Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/250

Click to flip

250 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
requiem
mass for the dead; dirge
requisite
necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary
requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
rescind
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
resentment
indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about
reserve
self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative
residual
remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue
residue
remainder; balance
resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
resilient
elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)
resolution
determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose
resolve
determination; resolution; firmness of purpose
resolve
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
resonant
(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance
resort
turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.
resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
respiration
breathing; exhalation; ADJ. respiratory
respite
time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve
resplendent
brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious
responsiveness
state of reacting readily to appeals, orders, etc.; ADJ. responsive: readily reacting; Ex. responsive to treatment
restitution
returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury
restive
impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'
restraint
moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction
resumption
taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.
resurge
rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again
resurrect
revive
resuscitate
revive; bring back to life or consciousness; Ex. resuscitate the drowned child
retain
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
retaliate
repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); V. retaliate
retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
retentive
holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory
reticent
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
retinue
following; attendants
retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality
retort
quick sharp reply; V.
retract
withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile
retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
retribution
deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; CF. pay back
retrieve
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
retroactive
taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future
retrograde
go backwards; recede; degenerate; deteriorate; ADJ.
retrospective
looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect
revelry
boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration
reverberate
echo repeatedly; resound; Ex. The thunder reverberated across the valley.
reverend
deserving reverence; N: priest
reverent
respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect
reverie
daydream; abstracted musing
revert
relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion
revile
attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)
revoke
cancel; retract; CF. irrevocable
revulsion
sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture
rhapsodize
speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery
rhapsody
excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)
ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
rickety
(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D
riddle
pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; Ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; Ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; N. large sieve (separating earth from stone)
rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
rife
(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current
rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
rig
arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails
rig
fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election
righteous
morally upright; just
rightful
legally correct; Ex. rightful owner
rigid
hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
rigor
severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter
rile
irritate; vex; muddy
rip
tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.
rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
riveting
holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing
rivulet
small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river
robust
strong; vigorous
rococo
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
roil
make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb
rolling
(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments
romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
rooster
cock; adult male chicken
roseate
rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views
roster
list (of names)
rostrum
raised platform for speech-making; pulpit
rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
rotund
(of a person) fat and round
rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
rou'e
lecherous man
rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
rout
put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat
rubble
fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)
rubric
title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol
ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
rudimentary
elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language
rue
regret; lament; mourn; Ex. He will rue the day; N. ADJ. rueful
ruffian
violent scoundrel; bully
rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
ruminate
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
rummage
ransack; thoroughly search
run-down
(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted
runic
mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; N. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm
ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
rustic
pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person
rusticate
banish to the country; dwell in the country
rustle
make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together
ruthless
pitiless; merciless; cruel
s miniature
small model; small painting; ADJ: small
saboteur
one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)
saccharine
cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin
sacrilegious
desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred
sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
sadistic
inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty
saga
Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative
sagacious
wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity
sage
person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise
salacious
lascivious; lustful; Ex. salacious monk
salient
prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features
saline
salty
sallow
(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice
salubrious
healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health
salutary
tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health
salvage
rescue (goods or property) from loss; N: saving; property saved
sanctimonious
displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety
sanction
approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance
sanctuary
place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; Ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.
sanguinary
bloody; with much bloodshed
sanguine
optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red
sap
diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.
sarcasm
cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic
sardonic
scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; Ex. sardonic smile
sartorial
pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor
sate
satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy
satellite
small body revolving around a larger one
satiate
satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
satirical
using satire; mocking
saturate
soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity
saturnine
morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.
satyr
half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man
saunter
stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.
savant
scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know
savor
enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality
savory
pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation
scabbard
case for a sword blade; sheath
scad
a great quantity; Ex. scads of clothes
scaffold
temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution
scale
climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones
scanty
meager; insufficient
scapegoat
someone who bears the blame for others; whipping boy; CF. escape+goat
scavenge
hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion
scenario
plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events
schematic
of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline
scheme
systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme
schism
division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split
scholarly
full of learning; erudite; like a scholar; Ex. scholarly journal
scintilla
trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; Ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; CF. spark
scintillate
sparkle; flash; be animated; be full of life; Ex. scintillating conversation
scion
detached plant shoot used in grafting; descendant
scoff
laugh (at); mock; ridicule; Ex. scoff at their threats
scorch
sear; N.
score
number of points; written form of a musical composition; reason; group of 20; notch or incision; Ex. full/vocal score; Ex. Don't worry on that score; V: mark with lines or notches; Ex. score the paper to make it easy to fold
scotch
stamp out(put an end to); thwart; hinder; Ex. scotch the rumor; CF. cut; CF. ??? ??? ??
scourge
lash; whip (formerly used for punishment); source of severe punishment; V: whip; afflict
scowl
frown angrily; N: angry frown
scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
scrappy
quarrelsome
scraps
leftover food
screech
unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.
scrimmage
disorderly fight between two or more people
scruple
hesitate for ethical reasons; fret about; Ex. She did not scruple to read his diary; N: uneasy feeling arising from conscience; conscience
scrupulous
conscientious; extremely thorough; Ex. scrupulous worker
scrutinize
examine closely and critically; N. scrutiny
scuffle
struggle confusedly; move off in a confused hurry; N. CF. scuffling twins ?
scurrilous
abusive; obscene; indecent; Ex. scurrilous remark
scurry
move hastily; hurry; move briskly
scurvy
contemptible; despicable; N: disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin C
scuttle
sink (a ship) by cutting holes in the hull; scrap; discard; N: small hatch in a ship's deck or hull
seamy
sordid; base; filthy; unwholesome; Ex. seamy side of city life
sear
burn the surface of; char or burn; brand; parch; cause (a plant) to wither
season
enhance the flavor of by adding a spice, etc.; inure; harden; N. seasoning: something used in seasoning
seasonable
occurring at the proper time or season; opportune; Ex. seasonable intervention in the dispute
seasonal
of a particular season; Ex. seasonal rise in employment
seasoned
experienced
secession
withdrawal; V. secede: withdraw formally from membership
seclusion
isolation; solitude; V. seclude: set apart from others; isolate
secrete
conceal; hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism; CF. secretive
sect
separate religious body; faction; group of people with common beliefs within a larger group
sectarian
of a sect; narrow-minded; parochial; N: member of a sect; narrow-minded person
secular
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
sedate
composed (with no excitement); grave; V: administer a sedative to; CF. sedative
sedentary
requiring sitting; done while sitting; not moving from one place to another; settled; Ex. sedentary job/population
sedition
conduct or language inciting rebellion; rebellion; resistance to authority; insubordination; ADJ. seditious
seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
sedulous
diligent; assiduous; paying attention; N. sedulity
seedy
run-down; decrepit; disreputable; having many seeds; Ex. seedy downtown hotel
seemly
(of behavior) proper; appropriate
seep
pass slowly through small openings; ooze; trickle; N. seepage
seethe
be violently disturbed; boil; (of a liquid) move about wildly as if boiling; Ex. The nation was seething with discontent.
seine
seine net; net for catching fish
seismic
pertaining to earthquakes
selective
careful in choosing; having an effect only on certain things; not general; Ex. eclectic weed killer
self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
self-righteous
sure of one's own righteousness; moralistic
semblance
outward appearance; guise; Ex. We called in the troops to bring a/some semblance of order to the city.
seminal
related to seed or semen; germinal; creative; providing a basis for further development; influencing future developments; Ex. seminal research in a new field
seminary
school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women
senility
old age; feeblemindedness of old age; ADJ. senile: resulting from old age; showing the weakness of body or mind from old age; Ex. senile dementia
sensitization
process of being made sensitive or acutely responsive to an external agent or substance; V. sensitize: make or become sensitive
sensual
devoted to the pleasures of the sense; carnal; voluptuous; Ex. sensual woman/curves/lips
sensuous
giving pleasure to the senses; pertaining to the physical senses; operating through the senses; sensuous feeling of soft velvet on the skin
sententious
pithy; terse; concise; aphoristic
sentient
capable of sensation and conscious; aware; sensitive; Ex. sentient creature; N. sentience
sentimental
swayed by sentiment; appealing to the sentiments
sentinel
sentry; lookout
septic
of or causing sepsis; putrid; producing putrefaction; N. sepsis: poisoning of part of the body (producing pus)
sepulcher
tomb; V: place in a sepulcher; ADJ. sepulchral
sequester
isolate; segregate; seclude; retire from public life
sere
sear; parched; dry
serendipity
gift for finding valuable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck; CF. The Three Princes of Serendip
serenity
calmness; placidity; ADJ. serene
serpentine
winding; twisting; of or like a serpent; Ex. serpentine course of the river; N. serpent: snake
serrated
having a sawtoothed edge; Ex. serrated leaf
servile
slavish; cringing; N. servility
servitude
slavery; compulsory labor imposed as a punishment
sever
separate; cut off (a part) from a whole; break up (a relationship); N. severance; CF. severance pay: extra pay given an employee upon leaving a position
severity
harshness; intensity; sternness; austerity; ADJ. severe: harsh; strict; extremely violent or intense
sextant
navigation tool used to determine a ship's latitude and longitude (by measuring the altitudes of stars)
shack
crude cabin
shackle
chain; fetter; confine with shackles; N.
shade
slight difference in degree; nuance; degree of color; Ex. shades of meaning/grey
sham
pretend; feign; ADJ: not genuine; fake; Ex. sham jewelry; N: something that is not what it appears; impostor; pretense; Ex. The agreement was a sham.
shambles
(place or scene of) complete disorder or ruin; wreck; mess; Ex. After the hurricane, the coast was a shambles.
Shangri-la
imaginary remote paradise on earth; CF. Lost Horizon
shard
fragment generally of broken pottery (glass, clay bowl, or cup)
shaving
very thin piece, usually of wood (cut from a surface with a sharp blade)
sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
sheathe
place into a case; insert into or provide with a sheath; Ex. He sheathed his dagger; N. sheath: case for a blade
shed
small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel without allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves
sheer
pure; thin and transparent; very steep
sherbet
flavored dessert ice
shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
shimmer
shine with a flickering light; glimmer intermittently; Ex. The moonlight shimmered on the water; N.
shirk
avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger
shoddy
made of inferior material; sham; not genuine; inferior; dishonest; Ex. shoddy goods/trick
shoot
new growth from a plant
shove
push forward; push roughly; Ex. pushing and shoving to get on the bus; N.
shrew
scolding woman; very small mouselike animal
shrewd
clever; astute
shrivel
make or become shrunken and wrinkled (often by drying)