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486 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
earmark
v. ~ sb/sth (for sth/sb) assign or set aside sb/sth (to or for a special purpose)
earn
v. get (money) by working
earthly
adj. of this world; not spiritual
earthy
adj. of or like earth or soil
ebb
v. ~ (of the tide) go out; recede ;
ebullient
adj. full of energy and excitement; exuberant ;
eccentric
adj. unusual; peculiar; not conventional or normal
eccentricity
n. quality of being eccentric; strangeness of behaviour, etc
ecclesiastic
n. clergyman
eclectic
adj. (of people, beliefs, etc) not restricted to one source of ideas, etc, but choosing from or using a wide range
eclipse
n. blocking of the light of the sun or of the moon (when the earth's shadow falls on it)
ecliptic
(Astronomy) a the great circle on the celestial sphere representing the apparent annual path of the sun relative to the stars.
economy
n. avoidance of waste (of money, strength, time, resources, etc)
ecosystem
n. ecological unit consisting of a group of plants and living creatures interacting with each other and with their surroundings
ecstasy
n. great joy or happiness
eddy
n. circular or spiral movement of water, air, fog, dust, etc
edict
n. order or proclamation issued by an authority
edifice
n. large or imposing building
edify
v. (fml or joc ) improve the mind or character of (sb)
eerie
adj. causing a feeling of mystery and fear
efface
v. rub or wipe (sth) out; cause to fade
effective
adj. having an effect; producing the intended result
effectual
adj. (not used of people) producing the intended result
effectuate
to cause to happen; effect; accomplish
effeminate
adj. (of a man or his behaviour) like a woman; unmanly
effervescence
(n.) liveliness; spirit; enthusiasm; bubbliness
effete
adj. weak, having lost power
efficacy
n. state or quality of being efficacious
effigy
n. carved figure or model representing a person or animal
effluvium
noxious smell
effrontery
n. boldness or rudeness without shame; impertinence
effulgent
radiant splendor:BRILLIANCE
effusion
n. pouring out, esp of liquid
effusive
adj. showing (too much) feeling; too emotional
ego
n. individual's perception or experience of himself, esp in relation to other people or to the outside world; part of the mind that can think, feel and act
egoism
n. state of mind in which one is always thinking about oneself and what is best for oneself
egotism
n. practice of talking too often or too much about oneself; selfishness ;
egotistical
[ egotist: ] a conceited boastful person
egregious
adj. (usu of sb/sth bad ) exceptional; outstanding
egress
n. (right of) going out
ejaculation
n. sudden discharge or ejection of fluid, esp semen, from the body
elaborate
adj. very detailed and complicated; carefully prepared and finished
elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
elastic
adj. returning to its normal or previous size or shape after being pulled or pressed
elated
adj. ~ in high spirits; very happy or proud
elegy
n. poem or song expressing sorrow, esp for the dead; lament ;
elevation
n. elevating or being elevated
elicit
v. ~ sth (fml ) draw (facts, a response, etc) from sb, sometimes with difficulty
elixir
n. imaginary substance with which medieval scientists hoped to change metals into gold or make people live for ever
ellipsis
n. (grammar) (instance of) leaving out a word or words from (the grammatical structure of) a sentence when the meaning can be understood without it/them
elliptical
adj. containing ellipsis
elope
v. ~ run away with a lover, esp to get married
eloquence
n. expressive language, esp to impress or persuade an audience
elucidate
v. make (sth) clear; explain
elusive
adj. tending to escape or disappear; difficult to capture
elysian
adj. the Elysian fields
Elysium
n. (in Greek myths) home of the blessed after death
emaciated
adj. made thin and weak
emanate
v. ~ from sth/sb come or flow from sth/sb
emancipate
v. ~ sb set sb free, esp from political, legal or social restrictions
emasculate
v. remove the sexual organs of (a male animal); castrate ;
embargo
n. (on sth) official order that forbids sth, esp trade, the movement of ships, etc
embark
v. ~ (cause sb/sth to) go or be taken on board a ship or an aircraft
embed
to enclose closely in or as if in a matrix
embellish
v. ~ sth make sth beautiful by adding ornaments, etc
embezzlement
n. embezzling
embitter
v. fill with bitter feelings
emblazon
v. decorate with heraldic or other devices
embody
v. ~ sth (in sth) (fml ) express or give visible form to (ideas, feelings, etc)
emboss
raise in a relief
embrace
close encircling with the arms and pressure to the bosom especially as a sign of affection:HUG
embroider
v. ~ A ~ B (with A) decorate (cloth) with needlework
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife; entangle
embryonic
adj. in an early stage of development
emend
v. remove errors from
emendation
n. action of emending
emetic
n, adj causing vomiting
eminent
adj. famous and distinguished
emissary
n. person sent to deliver a message or to conduct negotiations
emollient
n, adj that soothes and softens the skin
emolument
n. (fml or rhet ) profit made from being employed; fee or salary
empathy
n. ability to imagine and share another person's feelings, experience, etc
empirical
adj. based on observation or experiment, not on theory
emulate
v. ~ sb (fml ) try to do as well as or better than sb
enact
v. perform (a part, play, etc) on, or as if on, the stage of a theatre
enamored
(adj.) filled with love and desire
encipher
convert ordinary language into code
encircle
v. form a circle round; surround
enclave
n. small territory of one state surrounded by that of another
encomiastic
[ encomiast: ] en"comi'astic, en"comi'astical adjective
encomium
n. (fml ) very high praise in speech or writing
encompass
v. include or comprise sth
encroachment
n. ~ (fml ) action of encroaching
encumber
to impede or hamper the function or activity of:HINDER
endear
v. ~ sb/oneself to sb make sb/oneself loved or liked by sb
endearment
n. word or expression of affection
endemic
n, adj that is regularly found in a particular country or area, or among a particular group of people
endorse
v. write one's name on the back of
endue
v. ~ sb with sth provide or supply sb with a good quality, ability etc
enduring
adj. continuing in existence; lasting
energize
invigorate; make forceful and active
enervate
v. cause to lose strength or energy
enfranchise
v. give (sb) political rights, esp the right to vote at parliamentary elections
engage
v. ~ sb (fml ) arrange to employ sb; hire sb
engaged
adj. busy; occupied
engaging
adj. likely to attract or occupy the attention; charming
engender
v. be the cause of (a situation or condition)
engross
v. occupy all the time or attention of (sb)
engulf
v. (of the sea, flames, etc) surround (sth) or cause (sth) to disappear; envelop
enhance
v. increase make (sb/sth) look better
enigma
n. question, person, thing, circumstance, etc that is difficult to understand; mystery
enigmatic
adj. difficult to understand; mysterious
enjoin
v. ~ sth (fml or law ) impose (an action or prohibition) on sb; order
enlist
v. ~ (in/for sth); ~ (sb) (as sth) enter or cause (sb) to enter the armed forces
enliven
v. make more lively or cheerful
enmity
n. condition or feeling of being an enemy; hostility
ennui
n. weariness of mind caused by lack of anything interesting or exciting to do; feeling of boredom
enormity
n. great wickedness
enrapture
v. fill (sb) with great delight or joy
ensconce
v. ~ oneself/sb in sth establish or settle oneself in a safe, secret, comfortable, etc place
ensue
v. ~ happen afterwards or as a result; follow
entail
v. make necessary; involve
enterprise
n. project or undertaking, esp one that is difficult or needs courage
enterprising
adj. having or showing enterprise(2)
enthrall
capture; make slave
entice
v. ~ sb (from sth); ~ sb (into sth/doing sth) try to tempt or persuade sb, usu by offering sth pleasant or a reward
entity
n. thing with distinct and real existence
entomology
n. scientific study of insects
entourage
n. all those who accompany and attend an important person
entrance
n. ~ opening, gate, door, passage, etc by which one enters sth
entreat
v. ~ sb (fml ) ask sb (for sth) earnestly and feelingly; beg
entree
n. ~ (into sth) right or privilege of admission or entry
entrepreneur
n. person who starts or organizes a commercial enterprise, esp one involving financial risk
enumerate
v. name one by one; count
enunciate
v. say or pronounce clearly
environ
enclose; surround
eon
n. an indefinitely long period of time
epaulet
an ornamental cloth pad worn on the shoulder
ephemeral
adj. living, lasting, etc for a very short time
epic
n. long poem about the deeds of one or more great heroes, or a nation's past history
epicure
n. person who takes a special interest in and gets great pleasure from food and drink
epicurean
n, adj fond of pleasure and luxury
epigram
n. short poem or saying expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way
epilogue
n. part or section added at the end of a book, play, film, programme, etc, as a comment on the main action
episodic
adj. occurring irregularly; sporadic
epistemologist
[ epistemology: ] e"piste'mologist nou
epitaph
n. words written or said about a dead person, esp words inscribed on a tombstone
epithet
n. adjective or descriptive phrase that refers to the character or most important quality of sb/sth eg Alfred the Great, Attila the Hun ,
epitome
n. thing that shows on a small scale all the characteristics of sth much larger
epoch
n. period of time in history, life, the history of the earth, etc, esp one marked by notable events or characteristics
equable
adj. free from extremes of heat or cold; moderate
equanimity
n. calmness of mind or temper
equestrian
adj. of horse-riding
equilibrium
n. state of being balanced
equine
adj. of or like a horse or horses
equinox
n. either of the two times in the year (around
equipoise
n. balanced state, esp of the mind; equilibrium ;
equitable
adj. fair and just; reasonable
equity
n. fairness; right judgement
equivocal
adj. having a double or doubtful meaning; ambiguous
equivocate
v. speak in an ambiguous way to hide the truth or mislead people
erode
v. destroy or wear (sth) away gradually
erotic
adj. of or arousing sexual desire
errant
adj. doing wrong; misbehaving
erratic
adj. irregular or uneven in movement, quality or behaviour; unreliable
erroneous
adj. incorrect; mistaken
erudite
adj. having or showing great learning; scholarly
escapade
n. daring, mischievous or adventurous act; prank
eschew
v. keep away from (sth); abstain from; avoid
esoteric
adj. likely to be understood by only those with a special knowledge or interest; mysterious; obscure
espionage
n. practice of spying or using spies to obtain secret information
espouse
v. give one's support to (a cause, theory, etc)
esteem
v. (not used in the continuous tenses ) have a high opinion of (sb/sth); respect greatly
estimable
adj. worthy of great respect
estranged
[ estrange: ] [usually passive; often foll by from] to separate and live apart from (one's spouse)
ethereal
adj. of unearthly delicacy and lightness; seeming too spiritual or fairy-like for this world
ethnic
adj. of a national, racial or tribal group that has a common cultural tradition
ethnology
n. science of the different human races, their characteristics, relations to one another, etc
ethos
n. characteristic spirit, moral values, ideas or beliefs of a group, community or culture
etymology
n. study of the origin and history of words and their meanings
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race
eulogistic
adj. full of high praise
eulogy
n. (speech or piece of writing containing) high praise of a person or thing
euphemism
n. use of pleasant, mild or indirect words or phrases in place of more accurate or direct ones
euphony
n. pleasantness of sound, esp in words
euphoria
n. intense feeling of happiness and pleasant excitement
euthanasia
n. gentle and painless death for a person suffering from a painful incurable disease, extreme old age, etc
evanescent
adj. quickly fading; soon disappearing from memory
evasive
adj. having the aim or intention of avoiding capture, of not giving a direct answer, etc
evenhanded
without partiality
eventual
adj. happening at last as a result; ultimate
evince
v. show clearly that one has (a feeling, quality, etc); exhibit
evocative
adj. ~ that evokes or is able to evoke memories, feelings, etc (of sth)
evoke
v. bring to mind (a feeling, memory, etc); summon up
ewe
n. female sheep
exacerbate
v. make (pain, disease, a situation) worse; aggravate
exact
adj. correct in every detail; precise
exacting
adj. making great demands; requiring great effort
exalt
v. make (sb) higher in rank or greater in power
exasperate
v. irritate or annoy greatly
except
prep ~ ~ (that...) not including (sb/sth); but not
exceptionable
adj. that sb can object to
excerpt
n. ~ passage, extract, from a book, film, piece of music, etc
exchequer
n. the Exchequer government department in charge of public money
excise
n. government tax on certain goods manufactured, sold or used within a country
exclaim
v. cry out suddenly and loudly from pain, anger, surprise, etc
excoriate
to censure scathingly
exculpate
v. ~ sb (fml ) free sb from blame; say that sb is not guilty
execrable
adj. verybad; terrible
execrate
to declare to be evil or detestable:DENOUNCE
execute
v. carry out, perform (what one is asked or told to do)
executioner
n. public official who carries out a death sentence
executive
adj. concerned with the management and carrying out of plans, decisions, etc
executor
n. person who is appointed by the maker of a will to carry out the terms of the will
exegesis
n. (fml ) explanation and interpretation of a written work, esp the Bible ,
exemplary
adj. serving as an example; suitable for imitation
exemplify
v. be a typical example of (sth)
exempt
adj. ~ free from an obligation, duty or payment; not liable
exertion
n. action of applying influence, etc
exhale
v. breathe (sth) out
exhilarating
adj. very exciting; causing happiness
exhort
v. ~ sb (fml ) advise sb strongly or earnestly; urge sb
exhume
v. take from the ground (for examination)
exigency
n. (condition of) urgent need or demand; emergency
exiguous
adj. very small (in amount); scanty
existential
adj. of or relating to (esp human) existence
exodus
n. ~ (to...) (fml or joc ) departure of many people at one time
exonerate
to relieve of a responsibility, obligation, or hardship
exorbitant
adj. (of a price, charge, etc) much too high or great; unreasonable
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
exotic
adj. introduced from another country; not native
expansive
adj. able or tending to expand
expatiate
v. ~ on/upon sth write or speak at great length or in detail about a subject
expatriate
n. person living outside his own country
expedient
adj. useful, helpful or advisable for a particular purpose, though not necessarily fair or moral
expedite
v. help the progress of (work, business, etc); hasten or speed up
expeditious
adj. done with speed and efficiency
expenditure
n. action of spending or using
expertise
n. expert knowledge or skill, esp in a particular field
expiate
v. accept punishment for (wrong one has done) and do something to show one is sorry; make up for
expletive
n. violent (often meaningless) exclamation said in anger, pain, etc; swear-word
explicate
v. explain and analyse (esp an idea, a statement or a work of literature) in detail
explicit
adj. (of a statement, etc) clearly and fully expressed
exploit
n. brave or adventurous deed or action
expository
serving to expound or set fourth
expostulation
n. protest; reasoned persuasion, etc
exposure
n. action of exposing or state of being exposed
expound
v. ~ sth (fml ) explain or make sth clear by giving details
expropriate
v. ~ sth (from sb) take away (property, etc) for public use without payment to the owner
expunge
v. ~ sth (fml ) remove or wipe out (words, names, etc) from a list, book, etc
expurgate
v. remove improper or objectionable parts from (a book, etc)
exquisite
adj. extremely beautiful or delicate; finely or skilfully made or done
extant
adj. still in existence
extemporaneous
adj. spoken or done without preparation; extempore ;
extenuate
v. make (wrongdoing) less serious (by providing an excuse)
extirpate
v. remove or destroy (sth) completely
extol
v. ~sb (as sth) (fml ) praise (sb/sth) highly
extort
v. ~ sth obtain sth by violence, threats, etc
extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another
extraneous
adj. ~ not belonging to or directly connected with the subject or matter being dealt with
extrapolation
n. ~ (fml )
extricate
v. ~ sb/sth (fml ) set sb/sth free; release sb/sth ;
extrinsic
adj. ~ (fml ) (of qualities, values, etc) not belonging to or part of the real nature of a person or thing; coming from outside
extrovert
n. person more interested in what is happening around him than in his own thoughts and emotions
extrude
v. ~ sth (fml ) force or squeeze out sth under pressure
exuberance
n. state or quality of being exuberant
exuberant
adj. overflowing with happiness and excitement; very lively and cheerful
exude
v. ~ (sth) (from/through sth) (of drops of liquid, etc) come or pass out slowly; ooze out
exult
v. ~ (at/in sth) get great pleasure from sth; rejoice greatly
fabricate
v. invent
facade
n. front (of a building)
facet
n. any of the many sides of a cut stone or jewel
facetious
adj. intended to be amusing, often inappropriately
facile
adj. easily obtained or achieved (and so not highly valued)
facilitate
v. (of an object, a process, etc but not of a person) make (sth) easy or less difficult
facsimile
n. exact copy or reproduction of writing, printing, a picture, etc
faction
n. small united group within a larger one, esp in politics
factious
adj. of or causedby faction
factitious
adj. deliberately created or developed; unnatural; artificial
factotum
n. person employed to do all kinds of work
faculty
n. any of the powers of the body or mind
fake
n. object (eg a work of art) that seems genuine but is not
fallacious
adj. misleading; based on error
fallible
adj. liable to make mistakes
fallow
adj. ploughed but left unplanted to restore its fertility
falsify
make false by mutilation or addition; as of a message or story
falter
v. move, walk or act hesitantly, usu because of weakness, fear or indecision
fanaticism
n. great or obsessive enthusiasm
fancied
imaginary; unreal
fancier
n. person with a special interest in and love for sth
fanciful
adj. using the imagination rather than reason
fancy
n. power of the mind to imagine
fanfare
n. short ceremonial piece of music, usu played on trumpets
fantastic
adj. wild and strange
farce
n. funny play for the theatre based on unlikely situations and events
far-fetched
adj. (of a comparison) strained; unnatural
fashion
n. manner or way of doing sth
fastidious
adj. selecting carefully; choosing only what is good ;
fatalism
n. belief that events are decided by fate(1); acceptance of all that happens as inevitable ;
fathom
n. measure of the depth of water , 61.8
fathomless
adj. too deep to measure
fatuous
adj. stupid and silly; foolish
fauna
n. all the animals of an area or a period of time
favoritism
[ favouritism: ] the practice of giving special treatment to a person or group
fawning
[ fawn: ] a young deer of either sex aged under one year
faze
v. fluster (sb)
feasible
adj. that can be done; practicable; possible
feature
n. one of the named parts of the face (eg nose, mouth, eyes) which together form its appearance
febrile
adj. caused by a fever
feckless
adj. inefficient; irresponsible ;
fecundity
n.
feebleminded
feign
v. pretend
feint
n. pretended attack to distract an opponent's attention from the main attack
felicitous
adj. (esp of words) well-chosen; apt
felicity
n. great happiness
feline
adj. n animal of the cat family
fell
pt of fall1
felon
n. person guilty of felony
feral
adj. (of animals) wild or savage, esp after escaping from captivity or from life as a pet
ferment
v. change chemically through the action of organic substances (esp yeast)
fermentation
n. fermenting
ferocious
adj. fierce, violent or savage
ferret
n. small animal of the weasel family, kept for driving rabbits from their burrows, killing rats, etc
fertile
adj. able to produce much; rich in nutrients
fervent
adj. showing warmth and sincerity of feeling; enthusiastic; passionate
fervid
adj. = fervent
fervor
intensity of feeling or expression
fester
v. become infected and filled with pus
festive
adj. of or suitable for a feast or festival; joyous
fete
n. outdoor entertainment or sale, usu to raise money for a special purpose
fetid
adj. smelling foul or unpleasant; stinking
fetish
n. object that is worshipped, esp because a spirit is believed to live in it
fetter
n. chain put round the feet of a person or animal to limit movement
feud
n. long and bitter quarrel between two people, families or groups
fiasco
n. complete and ridiculous failure
fiat
n. formal authorization, order or decree
fickle
adj. often changing; not constant
fictitious
adj. imagined or invented; not real
fidelity
n. ~ loyalty; faithfulness
fiend
n. evil spirit; devil
figment
n. thing that is not real but only imagined
figurative
adj. (of words) used in an imaginative or a metaphorical way rather than literally
figure
n. written symbol for a number, esp 0 to 9 09
figurine
n. small ornamental statue, esp of a person
filch
v. steal (esp sth of small value)
filial
adj. of or expected from a son or daughter
filibuster
n. person who tries to delay or prevent the making of decisions in (esp parliamentary) meetings by making long speeches
filigree
n. fine ornamental work using gold, silver or copper wire
filing
[ card: ] an index in which each item is separately listed on systematically arranged cards
filth
n. disgusting dirt
finale
n. last part of a piece of music or a drama, etc
finery
n. gay and elegant clothes or decoration
finesse
n. skill in dealing with people or situations cleverly or tactfully
finicky
adj. too fussy about food, clothes, etc
finish
v. come or bring (sth) to an end
finished
adj. ~ (infml ) in a state of having completed sth or no longer dealing with sb/sth
finite
adj. having bounds; limited; not infinite
firebrand
n. piece of burning wood
fissure
n. long deep crack in rock or in the earth
fit
adj. ~ for sb/sth; ~ to do sth suitable or suited for sb/sth; well adapted for sb/sth; good enough for sb/sth
fitful
adj. occurring in short periods, not regularly and steadily
flaccid
adj. soft and weak; loose and limp; not firm ;
flag
n. piece of cloth with a particular design, that can be attached by one edge to a rope, pole, etc and used as a symbol of a country, party, etc or as a signal
flagrant
adj. particularly bad, shocking and obvious
flail
n. tool consisting of a stick swinging from a long handle, used esp formerly to separate grain from chaff ,
flair
n. ~ for sth natural ability to do sth well
flamboyant
adj. showy, very confident and extravagant
flashy
adj. attractive but usu not in good taste; showy
flaunt
v. show (sth considered valuable) in order to gain the admiration of other people
flay
v. remove the skin from (a dead animal)
fleck
n. ~ very small patch or spot of a colour
fledgling
inexperienced
fleece
n. woolly hair of a sheep or similar animal
fleet
n. group of warships, submarines, etc under one commander
flick
n. quick light blow, eg with a whip or the tip of a finger
flicker
v. (of a light or flame) burn or shine unsteadily
flighty
adj. (esp of a woman or her behaviour) changeable and unreliable; not serious
flinch
v. move or draw back suddenly, from shock, fear or pain
flip
v. toss (sth) with a sharp movement of the thumb and forefinger so that it turns over in the air
flippancy
n. being flippant
flippant
adj. not showing sufficient respect or seriousness
flirt
v. ~ behave (towards sb) in a romantic or suggestive way but without serious intentions
flit
v. fly or move lightly and quickly from one place to another
floe
n. sheet of floating ice, usu on the sea
flora
n. all the plants of a particular area or period of time
florescence
the process, state, or period of flowering
florid
adj. elaborate and ornate; excessively decorated or colourful
flotsam
n. parts of a wrecked ship or its cargo found floating in the sea
flounder
v. move or struggle helplessly or clumsily; move with difficulty, as through mud or deep snow
flourish
v. be successful, very active, or widespread; prosper
flout
v. disobey openly and scornfully
flowery
adj. covered with or having a lot of flowers
fluctuate
v. ~ (of a price, number, rate, etc) rise and fall; change irregularly
fluctuation
n. ~ (of/in sth)
fluency
n. quality or condition of being fluent
fluke
n. (infml ) thing that is accidentally successful; lucky stroke in a game
flush
n. flow of blood to the face that causes a red colouring; blush
fluster
v. make nervous and confused
fluted
(esp. of the shaft of a column) having flutes
flutter
v. (of the wings of birds, butterflies, etc) move lightly and quickly
flux
n. continuous change or succession of changes; unsettled state
fodder
n. dried food, hay, etc forhorses and farm animals ,
foible
n. small, usu harmless, peculiarity or weakness in a person's character
foil
n. metal rolled or hammered into a very thin flexible sheet
foist
v. foist sth on sb force sb into accepting sth not wanted
foliage
n. leaves of a tree or plant; leaves with their stems and branches
foment
v. arouse or increase
foolhardy
adj. foolishly bold or rash; reckless
foppish
adj. of or like a fop
foray
n. sudden attack, esp to obtain sth; raid
forbearance
n. patient self-control; tolerance
ford
n. shallow place in a river where one can walk or drive across
forebears
n. person from whom one is descended;ancestor
foreboding
n. ~ strong feeling that danger or trouble is coming
forensic
adj. of, related to or used in law
forerunner
n. person or thing that prepares the way for the coming of sb or sth else more important; sign of what is to follow
foreshadow
v. be a sign or warning of
foresight
n. ability to see what one's future needs are likely to be; careful planning
forestall
v. act before so as to prevent him from doing sth
forfeit
v. lose or give up (sth) as a consequence of or punishment for having done sth wrong, or in order to achieve sth
forge
n. workshop with a fire and an anvil where metals are heated and shaped, esp one used by a smith for making horseshoes
forgo
v. give up or do without (esp sth pleasant)
forlorn
adj. lonely and unhappy; uncared for
formality
n. careful observance of rules, conventions, etc of language or behaviour
formidable
adj. causing fear or great anxiety; frightening; awesome
forsake
v. (fml ) give (sth) up; renounce
forswear
v. (promise to) give up (sth); renounce
forte
n. thing that sb does particularly well; strong point
forthcoming
adj. about to happen or appear in the near future
forthright
adj. clear and honest in manner and speech; straightforward
fortitude
n. courage, endurance and self-control in facing pain, danger or difficulty
fortuitous
adj. happening by chance or coincidence
forum
n. place where important public issues can be discussed
forward
adj. directed or moving towards the front
foster
v. help the growth or development of (sth); encourage or promote
foul
adj. having a bad smell or taste; dirty and disgusting
founder
n. person who founds or establishes sth
fracas
n. (usu sing)noisy quarrel, fight, or disturbanc
fractious
adj. irritable; bad-tempered
frail
adj. physically weak or delicate
frailty
n. physical weakness
franchise
n. right to vote at public elections
frantic
adj. in an extreme state of emotion, esp fear or anxiety
fraudulent
adj. deceitful or dishonest
fraught
adj. ~ with sth filled with sth; charged with sth
fray
n. the fray fight, contest or argument; lively or challenging action
freebooter
buccaneer
frenetic
adj. very excited; frenzied; frantic
frenzied
adj. wildly excited or agitated; frantic
fresco
n. picture painted in water-colour on a wall or ceiling before the plaster is dry
fret
v. ~ (about/at/over sth) (cause sb to) become unhappy, bad-tempered, or anxious about sth; worry
friction
n. rubbing of one surface or thing against another
frieze
n. band of sculpture or decoration round the top of a wall or building
frigid
adj. very cold
fringe
n. (US bang) front hair cut so that it hangs over the forehead
frisk
v. pass one's hands over (sb) in a search for hidden weapons, drugs, etc
fritter
v. fritter sth away (on sth) waste (esp one's time or money) foolishly (on small useless things)
frivolous
adj. not sensible or serious; foolish and light-hearted
frock
n. dress worn by women or girls
frolic
v. ~ (about) play about in a lively happy way
frolicsome
adj. merry; playful
frond
n. leaf-like part of a fern or palm
fructify
v. (fml ) (cause sth to) bear fruit or be fruitful
frugality
thrift
fruitful
adj. having many good results; productive or profitable; successful
fruition
n. fulfilment of hopes, plans, etc; getting what one wants or has worked for
frustrate
v. prevent (sb) from doing or achieving sth
fuddle
v. confuse (sb/sth), esp with alcoholic drink
fugitive
n. ~ person who is running away or escaping
fulcrum
n. point on which a lever is supported
fulminate
v. ~ protest strongly and loudly
fulsome
adj. excessive and insincere
fumble
v. touch or handle awkwardly or nervously
functional
adj. of or having a functionor functions
functionary
n. person with official duties
fundamental
adj. of or forming the basis or foundation of sth; essential
funereal
adj. suitable for a funeral; gloomy; dismal
furor
A general commotion; public disorder or uproar.
furrow
n. long narrow trench cut in the earth, esp by a plough
furtive
adj. done secretly and quietly so as not to be noticed
fusillade
n. continuous or simultaneous shooting of guns
fusion
n. the blending or uniting of different things into one, by melting, etc
fuss
n. (esp unnecessary) nervous excitement or activity
fussy
adj. (usu derog ) nervously active or excited about small things
futile
adj. producing no result; useless; pointless