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30 Cards in this Set

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Non-Selective Medias
Chocolate Agar
LB agar
Tryptic Soy Agar (TSA)
Selective Media
MacConkey
Mannitol Salt
Antibiotic-containing
Differential
MacConkey
Mannitol Salt
Lysine Iron
Saphrophytes
not associated with disease
free living organisms
most common
ie. Bacillus spp
Commencials
live in association with host
benifit to both
ie. staphylococcus
Oppertunistic
cause disease in comprimised host
ie. pseudomonas
Pathogens
causes disease in competent host
ie. Bacillus anthracis
Responsible for odor of the arm pits
corynebacterium xerosis
colonizers of the skin are...
obligate aerobes ore faculatative anaerobes
oppertunistic pathogens of the skin?
Staphylococcus aureus
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Bacteria of the oral cavity are...
facultative or obligate anaerobes
Oppertunistic bacteria of the oral cavity are?
Alpha hemolytic and non-hemolytic streptococcus that can give rise to endocarditis
Oppertunisitc bacteria of stomach?
streptococcus spp
Helicobacter pylori
Oppertunistic bacteria of the duodenum and jejunum?
streptococcus spp
bacteriodes spp
Oppertunistic bacteria of the ileum?
enterococcus faecalis
bacteriodes
clostridium
enterbacteraciae
Oppertunisic bacteria of the colon?
bacteriodes
clostridium
enterococcus
Prior to puberty and after menopause vaginal secretions are?
alkaline
bacteria the live in the alkaline secretions of the vagina?
staphylococci and streptococci

pre-puberty and post-menopause
During puberty vaginal secretions are?
acidic due to glycogen fermentation in epithelial cells due to oestrogens
Predominate flora during puberty in the vagina?
lactobacilli
3 types of extracellular bacteria
staphlococcus
streptococcus
clostridium
3 types of cytoplasmic intracellular bacteria
listeria
shigella
francsella
3 types of phsgosomal intracellular bacteria
mycobacterium
legionella
salmonella
Ways to combat extracellular bacteria
complement
antibodies
pahgocytosis
Ways to combat intracellular cytoplasmic bacteria
cytotoxic t cells
nk cells
ways to combat intracellular phagosomal bacteria
Th2 lymphocytes
IgG antibodies
lysosomes
Fimbriae (pili) are used for?
binding and adherance to other bacteria and host cells
What is fermentation?
conversion of pyruvate into acids alcohols and/or gases
What is anaerobic respiration?
Nitrate, sulfate and CO2 are e- acceptors
Aerobic respiration
O2 is the final e- acceptor
TCA, e- transport chain, glyoxylate shunt