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250 Cards in this Set

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flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
flaunt
display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''
flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
flirt
behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
floe
flat mass of floating ice
flora
plants of a region or era
florescence
condition or period of flowering
florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
flotsam
drifting wreckage
flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
flourish
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
flowery
full of flowers; full of ornate expressions
fluctuate
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
fluency
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
fluster
confuse; make nervous and confused; N.
fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
forebears(forbears)
ancestors
foreboding
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
forerunner
predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another
foreshadow
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
foresight
ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
forge
counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated
forgo(forego)
give up; do without
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
formality
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
formidable
menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
forte
strong point or special talent in a person's character
forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
fortitude
bravery; courage; strength of mind
fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
forward
presumptuous or bold
foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty;
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
frail
weak; N. frailty
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
fraudulent
cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle
fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
friction
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
frigid
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
frugality
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
fruition
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition
frustrate
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
fugitive
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
fumble
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
fundamental
basic; primary; essential
funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
fusion
union; coalition; V. fuse
fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
futile
seless; hopeless; ineffectual
gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
gaffe
social blunder
gainsay
deny
gait
manner of walking or running; speed
galaxy
large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ??(bile); CF. gall bladder
gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
gamut
entire range
gangrene
decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
gargoyle
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
garner
gather; store up; amass
garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
gaudy
flashy; showy
gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
generality
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
generate
cause; produce; create
generic
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
genesis
beginning; origin
geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
genre
particular variety of art or literature
genteel
well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty
gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
germane
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
germinate
cause to sprout; sprout
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
ghastly
horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast
gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling
gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
giddy
light-hearted; not serious; frivolous; dizzy; causing dizziness; Ex. giddy youth; Ex. giddy climb/height
gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
gingerly
very carefully; ADJ.
girth
distance around something; circumference
gist
essence; main point; substance
glacial
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
glamor
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
glare
shine intensely and blindingly; stare fixedly and angrily; N.
glaring
(of something bad) highly conspicuous; harshly bright; shining intensely and blindingly
glaze
cover with a thin and shiny surface; apply a glaze to; N: thin, smooth, shiny coating (as for pottery); Ex. unglazed pottery
gleam
brief flash of light; glow; V.
glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
glib
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
glimmer
shine erratically; twinkle; N: dim or unsteady light; faint indication; Ex. glimmer of hope
glitter
shine brightly with flashing points of light; Ex. glittering diamond ring; N: sparkling light; attractiveness; glamor; Ex. glitter of the sun on the waves
gloat
express evil satisfaction; look at or think about with evil satisfaction; view malevolently; Ex. The thief gloated over the stolen jewels.
gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
gloss_over
explain away with the intention of deceiving or hiding faults
glossary
brief explanation of words used in the text
glossy
smooth and shining; N. gloss: shiny brightness on a surface; superficially attractive appearance; Ex. gloss of good manners
glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
glutinous
sticky; viscous; gluey
glutton
someone who eats too much; ADJ. gluttonous: given to gluttony; greedy; CF. gluttony: habit of eating too much
gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
gnarled
twisted
gnome
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
goad
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
gobble
eat very quickly
gorge
narrow canyon; steep rocky cleft; ravine (made by a stream which runs through it)
gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
gory
bloody; N. gore: blood (from a wound)
gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
gouge
tear out; cut out (as if with a gouge); Ex. gouge his eyes out; N: chisel for cutting out hollow areas in wood
gouge
overcharge (with high price); extort from; Ex. gouge the public; CF. usury
gourmand
epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
gourmet
connoisseur of food and drink; epicure
gracious
kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
gradation
series of gradual stages; degree in such a progression
graduate
arrange into categories or grades; divide into marked intervals (for use in measurement); Ex. graduated ruler
graduated
arranged by degrees (of height, difficulty, etc.)
granary
storehouse for grain
grandeur
impressiveness; stateliness; majesty
grandiloquent
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
grandiose
affectedly grand; pretentious; high-flown; ridiculously exaggerated; impressive; great in size or scope; grand; Ex. grandiose ideas
granulate
form into grains or granules; N. granule: grain or particle
graphic
pertaining to the art of delineating; vividly described
graphite
black form of carbon used in lead pencils
grapple
wrestle; come to grips with; take hold of and struggle with; Ex. grapple with the burglar
grate
make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; shred by rubbing against a rough surface; Ex. grated cheese N: framework of metal bars to hold fuel in a fireplace
gratify
please; satisfy; Ex. gratify a desire
gratis
free; without charge; ADJ.
gratuitous
given freely; unwarranted; uncalled for; done without good reason; Ex. gratuitous comment
gratuity
tip
gravity
seriousness; ADJ. grave
graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
gregarious
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
grievance
cause of complaint; complaint
grill
question severely; cook on a grill; broil; N: cooking surface of parallel metal bars
grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
grimace
facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust, etc; V.
grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
groove
long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record
gross
total; fragrant; clearly wrong; (of people's behavior) coarse; corpulent; Ex. gross insolence/behavior; V: earn as a total amount; N: 12 dozens
grotesque
fantastic; comically hideous; strange and unnatural (causing fear or amusement)
grotto
small cavern
grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
grouse
complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird
grovel
crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate; behave in a servile manner
growl
low, guttural, menacing sound (as of a dog)
grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.