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25 Cards in this Set

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Treaty of Fort Laramie
-the agreement between the Sioux and the U.S. in which the Sioux agreed to live on a reservation.

-was forced on the leaders of the Sioux in 1868.
George A. Custer
-colonel in charge of the Seventh Cavalry.

-he was defeated by the Sioux at Little Bighorn River.
Sitting Bull
-leader of the Hunkpapa Sioux.

-was a key Sioux leader in the defeat of colonel George Custer.

-eventually, he performed in Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show.
Dawes Act
-federal gov't act which broke up Native American reservations, giving each men 160 acres of land to farm.

-in time, 2/3 of the land set aside for Native Americans had been taken by whites.
Battle of Wounded Knee
-the 1890 massacre of 300 unarmed Sioux, including women and children.

-brought the Indian wars to an end.
Imperialism
-when a stronger nation dominates a weaker nation.

-by the 1880s, many U.S leaders were convinced the country needed to join the imperialist race
Alfred T. Mahan
-U.S. Navy Admiral

-urged the U.S. to build up its navy to compete with other nations.
William Seward
-Secretary of State under presidents Lincoln and Johnson.

-persuaded Congress to purchase Alaska from the Russians.
Pearl Harbor
-best port in the Hawaiian Islands.

-the U.S. built base there, which became an important refueling stop for American ships.
Sanford B. Dole
-U.S. sugar grower who urged the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy.

-was put in power and refused to give it once in office.
Jose Marti
-a Cuban poet and journalist who launched revolution against Spain.

-he died fighting the Spanish.
Valeriano Weyler
-Spanish general sent to Cuba to restore order after the revolution began.

-he herded 300,000 Cubans into concentration camps where thousands died of hunger and disease.
Yellow Journalism
-sensational, exaggerated news designed to gain newspaper readers.

-Hearst and Pulitzer used this to create newspaper sales and to make money.
U.S.S. Maine
-naval ship sent to Cuba to bring home U.S. citizens in danger from the Cuban Revolution.

-its mysterious sinking, which killed many men, was blamed on the Spanish.
Rough Riders
-volunteer cavalry under the command of Theodore Roosevelt.

-they were unfairly given credit for taking San Juan Hill in Cuba.
Teller Amendment
-an amendment put into the D.O.W. against Spain

-it guaranteed Cuba would be granted independence after the Spanish were defeated.
Platt Amendment
-amendment added to the Cuban constitution at the insistence of the U.S.

-these gave the U.S. substantial control over decisions made by the Cuban gov't.
Emilio Aguinaldo
-nationalist leader of the Philippines who wanted independence.

-led the battle against the U.S. in the Philippines.
John Hay
-Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt.

-he wrote letters to foreign leaders known as Open Door notes, which stated China should be open to all foreign trade.
Boxer Rebellion
-an uprising by Chinese frustrated with foreign influence in China.

-hundreds of missionaries and thousands of Chinese died before it was put down.
Panama Canal
-the canal built by the U.S. under Theodore Roosevelt's administration.

-was built to reduce the time needed for military and commercial ships to get between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Roosevelt Corollary
-an extension to the powers established under the Monroe Doctrine.

-it enabled the U.S. to protect its economic and political interests in Latin America with military force.
Dollar Diplomacy
-President Taft's policy of having the U.S. gov't guarantee loans made by American business people.

-it further justified keeping Europeans out of Latin America.
Missionary Diplomacy
-President Wilson's policy of not officially recognizing oppressive gov'ts in Latin America.

-it was intended to promote democracy in Latin America.
John J. "Black Jack" Pershing
-U.S general who led a military force into Mexico after Pancho Villa.

-he and his army chased Villa through Mexico for a year without catching him.