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17 Cards in this Set

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Why do we need Equal Employment Opportunity laws?
To eliminate the major forms of employment discrimination that creates unreasonable hardships on employees.
Where can the Fair Employment Practices Act be found? And what does it do?
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 – intended to eliminate job discrimination based on the protected classes: race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
What is the scope of coverage of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
Applies to:
1) employers who had 15 or more employees for at least 20 weeks in the current or preceding year.
2) All employment agencies
3) Labor unions with 15 or more members
4) State and local governments and their agencies
5) Most Federal Employment

Does not apply to:
Indian tribes and tax exempt private clubs
Forms of employment discrimination under Title VII
Disparate Treatment Discrimination – Occurs when an employer discriminates against a specific individual because of his/her race, color, national origin, sex, or religion.

Disparate Impact Discrimination – Occurs when an employer discriminates against an entire protected class. An example would be where facially neutral employment practice or rule causes an adverse impact on a protected class.
What is a hostile work environment?
When an employee has the potential to be discriminated against in a work setting
Know the difference between sex discrimination and sexual harassment
Sex Discrimination – Discrimination against a person solely because of his/her gender.

Sexual Harassment – Lewd remarks, touching, intimidation, posting pinups, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature that occur on the job.
Know religious discrimination and how it’s applied to real situations.
Discrimination against a person solely because of his/her religion or religious practices.
Know examples to defenses to a Title VII action.
Employers can select or promote employees based on merit, seniority, or is considered BFOQ – bona fide occupational qualification in which employment discrimination is allowed if it is job related and a business necessity.

Example – Johnson controls and lead battery factory, reversed and remanded b/c not their decision.
Define and know examples for the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Imposes obligations on employers and providers of public transportation, telecommunications, and public accommodations to accommodate individuals with disabilities.

Ex) U.S. supreme court and United Airlines with corrected eye-sight.
Be able to define affirmative action and reverse discrimination
Affirmative Action is a policy that provides that certain job preferences will be given to minority or other protected-class applicants when an employer makes an employment decision.

Reverse Discrimination is discrimination against a group that is usually thought of as a majority.
Define and know the rules for the Age Discrimination Act (ADEA)
Prohibits age discrimination against employees whoa re 40 years old and older.
Covers non-federal employers with at least 20 employees, labor unions with at least 25 members, all employment agencies, employees of state and local government (except in policy making positions) and employees of certain federal government sectors.
What is Equal Opportunity in Employment?
The right of all employees and job applicants to be treated without discrimination and to be able to sue employers if they are discriminated.
What is the Pregnancy Discrimination Act?
Amendment to Title VII that forbids employment discrimination because of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions.
What is the Equal Pay Act of 1963?
Protects both sexes from pay discrimination based on sex; extends to jobs that require equal skill, equal effort, equal responsibility, and similar working conditions.
What is the Older Workers Benefit Protection Act?
Prohibits age discrimination in employee benefits.
Who is qualified individual with a disability?
A person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of his/her major life activities, a record of such impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment.
What is the Civil Rights Act of 1866?
An act enacted after the Civil War that says all persons have the same right to make and enforce contracts as is enjoyed by white persons; it prohibits racial and national origin employment discrimination.