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250 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
obtuse
blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding
obviate
make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
Occident
the West
occlude
shut; close; obstruct; Ex. A blood clot occluded an artery.
occult
mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare
oculist
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
odds
chances; probability; disagreement; Ex. The odds are that it will rain. Ex. at odds with
odious
arousing strong dislike; hateful(causing hatred); vile
odium
detestation; quality of being odious; hatefulness; disrepute (resulting from hateful conduct)
odoriferous
giving off an odor
odorous
having an odor
odyssey
long, eventful, adventurous journey
offensive
attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense: offending; violating of a moral or social code; crime; attack; Ex. first offense
offhand
casual; done without prior thought or preparation
officious
meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services; overly eager in offering unwanted services or advices; Ex. officious bellboy
ogle
look at amorously; make eyes at; Ex. old men ogling young girls
olfactory
concerning the sense of smell
oligarchy
government by a privileged few
ominous
threatening; of an evil omen
omnipotent
all-powerful; having unlimited power
omnipresent
universally present; ubiquitous
omniscient
all-knowing
omnivorous
eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything
onerous
burdensome
onomatopoeia
words formed in imitation of natural sounds
onslaught
vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
onus
burden; responsibility
ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
opalescent
iridescent; lustrous; like an opal; N. opalescence
opaque
dark; not transparent; N. opacity
opiate
medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium
opportune
timely; well-chosen
opportunist
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
opprobrium
infamy; disgrace arising from shameful conduct; vilification(slander); scorn; contempt; Ex. opprobrium hurled against him; ADJ. opprobrious: expressing contempt; shameful or infamous
optician
maker and seller of eyeglasses
optimist
person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
optimum
most favorable; optimal; N: most favorable condition
optional
not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options
optometrist
one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
opulence
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant
opus
work (esp. musical composition); Ex. magnum opus: masterpiece; CF. opera
oracular
of an oracle; prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous; hard to understand; N. oracle: wiser person; prophecy made by an oracle
orator
public speaker
oratorio
dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata
ordain
decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine; install as a minister, priest, or rabbi; N. ordainment; CF. ordination
ordeal
severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction
ordinance
decree; authoritative order
ordination
ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest
orgy
wild drunken revelry; unrestrained indulgence in an activity; Ex. orgy of shopping
orient
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
orientation
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
orifice
mouthlike opening; small opening (esp. to a cavern or passage of the body); CF. mouth
ornate
excessively or elaborately decorated
ornithologist
scientific student of birds; N. ornithology: scientific study of birds
orous
full of pores; like a sieve
orthodox
traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine
orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
osseous
made of bone; bony
ossify
change or harden into bone; become hard and unchanging in one's ideas
ostensible
apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition
ostentatious
showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious; N. ostentation: showy display
ostracize
banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism
oust
expel; drive out; force out; N. ouster: ousting
outcast
one that has been excluded from a society; ADJ.
outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
outlandish
bizzare; peculiar; unconventional
outlaw
fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.
outlook
point of view; view from a particular place; expectation for the future; prospect; Ex. outlook on life; Ex. pleasing outlook; Ex. weather outlook
outmoded
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
outrage
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
outskirts
fringes; outer borders (as of a city); Ex. outskirts of Boston
outspoken
candid; blunt
outstrip
outrun; surpass; outdo
outwit
outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly
overbearing
bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate
overblown
inflated; exaggerated
oversee
watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision
overt
open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert
overthrow
topple; N.
overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
overturn
turn over; capsize; topple
overweening
arrogant; presumptuous
overwhelm
(of water) cover completely; defeat completely by much greater force; Ex. overwhelmed by grief
overwrought
nervous or excited; extremely agitated; hysterical; wrought-up; CF. wrought: made or done
ovoid
egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
pachyderm
thick-skinned animal
pacifist
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
pacify
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
paean
song of praise or joy; Ex. paeans celebrating the victory
painstaking
taking pains; showing hard work; taking great care; very careful and through
palatable
agreeable; pleasing to the taste
palate
roof of the mouth; sense of the taste
palatial
of or suitable for a palace; magnificent
paleontology
study of prehistoric life or fossils; CF. paleo-: ancient or prehistoric; Ex. paleography: study of ancient written documents
palette
board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)
palimpsest
parchment or piece of writing material used for second time after original writing has been erased
pall
become boring; grow tiresome
pallet
small poor bed; Ex. straw pallet
palliate
ease pain (without curing); make less severe or offensive (a crime or illness)
pallid
pale; wan; Ex. pallid complexion
palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
palpable
tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
palpitate
throb; beat rapidly; flutter; tremble; Ex. Her heart began to palpitate.
paltry
insignificant; petty; trifling; contemptible; Ex. paltry sum; CF. trash
pan
criticize harshly
panacea
cure-all; remedy for all diseases
panache
flair; manner of doing things without any difficulty (causing admiration); flamboyance; bunch of feathers (on a helmet); Ex. with great panache; CF. ? ??? ?? ??? ??
pandemic
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
pandemonium
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
pander
cater to (the low desires of others)
panegyric
formal praise; encomium; Ex. I don't deserve such panegyrics.
pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
panoramic
denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
pantomime
acting without dialogue; V.
papyrus
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
parable
short simple story teaching a moral
paradigm
model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
paradox
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
paragon
model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue
parallelism
state of being parallel; similarity; analogy
parameter
limit; independent variable; Ex. parameters of the problem; Ex. within the parameters of the budget
paramount
foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
paramour
illicit lover
paranoia
psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
paraphernalia
equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
paraphrase
restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
parasite
animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant; CF. para-: beside
parched
extremely dry; very thirsty; V. parch: make or become extremely dry (by exposure to heat)
parchment
writing material made from the skin of a sheep or goat
pare
cut away the outer covering or skin of (with a knife); trim; Ex. pare apples/expenses
pariah
social outcast; Ex. Mariah the pariah
parish
area in the care of a single priest and served by one main church
parity
equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
parlance
language; manner of speaking; idiom; Ex. in legal/common parlance
parley
conference (between opponents); CF. speak
parochial
narrow in scope or outlook; provincial; related to parishes
parody
humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
paroxysm
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
parquet
floor made of wood strips inlaid in a mosaic like matter; CF. strip: long narrow piece
parry
ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N. CF. ???? ??? ??
parsimony
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
partial
incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
partiality
state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
partisan
one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party (with dislike of any others); N: strong supporter of a party; guerrilla
partition
divide into parts
parvenu
upstart; newly rich person
pass'e
old-fashioned; past the prime
pass_off
present falsely; represent falsely to be
passive
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
pastiche
imitation of another's style in musical composition or in writing; work of art openly imitating the works of other artists
pastoral
rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor
pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
patent
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
pathetic
causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
pathological
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
pathos
tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings; Ex. pathos that runs through the novel
patina
green crust on old bronze works or copper; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
patois
local or provincial dialect
patriarch
father and ruler of a family or tribe
patrician
noble; aristocratic; N: person of high rank; aristocrat; CF. member of the governing classes in ancient Rome; CF. plebian
patrimony
property inherited from a father
patronize
support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
paucity
scarcity; dearth
pauper
very poor person
peccadillo
slight offense or fault; CF. sin
pecuniary
pertaining to money
pedagogue
teacher; CF. child leader
pedagogy
teaching; art of education
pedant
scholar who overemphasizes book learning, trivial details of learning, or technicalities
pedantic
bookish; showing off learning; marked by an excessive ostentatious concern for book learning; N. pedantry
peddle
travel about selling (wares); CF. foot
pedestal
support or base as for a pillar or statue
pedestrian
ordinary; dull; unimaginative(lacking in imagination); going on foot; Ex. pedestrian prose; N.
pediatrician
physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics
pedigree
line of ancestors; ancestry; lineage; ADJ. (of an animal) descended from of a chosen family; Ex. pedigree dog; CF. crane's foot
pedigree
ancestry; lineage
peer
one who has equal standing with another; nobleman; V: look intently; N. peerage; CF. peeress
peerless
having no equal; incomparable
peevish
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
pejorative
(of a word or phrase) suggesting that someone is of little value; negative in connotation; having a belittling effect; Ex. Many women now considers ``housewife'' a pejorative expression, because it patronized them.
pell-mell
in confusion; disorderly; Ex. dash pell-mell
pellucid
transparent; limpid(crystal clear); clear in meaning; easy to understand
pen
fenced enclosure for animals; confining space; Ex. sheep pen; V: confine in a pen; enclose
penance
self-imposed punishment for sin; Ex. do penance for one's sins; CF. penitent
penchant
strong inclination; strong liking (esp. for something that is disapproved of by other people); Ex. penchant for fast cars
pendant(pendent)
hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)
pending
not yet decided or settled; impending; Ex. pending decision; PREP. while awaiting; until; Ex. delay the decision pending his return
pendulous
hanging; suspended
penetrate
enter into; pierce; permeate; see through; grasp the inner significance of; understand
penitent
repentant; N.
penology
study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
pensive
dreamily or deeply thoughtful; sadly thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness; contemplative; CF. think over
penumbra
partial shadow (in an eclipse); CF. almost shadow
penury
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
peon
landless agricultural worker; bond servant; menial worker; N. peonage
perceptive
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
percussion
striking one object against another sharply; Ex. percussion instrument; N: striking together of two bodies; sound caused by percussion
perdition
damnation; complete ruin; hell
peregrination
journey; V. peregrinate
peremptory
demanding and leaving no choice; imperative; Ex. peremptory decree/knock
perennial
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
perfidious
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
perforate
pierce; put a hole through
perfunctory
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
perigee
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
perimeter
outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference
peripatetic
walking about from place to place (to work); moving; Ex. peripatetic school of philosophy
peripheral
of a periphery; marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central; Ex. peripheral nerve/interest
periphery
outside edge especially of a round surface; perimeter; Ex. periphery of the town
perjury
false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath
permeable
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
permissive
allowing much freedom; lenient; Ex. permissive society
pernicious
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
peroration
conclusion of an oration; perorating; V. perorate: conclude a speech; speak at great length
perpetrate
commit an offense; do (something wrong)
perpetual
everlasting
perpetuate
make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
perquisite(perk)
any gain above stipulated salary; Ex. perquisites such as free meals and a car
persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
persist
continue in existence; last; continue in a course of action in spite of opposition; Ex. persist in/with something; ADJ. persistent
personable
attractive (in personality or appearance)
personify
represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification
perspicacious
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
perspicuity
clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
perspicuous
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
pert
(esp. of a girl or young woman) impertinent; forward; trim; jaunty; Ex. pert young miss/hat
pertinacious
holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
pertinent
suitable; to the point; relevant
perturb
disturb greatly
peruse
read through with care; N. perusal
pervasive
spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
perverse
purposely continuing to do something wrong; stubbornly wrongheaded; perverted; directed away from what is right; wicked and unacceptable; Ex. perverse satisfaction; Ex. Hannibal Lecter in a perverse mood; N. perversity
perversion
corruption; turning from right to wrong
pervert
corrupt; turn from right to wrong; misuse; Ex. perverted sexual desire/scientific knowledge; N: person whose sexual behavior is not natural
pessimism
belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess; tendency to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation; ADJ. pessimistic
pestilential(pestilent)
causing plague; tending to cause death; baneful; N. pestilence: fatal epidemic disease (esp. bubonic plague)
pestle
tool for mashing or grinding substances in a hard bowl or mortar
petrify
turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze
petty
trivial; unimportant; very small; small-minded; petty-minded
petulant
touchy; peevish; ill-tempered
phalanx
formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense)
pharisaical
pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypocritical
pharisee
Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person
phenomena
observable facts; subjects of scientific investigation; SG. phenomenon: observable fact; very unusual person, thing, or event; marvel; wonder; CF. phenomenons; ADJ. phenomenal: very unusual; extraordinary; of a phenomenon; Ex. phenomenal strength
philanderer
faithless lover; flirt
philanthropist
lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy