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250 Cards in this Set

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shudder
shake uncontrollably; tremble; V.
shuffle
mix together; jumble; move (something) from one place to another; slide (the feet) along the ground while walking; Ex. shuffle papers from one pile to another; N.
shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
shunt
move (a railway train) from one track to another; turn aside; divert; sidetrack; Ex. shunt traffic around an accident; N.
shyster
lawyer using questionable methods; unscrupulous practioner
sibling
brother or sister
sibylline
prophetic; oracular; N. sibyl: woman prophet (in the ancient world)
sidereal
relating to stars; Ex. sidereal day
sidetrack
switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track
sift
put through a sieve to separate fine from coarse particles; sort or examine carefully
significant
expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant
silt
sediment deposited by running water (at the entrance to a harbor or by a bend in a river)
simian
monkeylike; N: ape or monkey
simile
comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or as
simper
smirk; smile in a silly way; smile affectedly
simplistic
oversimplified
simulate
feign; imitate
sinecure
well-paid position with little responsibility; CF. sine cure: without care; CF. San Serif
sinewy
(of meat) tough; strong and firm; muscular; N. sinew: tendon; strong cord connecting a muscle to a bone
singular
being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd; Ex. singular beauty/behavior
sinister
evil; ominous
sinuous
twisting; winding; bending in and out; not morally honest
siren
apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
skeptic
sceptic; doubter; person who suspends judgment until he has examined the evidence supporting a point of view; ADJ. skeptical; N. skepticism; scepticism
skiff
small light sailboat or rowboat
skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
skimp
provide or use scantily; live very economically; Ex. skimp on necessities; ADJ. skimpy: inadequate in amount; scanty; stingy; niggardly
skinflint
miser; stingy person
skirmish
minor fight; minor battle in war; V.
skittish
inconstant; capricious; frivolous; not serious; Ex. charming but skittish young woman; CF. skit
skulduggery(skullduggery)
dishonest behavior or action; Ex. skulduggery in the election
skulk
move furtively and secretly; Ex. He skulked through the less fashionable sections of the city.
slack
moving slowly; sluggish; inactive; (of a rope) loose; negligent; lax; Ex. slack season; Ex. slack in one's work; N. V.
slacken
slow up; loosen; make or become slack
slag
glassy residue from smelting metal; dross; waste matter
slake
satisfy (thirst); quench; sate
slander
defamation; utterance of false and malicious statements; V. ADJ. slanderous
slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
slapdash
hasty and careless; haphazard; sloppy(carelessly done)
slaughter
killing of animals for food; massacre; V: butcher (animals) for food; kill in large numbers
slavish
of or like a slave; servile; showing no originality; copied very closely; Ex. slavish devotion/copy of the original
sleazy
shabby and dirty; flimsy; insubstantial; Ex. sleazy back-street hotel/fabric
sledge
large sled drawn by work animals
sleek
smooth and shining (as from good health); V.
sleeper
one that achieves unexpected success; something originally of little value or importance that in time becomes very valuable
sleigh
large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice
sleight
dexterity; CF. sleight of hand: legerdemain; quickness of the hands in doing tricks
slew
large quantity or number; Ex. slew of errands left
slick
make smooth or glossy; N: smooth surface; Ex. oil slick; ADJ: smooth; glossy; deftly executed; adroit; glib
slight
insult to one's dignity; snub; V: treat as if of small importance; insult; snub; ADJ. small in size; of small importance
slink
move furtively; ADJ. slinky: stealthy; furtive; sneaky (as in ambush)
slipshod
slovenly; careless; sloppy; untidy; shabby; Ex. slipshod work
slither
slip or slide
sloth
slow moving tree-dwelling mammal; laziness; ADJ. slothful: lazy; indolent
slough
(of a snake) shed or cast off (dead outer skin); N: outer layer that is shed
slovenly
untidy; careless in work habits; slipshod; N. sloven: one who is habitually untidy or careless
sluggard
lazy person
sluggish
lazy; slow; inactive; lethargic; CF. slug: nail with no shell
sluice
artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water (with a gate to regulate the flow)
slur
pronounce indistinctly; speak indistinctly; mumble
slur
slander; insult to one's character or reputation; V.
sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
smart
intelligent; quick and energetic; fashionable; Ex. smart pace/restaurant; V: cause or feel a sharp pain; N: smarting pain
smattering
slight knowledge; small scattered number or amount; Ex. smattering of German
smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
smelt
melt (ore) for separating and removing the metal; melt or blend ores changing their chemical composition
smirk
conceited smile; offensively self-satisfied smile (often at someone else's misfortune); V.
smolder
smoulder; burn slowly without flame; be liable to break out at any moment; exist in a suppressed state; Ex. smoldering anger
smother
kill from lack of air; suppress; cover thickly; Ex. smothered in little stickers
smudge
dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.
smug
self-satisfied; complacent
sneak
move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky
snicker
half-stifled(suppressed) laugh; V.
snip
short quick cut with scissors; V: cut with scissors
snivel
complain or whine tearfully; run at the nose; snuffle; Ex. Don't come back sniveling to me.
snub
ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.
snuffle
sniffle; sniff repeatedly (in order to keep liquid from running out of the nose)
soar
rise or fly high in the air; Ex. The rocket soared into the sky.
sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
sobriety
moderation (especially regarding indulgence in alcohol); seriousness
sodden
thoroughly soaked; dull or stupid as if from drink
sojourn
temporary stay; V: stay for a time
solace
comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble
solder
repair or make whole by using a metal alloy; N: metal alloy (usually tin and lead) used in the molten state to join metallic parts
solecism
nonstandard grammatical construction; construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically; violation of social etiquette
solemnity
seriousness; gravity
solicit
entreat; request earnestly; seek to obtain; Ex. solicit votes; CF. solicitor: one who solicits; chief law officer
solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
solicitous
anxious; worried; concerned; eager; Ex. solicitous to do something; N. solicitude
soliloquy
talking to oneself (esp. in a play); CF. monologue: soliloquy; long speech by one person (often monopolizing a conversation)
solitude
state of being alone; seclusion; ADJ. solitary: existing or living alone (esp. by choice); remote or secluded; single; sole; Ex. solitary life/inn; Ex. no solitary piece of proof
solstice
point or time at which the sun is farthest from the equator
soluble
able to be dissolved in a liquid; able to be worked out or solved
solvent
substance that dissolves another; ADJ: capable of dissolving another substance
solvent
able to pay all depths; N. solvency
somatic
pertaining to the body; bodily; physical
somber
dark; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; CF. shadow
somnambulist
sleepwalker; V. somnambulate; N. somnambulism
somnolent
half asleep; drowsy; N. somnolence
sonic
of sound or its speed in air; CF. subsonic, supersonic
sonnet
14-line poetic verse form with a fixed rhyme pattern
sonorous
resonant; producing a full deep sound; producing sound
soothsayer
one who foretells the future
sophist
teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning; N. sophism: plausible but fallacious argument
sophisticated
worldly wise and urbane; refined; complex; N. sophistication; V. sophisticate
sophistry
seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning; sophism
sophomoric
immature; half-baked; like a sophomore
soporific
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness; drowsy
sordid
filthy; foul; base; vile; Ex. sordid bed/story
sound
in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; Ex. sound mind/investment/training
sour
having a sharp or acid taste; acid; tart; bad-tempered; V.
sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
sow
plant or scatter seed
spangle
small shiny metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
spare
give; use; refrain from harming; save from experiencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoccupied; Ex. spare time
sparse
not thick; thinly scattered; scanty
spartan
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
spasmodic
fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; N. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion
spat
squabble; minor dispute; minor quarrel
spate
sudden flood or rush; Ex. spate of accidents
spatial
relating to space
spatula
broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
spawn
lay eggs (in large numbers); produce offspring (in large numbers); N: eggs of aquatic animals
specious
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
speck
small piece or mark; Ex. speck of dust in the eye
spectral
ghostly; N. specter: spectre; ghost; phantom
spectrum
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism; broad and continuous range; Ex. whole spectrum of modern thoughts
speechless
unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger
spendthrift
someone who wastes money; CF. thrift: accumulated wealth
sphinx-like
enigmatic; mysterious
spin
rotate swiftly; make (thread) by twisting (cotton, wool, etc.); N.
splice
join together end to end to make one continuous length; fasten together; unite; Ex. splice two strips of tape; N.
spoilsport
one who spoils the pleasure of others
spontaneity
lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint; ADJ. spontaneous: self-generated; unpremeditated; happening without being planned
spoof
parody
spoonerism
accidental transposition of sounds in successive words; Ex. ``Let me sew you to your sheet'' for ``Let me show you to your seat''; CF. William Spooner
sporadic
occurring irregularly; intermittent
sportive
playful; frolicsome; merry; CF. sport: play or frolic; CF. sportsmanlike
sprightly
lively
sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
spruce
neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.
spry
(esp. of older people) vigorously active; nimble
spurious
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical; Ex. spurious arguments
spurn
reject disdainfully; scorn; Ex. She spurned all offers of help.
squabble
minor quarrel; bickering; V: engage in a minor quarrel; Ex. squabbling children
squalor
condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state; ADJ. squalid: dirty; sordid; morally repulsive; Ex. squalid story
squander
waste; spend foolishly
squash
crush; quash; suppress
squat
short and thick; stocky; Ex. ugly squat tower; V. N.
squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
squelch
produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash; CF. ??? ??? ?? ?
staccato
played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound; Ex. staccato applause
stagnant
(of water) not flowing (often bad-smelling); motionless; stale; not developing; inactive; dull; Ex. stagnant industrial output
staid
serious and sedate; sober; Ex. staid during the funeral ceremony
stalemate
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
stalwart
physically strong; brawny; steadfast; strong in mind or determination; Ex. stalwart supporter; N: stalwart follower
stamina
power of endurance; strength; staying power
stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
stampede
sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises
stanch
stop or check flow of blood; Ex. stanch the gushing wound
standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
stanza
division of a poem (composed of two or more lines)
start
move suddenly or involuntarily; Ex. start at the sight of a snake
stately
formal; ceremonious; grand in style or size; majestic
static
having no motion; unchanging; lacking development; N. stasis: stable state
statute
law enacted by the legislature
statutory
created by statute or legislative action; regulated by statute; Ex. statutory age limit
steadfast
steadily loyal; unswerving; steady
stealth
action of moving secretly or unseen; slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness; ADJ. stealthy
steep
soak; saturate; Ex. steep the fabric in the dye bath; ADJ: precipitous
stellar
pertaining to the stars; of a star performer; outstanding; Ex. stellar attraction of the entire performance
stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
stem_from
arise from; originate from
stench
strong foul odor; reek; stink
stentorian
(of the voice) extremely loud; CF. Stentor: a loud herald in the Iliad
sterile
incapable of producing young; free from microorganism; V. sterilize
stickler
perfectionist; person who insists things be exactly right
stifle
suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate
stigma
token of disgrace; brand; V. stigmatize: mark with a stigma; characterize as disgraceful
stilted
bombastic; stiffly pompous; Ex. stilted rhetoric; CF. stiff: formal
stink
stench; V: emit a strong foul odor
stint
supply; allotted amount of work; assigned portion of work; limitation; Ex. two-year stint in the army; Ex. without stint
stint
set limits in amount or number; be thrifty; ADJ. stinting, unstinting; CF. stint:savings
stipend
pay for services
stipple
paint or draw with dots or short strokes
stipulate
state as a necessary condition (of an agreement); make express conditions; specify; Ex. He stipulated payment in advance
stock
standard; kept regularly in stock or supply; typical; routine; common; Ex. stock sizes of paper; Ex. stock excuse/character; N: goods for sale in a shop; OP. unique
stockade
wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as defensive barrier
stodgy
dull; stuffy; boringly conservative; Ex. stodgy book
stoic
stoical; impassive; unmoved by joy or grief; N. CF. stoicism
stoke
stir up a fire or furnace; feed plentifully
stolid
dull; impassive; showing little emotion when strong feelings are expected
stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
stout
rather fat; strong in body; sturdy; resolute; determined; strong in determination; Ex. stout stick/supporter
straggle
stray or fall behind (a main group); spread out in a scattered group; Ex. straggling marathon racer; Ex. straggling branch
strangle
kill by choking or suffocating; suppress
stratagem
deceptive scheme; clever trick
stratified
divided into classes; arranged into strata; V. stratify
stratum
layer of earth's surface; layer of society; PL. strata
strew
spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter; Ex. flower girl strewing rose petals
striated
marked with parallel bands; striped; grooved; Ex. striated rocks; V. striate; N. stria: thin groove or line
stricture
severe and adverse criticism; critical comments; limit or restriction
strident
loud and harsh; insistent; N. stridency
stringent
(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money; Ex. stringent economic conditions
strut
pompous walk; V: walk in a self-important manner
strut
supporting bar;
studied
carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark
studious
given to diligent study
stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; suppress; frustrate or hinder; Ex. stultifying effect of uninteresting work; Ex. stultify free expression
stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
stump
base of a tree trunk left after the rest has been cut down; V: walk in a heavy manner; baffle; puzzle
stun
make unconscious or numb as by a blow; amaze; astound
stupefy
stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze
stupor
state of being stupefied; state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
stygian
unpleasantly dark; gloomy; hellish; deathly; CF. Styx: the chief river in the subterranean land of the dead
stymie
thwart; present an obstacle; stump
suavity
urbanity; polish; ADJ. suave: smooth and courteous
subaltern
subordinate
subdue
less intense; quieter; Ex. subdued lighting; Ex. subdue: conquer; make less intense; quiet; Ex. subdue one's anger
subjective
influenced by personal feelings; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal; Ex. subjective sensation of the ghostly presence
subjugate
conquer; bring under control
sublimate
refine; purify; replace (natural urges) with socially acceptable activities; change between a solid state and a gaseous state
sublime
causing deep feelings of wonder, joy, respect, etc.; exalted; noble and uplifting; utter
subliminal
below the threshold of conscious perception; Ex. subliminal advertisement
submerge
place under water; dip; go under water; cover completely (as with water); Ex. submerged in work
submissive
willing to obey orders; yielding; timid
subordinate
occupying a lower rank; inferior; submissive; N. V: put in a lower rank or class
suborn
persuade to act unlawfully (especially to commit perjury); N. subornation
subpoena
writ(written command issued by a court) summoning a witness to appear in court; V: summon with a subpoena
subsequent
following in time or order; later
subservient
behaving like a slave; servile; obsequious; subordinate; N. subservience
subside
sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate
subsidiary
serving to assist; subordinate; secondary; of a subsidy; N.
subsidy
direct financial aid by government, etc.; V. subsidize: assist with a subsidy
subsistence
existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)
substantial
of substance; material; solid; essential or fundamental; ample; considerable; well-to-do; wealthy
substantiate
support (a claim) with evidence; establish with evidence; verify
substantive
substantial; essential; pertaining to the substance; substantial; considerable; Ex. substantive issues
subsume
include (as a member of a group); encompass
subterfuge
stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge
subtlety
perceptiveness; ingenuity; delicacy; ADJ. subtle: delicate; so slight as to be difficult to detect; able to make fine distinctions; clever; Ex. subtle mind/differences in meaning
subversive
tending to overthrow or ruin; V. subvert: overthrow completely (an established system); destroy completely; CF. undermine ?
succor
assist (someone in difficulty); aid; comfort; N.
succulent
juicy; full of juice or sap; full of richness; N: succulent plant such as a cactus
succumb
yield (to something overwhelming); give in; die; Ex. succumb to the illness
suckle
give or take milk at the breast or udder
suffocate
die or kill from lack of air; suppress
suffragist
advocate of the extension of voting rights (for women); CF. suffrage