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45 Cards in this Set

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-Gram Neg Rod
-Highly Anti-Ab resistant
-Aerobic
-Oxidase +
-H20 Soluble Pigments
-Smells Like Grapes
-Keep Away from Burn or Cys fib. Pat
PSEUDOMONAS
-Gram Neg CoccoBacillary
-Non-Fermenter
-Nosocomial Infections- Wounds and Respitory
-Reisistant to Anti-ab
ACINETOBACTER
-Gram Neg Coccobacillary
-Req Enriched Media
-Ottis Media and Lower Respitory infections
-Normal Oropharyngeal Flora
MORAXELLA
-Gram Neg Coccobacillary
-VERY SMALL
-Need Blood for Optimal Growth
-Satellite Theory
-Pathogenic Species Have Capsule
HAEMOPHILUS
-Gram Neg Coccobacillary
-Grow on Blood Agar
-Oxidase +
-Infection via Dog/Cat bite
-Too few Bac on Gram stain so can't see
PASTEURELLA
-Gram Neg, Tiny CoccoBacillis
-Looks Like Hameophilus
-Growth is Slow
-Survives Breifly outside respitory tract
-Toxins aid in virulence
BORDETELLA
-Gram Neg, Very Small
-Strict Aerobe
-Facultaive Intracellular of RES
-Require Special Media for Growth
FRANCISELLA
-Gram Neg, Coccobacilli
-Nonmotile
-Noncapsulated
-NonFermenters
-A&M are Ag Variants
-Fac.Intracell. Lesions of the Repro.Tract and RES
-Slow Growth
BRUCELLA
-Gram Neg. Slender Rods
-Nutrionally Fastidious
-Stains Poor
-Fac.Intracell.
-Multiply In Alveloar MO
-Survives in Moist Enviroments
-Disinfectant resistant
-Present in Lake, Pool, A/C
LEGIONELLA
-Gram Neg.
-Obligate IntraCellular Pathogen
-Spread by Inhalation or ingestion
-Desiccation Resistant
-Likes RES system
COXIELLA BURNETII
-Gram Neg, Bacilli
-Aerobic
-Fastidious
-Slow Growth upto Week 6
-Cat Scatch Diease
BARTONELLA
-Thin Spirochetes w/ Hooked Ends
-Highly Motile
-Obligate Aerobe
-Fastidous, req Complex Media
-Slow Growth
LEPTOSPIRA
-Long Thin, Gram Neg Spirochete
-Can't see in gram stain, b/c too thin
-Very Slow Replication
-Faculative Anaerobes prefer Anaerobic conditions
TREPONEMA
-Weak Stain Gram Neg Spirochete
-Found in Peripheral Blood for Dx
-Bull's Eye Rash from Tick
-Erythema Migrans
BORRELIA
-Gram Neg COCCI
-occur in pairs KIDNEY BEAN
-Diff. LPS w/short side chains that lack repeating Polysac units.
-Short of LPS is LOS
NEISSERIA
-Gram Neg Bacilli
- Low Lipid in LPS, Lower Toxicity
-Found in GI Tract in Normal Flora
-Opportunistic Infections
BACTEROIDES
-Included in Bacteroides group of Anaerobes
-Dark Black Pigment
-Anti-PO capsule
PREVOTELLA & PORPHYROMAS
-Gram Negative, Comma Shaped Rod.
-Classic Cholera
-Faculative Anaerobe
VIBRIO
-Gram Neg-Very Small Comma-shaped Rods
-Motile Polar Flagella
-Non-Fermenter
-Need MicroAerophilic Enviroment
CAMPYLOBACTER
-Gram Neg- Spiral bacilli
-resemble Campylobacter
-found in Stomach
-NOT found in Intestines
-Non-Fermenter
-use Silver Stain
HELICOBACTER
-Gram Neg small Coccobacilli
-Stain best w/ Giemsa
-Tiny
-Grow in Cytoplasm of EUK cells
-Obligate Intracelluar Parasites
-Dx-Serology
RICKETTSIA
-Gram Neg
-Obligate Intracelluar
-WBC associated Bac
-Human Monocytic Diease
-Live in Cytoplasmic Mem. Lined Vacoules
EHRLICHIA
-Gram- Variable- Rod
-Cell wall Like Gram Pos. but Thinner
-Catalase Neg
-Part of Endo. Vaginal Flora
-Urethreas of Males w/ partners with bac Vaginosis
GARDNERELLA VAGINALIS
-No Cell Wall
-Tiny
-Pleomorphic
-Fac. Anaerobes
-Fastidious-need Animal Sterols
-Fried Egg Colony
MYCOPLASMA/UREOPLASMA
-Gram Neg Bacilli
-NO Peptidyalglycan Wall
-Obligate Intracelluar
-only bac w/ a Life Cycle
CHLAMYDIAE
-Acid Fast
-Mycolic cell wall
-Aerobic
-Slow Growth
-Lesion due to Delayed Hypersensitivity and Intracelluar growth
MYCOBACTERIUM
-Gram +, Grape like Clusters
-Salt Tolerant
-Tolerant to Desiccaton
-Catalase Postive
-Penicillinase or B-lactamase Postive
-Pathogenic Form Coagulase Positive
STAPHYLOCOCCUS
-Gram + Cocci
-Grow in Chains
-Faculative Anaerobes
-Prefer MicroAerophilic or Anaerobic Enviro.
-Hemolytic
-Catalase Negative
STREPTOCOCCUS
-Gram + Cocci or Oval Cocci
-Pair or Short Chains
-Major Comensuals of Intestine and GI Tract
-Faculative Anaerobes
-NaCl aand Bile Salt Tolerant
-Fastidious
-Catalae Neg
-Group D Ag
-no growth of Maconkey Agar
ENTEROCOCCUS
-Gram +, Large Rods
-Part of Normal Flora of Vagina and Mouth
-Maintain Acidity of Vagina via metabolzing Lactose
-Prevent overgrowth or colnizations via Bacteriocin production
LACTOBACILLUS
-Gram +, Club Shaped Rods
-Contains Mycolic Acid
-Growth with Animal products
-Pasilades after Divison
CORYNEBACTERIUM
-Gram +, Club shaped, Rod
-Facultative Intracellular Organism
-Grows Slow
-Propels to other hosts via host Actin in MO
LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES
-Gram +, Large Rods
-Produce Endospores
-Fac. Anaerobe
-Prefers Aerobic Env
-Grows Fast on reg Media
BACILLUS
-Gram+ large rod
-Aerotolerant
-Strict Anaerobe
-Beta-Hemolytic
-Forms Endospores
-All species Produces Toxin
CLOSTRIDIUM
-Gram + Rods
-Opportunistic Pathogens
-Form Branching Filaments
-Slow growth
-part of Microbiotica
ACTINOMYCES
-Gram +, Rod
-Appear Gram Negative
-Form Branching Filaments
-Weak Acid Fast
-contains Mycolic Acid
-Strict Aerobe
-Catalase Positive
-Superoxide Dismutase Pos.
-Look Fuzzy
NOCARDIA
-Gram Neg Rod
-Lactose Positive
-Have O K H Ag's
E. COLI
-Gram Neg Rods
-Lactose Neg
-Motile w/ Flagella
-Human pathogens linked to Animals
YERSINIA
-Gram Neg Rods
-Lactose Neg
-Opportunistic Pathogen
-Peritrichous Flagella
-Cause Severe pyelonephritis
-Swarms Blood Agar
PROTEUS
-Gram Neg Rod
-Lactose positive
-Polysacc Capsule, Glistening Mucoid cap. Prevents PO
-String Test
KLEBSIELLA
-Gram Neg Rod
-Slow Lactose Pos.
-Red Pigment
-Opportunstic Infections
-Drug Resistant
SERRATIA
-Gram Neg Rod
-Lactose Positive
-Look Like Klebsiella, But NOT slimy
-Peritrichous
-Found in MIxed Infections
-Highly Drug Resistant
-Opporunistic Infections
ENTEROBACTER
-Gram Neg Rods
-Lactose Neg
-Motile
-Flagella undergo Ag-Switch
-Serotypes adapated to Particular Hosts
SALMONELLA
-Gram Neg Rod
-Lactose Neg
-Produce Shiga Toxin
-Non-motile NO H-Ag
-Faculative IntraCellular Bac
-Cause of Classic Dysentery
-Look Like E.coli but Lac(-)
SHIGELLA
-GRAM NEG
-Free Living and Part of Flora
-All Facultative Anaerobes
-All Oxidase Positive
-Most Common Cause of UTI's
-Cell Wall and Surface components Antigenic
Familiy ENTEROBACTERIACEA