rash; headfirst; ADV.
headstrong
willful; stubborn; unyielding; determined to have one's own way; CF. no 'excessive'
healthful
conducive to good health; Ex. healthful mountain air
healthy
possessing good health; healthful
heckler
person who verbally harasses others; V. heckle: verbally harass as with gibes (by interrupting a speaker or speech)
hedonist
one who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life; CF. hedonism: practice of living one's life purely for pleasure
heed
pay attention to; N: close attention
heedless
not noticing; disregarding
hegemony
dominance especially of one nation over others
heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
helm
steering wheel of a ship; position of control
hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
herald
messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher
herbivorous
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
herd
group of animals; crowd; one who looks after a herd; Ex. shepherd/goatherd; Ex. herd instinct; Ex. herdsman; V: come together in a herd; look after a herd; Ex. herd cattle
hereafter
life after death
heresy
opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion; ADJ. heretical; CF. heretic
hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight
hermetic
concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult
hermitage
home of a hermit
herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
heterodox
(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional
heterogeneous
dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants
hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
heyday
time of greatest success or power; prime
hiatus
gap; pause; gap or interruption in space or time; break
hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
hibernate
sleep throughout the winter; N. hibernation
hide
skin of an animal
hideous
repulsive to the sight; ugly; repugnant; Ex. hideous face/scream
hierarchy
arrangement by rank or standing; authoritarian body divided into ranks; body of persons having authority
hieroglyphic
picture writing; ADJ.
high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
hilarity
boisterous mirth(merriment; laughter); ADJ. hilarious: full of laughter
hindmost
furthest behind; farthest to the rear
hindrance
block; obstacle; V. hinder
hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
historic
important in history; Ex. historic battle
historical
connected with history; based on events in history (whether regarded as important or not)
histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
hoard
stockpile; accumulate for future use; N: supply stored for future use
hoary
white with age
hoax
trick which makes someone take action; practical joke; Ex. hoax mail; V.
holocaust
destruction by fire; CF. burnt whole; CF. Holocaust
holster
leather pistol case (that hangs on a belt around the waist)
homage
honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to
homely
not good-looking; unattractive
homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
homespun
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
homogeneous
of the same kind; uniform in composition throughout
hone
sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool
hoodwink
deceive; delude
horde
crowd; swarm
horoscope
diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers
hortatory
encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort
horticultural
pertaining to cultivation of gardens; N. horticulture: science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants; CF. agriculture: science or art of farming or growing crops
hostage
person who is kept as a prisoner by an enemy so that the other side will do what the enemy demands
hostility
unfriendliness; hatred; enmity; ADJ. hostile
hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
hovel
shack; small wretched house
hover
hang about; (of birds or aircraft) stay in the air in one place; (of people) wait nearby; stay around one place; waver; be in an uncertain state
hubbub
confused uproar; loud noise; din
hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit
hue
color; aspect; Ex. opinions of every hue
hue_and_cry
outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule
hull
husk; dry outer covering of a seed; frame or body of a ship
humane
marked by kindness or consideration; kind and compassionate; humanitarian
humanitarian
one devoted to the promotion of human welfare; CF. humanism
humble
of low rank or position; modest; having a low opinion of oneself and a high opinion of others; unassuming; not proud; V. humiliate: make humble; cause to feel ashamed or to lose the respect of others
humdrum
dull; monotonous
humid
damp; N. humidity
humility
humbleness of spirit
hummock
small hill; hillock
humor
indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor
humus
substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil
hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
hurtle
crash; rush; move with great speed; Ex. hurtling runaway train
husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
husbandry
frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
hut
crude dwelling; shack
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
hydrophobia
fear of water; rabies
hygiene
science and practice of the promotion and preservation of health; ADJ. hygienic: showing careful attention to cleanness (to prevent disease); Ex. hygienic condition
hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
hypercritical
excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)
hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
hypochondriac
person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen
hypocritical
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite
hypothetical
based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis
hysteria
excessive or uncontrollable excitement; N. hysteric: person suffering from hysteria; CF. hysterics: attack of hysteria
ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
icon(ikon)
religious image; idol; image or representation
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images
ideology
system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture
idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
idiosyncrasy
individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic
idle
not working; not employed or busy; lazy; without purpose; useless; lacking substance; baseless; not based on truth; Ex. idle worker; Ex. talk idly; V.
idolatry
worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous
idyll(idyl)
short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers
idyllic
charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene
igneous
produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite
ignite
kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to
ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat
illicit
illegal
illimitable
infinite; limitless
illuminate
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; Ex. illuminating remarks
illusion
misleading vision or visual image; false idea or belief; CF. delusion
illusive
deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive
illusory
illusive; deceptive; not real
imbalance
lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion
imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
imbibe
drink in
imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
immaculate
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean
imminent
impending; near at hand
immobility
state of being immovable
immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
immune
resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity
immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
immutable
unchangeable
impair
injure; hurt; damage
impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
impalpable
imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible
impart
grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart
impartial
not biased; fair; N. impartiality
impassable
not able to be traveled or crossed
impasse
predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress
impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
impassive
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
impeach
charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility
impeccable
faultless
impecunious
without money
impede
hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block
impediment
hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment
impel
drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action
impending
nearing; approaching; about to happen
impenetrable
not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery
impenitent
not repentant
imperative
absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done
imperceptible
unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable
imperial
like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism
imperil
put in danger
imperious
domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
impermeable
impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate
impersonal
not being a person; not showing personal feelings; Ex. impersonal force/manner/organization
impertinent
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
imperturbable
unshakably calm; placid
impervious
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism
impetuous
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
impetus
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
impiety
irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety
impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
impious
irreverent
implacable
incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; Ex. implacable enemy
implausible
unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; Ex. implausible alibi
implement
put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; Ex. implement the plan/suggestion; N: tool or instrument
implicate
incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime
implication
something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating
implicit
understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust
implode
burst inward; CF. vaccum tube
implore
beg
imply
suggest a meaning not expressed; signify
impolitic
not wise; not expedient; not politic
imponderable
weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound
import
significance; importance; meaning
importunate
urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent
importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
imposture
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
impotent
weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power
impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
imprecation
curse; swearword
impregnable
invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take
impregnate
make pregnant; fill thoroughly; saturate
impromptu
without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment
impropriety
improperness; unsuitableness
improvident
thriftless; not providing for the future
improvise
compose on the spur of the moment
imprudent
lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious
impudence
impertinence; insolence
impugn
dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight
impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
impunity
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
inadvertently
unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
inalienable
not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights
inamorata
woman whom a man loves
inane
silly; senseless; Ex. inane remarks; N. inanity
inanimate
lifeless; not animate