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157 Cards in this Set

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by word of mouth
orally
by way of caution
as an alarm
by virture of
in virture of;
On the grounds of, by reason of;
By virtue of a large inheritance she could easily afford not to work
by leaps and bounds
Rapidly, or in fast progress, as in The corn is growing by leaps and bounds, or School enrollment is increasing by leaps and bounds. This term is a redundancy, since leap and bound both mean "spring" or "jump," but the two words have been paired since Shakespeare's time and are still so used
by any stretch
Beyond ordinary limits, especially of the imagination. For example, She could not, by any stretch of the imagination, be considered a great actress. The phrase sometimes is put in the negative, by no stretch, as in By no stretch can that work be called an opera. [Late 1700s]
by inches
Also, inch by inch. Gradually, bit by bit, as in We found ourselves in rush hour traffic, moving by inches. Shakespeare used this term in Coriolanus (5:4): "They'll give him death by inches." Despite the increasing use of metric measurements, it survives, often as an exaggeration of the actual circumstance. The phrase to inch along, first recorded in 1812, means "to move bit by bit," as in There was a long line at the theater, just inching along
by hook or crook
by any means
crook
1.
adj. - 彎曲的

2.
n. - 彎曲的東西, 曲柄杖, 鉤, 彎曲
v. tr. - 使彎曲, 使成鉤形, 欺騙, 偷竊
v. intr. - 彎曲, 成鉤形

idioms:

crook of 彎曲的部分
hook, line, and sinker
completely
hooky
逃学者

idioms:

play hooky 逃学, 偷懒
by fits and starts
with many interruptions
by dint of
by means of
by degrees
gradually
by and large
For the most part, generally speaking, as in By and large the novel was a success. This expression originated in 17th-century seamanship, where it referred to sailing into the wind and then off it, which made it easier to steer. By the early 1700s the term had been broadened to mean "in one direction and another," whence its present meaning of "in general." For a synonym, see for the most part.
by all odds
by far;
against all odds
In spite of seeming very unlikely, as in Against all odds we had a snowstorm in early May, or Against all odds the slower team won
buttress
support
butter up
fawn;
flatter;
To compliment excessively and ingratiatingly: adulate, blandish, flatter, honey, slaver. Informal soft-soap, sweet-talk
butt in;
butt out
butt
push;
bump
bustle
flurry;
fluster;
v. tr. - 使慌亂, 使緊張不安, 使激動
v. intr. - 慌亂, 變得緊張不安
n. - 慌亂, 混亂, 狼狽
burrow
den;
hole
burn the candle at both ends
Exhaust one's energies or resources by leading a hectic life
burn one's finger
Harm oneself
burn one's bridge(boat)
Commit oneself to an irreversible course
buoyant
(boi'ənt, bū'yənt)
有浮力的, 心情愉快的
buoy
n. - 浮標, 救生圈, 浮筒
v. tr. - 使浮起, 鼓勵, 支撐

idioms:

buoy up 使浮起, 支持
moor
1.
v. tr. - 使停泊, 系泊, 固定, 系住
v. intr. - 停泊, 系泊, 被固定, 被系住

2.
n. - 沼澤, 禁獵的沼澤地
heath
moor
peat bog
heath
bungle
v. intr. - 把工作搞糟
v. tr. - 笨手笨腳地做, 搞糟
n. - 粗劣, 笨拙, 失敗
botch
To ruin through clumsiness.
To make or perform clumsily; bungle.
To repair or mend clumsily.
hodgepodge
A mixture of dissimilar ingredients; a jumble
bump off
kill intentionally and with premeditation
Synonyms: murder, slay, hit, dispatch, polish off, remove
bulwark
rampart;
fortification;
citadel
bulge
v.tr.
To cause to curve outward.

v.intr.
To curve outward.
To swell up.
To stick out; protrude.
To be filled or overfilled: pockets bulging with coins
buff
buff
1 (bŭf)
n.
A soft, thick, undyed leather made chiefly from the skins of buffalo, elk, or oxen.
A military uniform coat made of such leather.
A pale, light, or moderate yellowish pink to yellow, including moderate orange-yellow to light yellowish brown.
Informal. Bare skin: swimming in the buff.
A piece of soft material, such as velvet or leather, often mounted on a block and used for polishing.
adj.
Made or formed of buff: a buff jacket.
Of the color buff.
buff·er, buff·est. Slang. Having good muscle tone; physically fit and trim: buff athletes lifting weights at the gym.
tr.v., buffed, buff·ing, buffs.
To polish or shine with a piece of soft material.
To soften the surface of (leather) by raising a nap.
To make the color of buff.
[From obsolete buffle, buffalo, from French buffle, from Late Latin būfalus. See buffalo.]


buff
2 (bŭf)
n. Informal.
One who is enthusiastic and knowledgeable about a subject: a Civil War buff.
budge
1. 微微移动, 让步, 改变意见, 推动, 移动, 使让步, 使改变主意

2. 羔羊皮, 用羔羊皮装饰的, 庄严的, 浮夸的, 自负的
brusque
also
brusk
Abrupt and curt in manner or speech; discourteously blunt.
See synonyms at gruff.
brush up (on)
review;
improve condition
brush off
Dismiss;
rebuff;
snub;
拒绝, 断然解雇
brook
n.
A small stream: creek
v.
To put up with
brood
一窝, 一伙, 孵, 沉思, 孵蛋;
考虑, 抱窝似地静坐, 忧伤, 担忧, 为繁殖而饲养的
broach
To bring up (a subject) for discussion or debate.
To announce: We broached our plans for the new year.
To pierce in order to draw off liquid: broach a keg of beer.
To draw off (a liquid) by piercing a hole in a cask or other container.
To shape or enlarge (a hole) with a tapered, serrated tool.
brooch
A relatively large decorative pin or clasp
brittle
adj., -tler, -tlest.

Likely to break, snap, or crack, as when subjected to pressure: brittle bones.
Easily damaged or disrupted; fragile: a brittle friendship. See synonyms at fragile.

Difficult to deal with; snappish: a brittle disposition.
Lacking warmth of feeling; cold: a reputation for being brittle and aloof.
Brilliantly sharp, as in percussive sound.

Perishable.
Fleeting; transitory.
n.
A confection of caramelized sugar to which nuts are added: walnut brittle.
confection
西点, 果酱, 糖果, 蜜饯;
v.
调制
caramel
(kăr'ə-məl, -mĕl', kär'məl)
A smooth chewy candy made with sugar, butter, cream or milk, and flavoring.
Burnt sugar, used for coloring and sweetening foods.
A moderate yellow brown
caramelize
To convert or be converted into caramel
bristle
刚毛, 猪鬃, 毛发竖立, 怒发冲冠, 给穿鬃毛, 使林立于, 使直立

idioms:

bristle with 充满
brisk
Marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic: had a brisk walk in the park.
Keen or sharp in speech or manner: a brisk greeting.
Stimulating and invigorating: a brisk wind.
Pleasantly zestful: a brisk tea
brink
边缘
brim
brimful of
full of
bridle
马勒, 缰绳, 给系以缰绳, 约束, 上马勒, 控制, 昂首表示轻蔑, 动怒, 生气

idioms:

bridle path 骑马专用道
brazier
fire pan
火盆

2. 黄铜匠
braze
To make of or decorate with brass.
To make hard like brass.
brawny
Strong and muscular. See synonyms at muscular.
Hardened; calloused.
brawl
争吵, 打架, 哗哗声, 哗哗地流水
bravado
Defiant or swaggering behavior: strove to prevent our courage from turning into bravado.
A pretense of courage; a false show of bravery.
A disposition toward showy defiance or false expressions of courage

虚张声势, 蛮干, 冒险
swagger
To walk or conduct oneself with an insolent or arrogant air; strut.
To brag; boast.
brash
Hasty and unthinking; impetuous.
Rash.
Lacking in sensitivity or tact.
Presumptuously forward; impudent. See synonyms at shameless.
Brittle: brash timbers.
n.
A mass or pile of rubble, refuse, or fragments, as of stone, brush, or ice
brandish
To wave or flourish (a weapon, for example) menacingly.
To display ostentatiously. See synonyms at flourish.
n.
A menacing or defiant wave or flourish.
menace
A possible danger; a threat: the menace of nuclear war.
The act of threatening.
A troublesome or annoying person: a toddler who was a menace in a shop full of crystal.
brace
support
boycott
To abstain from or act together in abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with as an expression of protest or disfavor or as a means of coercion. See synonyms at blackball.
bowl over
To overwhelm with surprise, wonder, or bewilderment
boulder
huge rock
boon
blessing;
help
boom
prosper;
thrive
monotony
单调, 无味, 干燥
tedium
厌烦, 沉闷
bombast
Grandiloquent, pompous speech or writing
grandiloquence
Pretentious, pompous speech or writing
fustian
Pretentious, pompous speech or writing
magniloquent
grandiloquent
bolster
n.
A long narrow pillow or cushion
v.
to support
boisterous
Rough and stormy; violent.
Loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline. See synonyms at vociferous.
bogus
false
boastful
自夸的, 喜夸耀的, 自负的
bluster
v.intr.
To blow in loud, violent gusts, as the wind during a storm.

To speak in a loudly arrogant or bullying manner.
To brag or make loud, empty threats.
v.tr.
To force or bully with swaggering threats.

n.
v. intr. - 咆哮, 恐嚇
v. tr. - 風狂吹, 洶湧, 咆哮
n. - 怒號, 嚇唬

A violent, gusty wind.
Turbulence or noisy confusion.
Loud, arrogant speech, often full of empty threats.
blurt
冲口说出, 不经意说出

idioms:

blurt out 冲口而出, 脱口而出
blunder
To move clumsily or blindly.
To make a usually serious mistake
做错;
笨拙地说出
bluff
mislead;
deceive
blot out
obliterate;
wipe out;
obscure
blizzard
snowstorm
blithe (blīTH, blīth)
欢乐的, 无忧无虑的, 快活的, 漫不经心的
bliss
Extreme happiness; ecstasy.
The ecstasy of salvation; spiritual joy
blemish
污点, 瑕疵, 缺点, 弄脏, 损害, 玷污
To mar or impair by a flaw
bleak
荒凉的, 寒冷刺骨的
blaze
flare up
blatant
Unpleasantly loud and noisy
Totally or offensively conspicuous or obtrusive: a blatant lie
gale
A very strong wind;
blast;
gust
blandish
coax;
flatter
bland
gentle;
mild
blackball
To prevent or forbid authoritatively;
boycott
racketeer
谋取不义之财的人, 敲诈勒索者, 诈骗者
blackmail;
extort
bivouac
A temporary encampment often in an unsheltered area;
encamp
bigot
a prejudiced person who is intolerant of any opinions differing from his own
bicker
To argue back and forth over something unimportant.

Don't bicker over who gets to sit in the front seat!
bibulous
Given to or marked by the consumption of alcoholic drink: a bibulous fellow; a bibulous evening.
Very absorbent, as paper or soil.
muddle
v. tr. - 混合, 使咬字不清晰, 使微醉
v. intr. - 胡亂對付
n. - 困惑, 混濁狀態

idioms:

muddle along 得過且過, 混日子
muddle through 敷衍過去, 敷衍了事
bewilder
To confuse or befuddle, especially with numerous conflicting situations, objects, or statements. See synonyms at puzzle.
To cause to lose one's bearings; disorient: The twists and turns in the cave soon bewildered us.
fuddle
muddle;
addle;
befuddle
discombobulate
(dĭs'kəm-bŏb'yə-lāt')
confuse
betoken
indicate
bestow
给予, 安放
stow
fill by packing tightly;
load
bespeak
indicate;
foretell;
portend
besiege
beset;
assail
beseech
appeal;
beg
berserk
crazy;
mad
bereave
deprive;
rob
berate
chide;
rebuke
bequest
endowment;
legacy
bequeath
hand down;
will
bent for
like;
be fond of
benign
kind;
clement
benevolent
kind
benefactor
savior;
patron
benediction
blessing;
boon
bellow
roar;
shout
belligerent
warring;
aggresive;
hostile
belie
disguile;
cloak
beleaguer
besiege;
beset
belch
burp
beguile
deceive;
trick
begrudge
grudge;
envy
beget
produce;
cause
beg off
apologize for
befuddle
addle;
muddle;
fuddle;
perplex
befoul
foul;
soil;
sully;
dirty
beef up
reinforce;
strengthen
bedeck
adorn;
decorate;
To adorn or ornament in a showy fashion
beckon
向...示意, 吸引, 召唤, 引诱, 示意, 点头, 手势

The Darkness Beckons
gesticulate
Because silence was demanded at the concert, they had to gesticulate to each other across the aisle to be able to communicate
bawl
To cry or sob loudly; wail.
To cry out loudly and vehemently; shout

Everyone heard him "bawl" (loud outcry) at the "ball" (formal party with dancing) when his partner stepped on his toe

Many chairs were broken when a brawl broke out in the saloon.
batter
baste;
beat;
pound;
thrash
baste
beat;
cane;
thrash
bask
sunbathe;
soak up warmth
barter
exchange
barbarian
brute;
savage
banter
friendly tease
banish
evict;
exile;
deport
bane
woe;
curse
banal
Drearily commonplace and often predictable; trite
balmy
soothing;
fragrant
bale
sorrow;
sadness
balk
hinder;
restrain
baffle
bewilder;
puzzle
badger
annoy;
vex
babel
noise
babble
chatter;
gibber
avert
avoid;
prevent
aversion
antipathy;
dislike
avid
desirous
avow
declare
awry
uneven;
crooked
azure
cerulean;
clear blue