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63 Cards in this Set

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5
5
4x20 days
5x20 days
400
8000
Tonalpohualli
260 day calendar

20 sets of 13 days

Symbols and numbers represented in the Tonalamatl book
Xiuhuitl
Solar calendar

18 months of 20 days (360 days)

5 extra days (Nemotemi)
Alligator

Day
Wind

Day (Position 2)
House

Day (Position 3)
Lizard

Day (Position 4)
Snake

Day (Position 5)
Death

Day (Position 6)
Deer

Day (Position 7)
Rabbit

Day (Position 8)
Water

Day (Position 9)
Dog

Day (Position 10)
Monkey

Day (Position 11)
Grass

Day (Position 12)
Reed

Day (Position 13)
Jaguar

Day (Position 14)
Eagle

Day (Position 15)
Vulture

Day (Position 16)
Earthquake

Day (Position 17)
Flint

Day (Position 18)
Rain

Day (Position 19)
Flower

Day (Position 20)
House

Year
Rabbit

Year
Reed

Year
Flint

Year
Cemmatl

6 feet
Cemmitl

4.5 feet
Cenyollotli

3 feet
Cenciacatl

2 feet
Cemmolicpiti

1.5 feet
Omitl

1 foot
Tezcatlipoca

God of Rulership

Look for smoking obsidian mirror
Haloc

God of Agricultural Fertility
Mictlantecuhtli

God of Death
-skeletal face
-associated with flint
Huitzilpochtli

God of War
-looks like a bird
Xipe Totec

God of Vegitation
-"The Flayed One"
-digging implement
-extra arms
Tonatiun

God of Sun
-placed in center (most important)
-flint knife
Aztec Rulers
1. Acamapichtli
2. Huitzilihuitl
3. Chimalpopoca
4. Itzcoatl
5. Motecuhzoma I
6. Axayacatl
7. Tizoc
8. Ahuitzotl
9. Motecuhzoma II
10. Cuitlahuac
11. Cuauhtemoc
Altepetl
City
Tlatoani
Ruler
Pipiltin
The Aztec nobility
Acamapichtli
1st Aztec Tlatoani
Huitzihuitl
2nd Aztec Tlatoani
Chimalpopoca
3rd Aztec Tlatoani
Illancueitl
Acamapichtli's adoptive mom/wife
Maxtla
Texcocoan ruler
Triple Alliance (Members)
-Tenochtitlan
-Texcoco
-Tlacopan
Nahuas
All those who spoke Nahuatl
-decendents of the Tolteca-Chichimeca
Multi-crop farming system that minimizes the risk of losing a harvest by cultivating diverse group of plants.
La Milpa
Plant Triad
-Corn
-Beans
-Squash
Tlacolol Agriculture
Slash and burn
Artificially leveled surfaces, usually faced and supported by rock walls built to facilitate farming.
Terraces
Requirement of all males (15 years) and older to provide labor for community service.
Tequio
Raised field agriculture.
Chinampa
Coronation Stone of Moctezuma II
Traits Shared by Mesoamerican Cultures
Subsistence
-Corn
-Beans
-Squash
Agriculture
-Terracing
-Chinampas
Architecture
-Stepped pyramids
Calendars
-Sacred (260 day)
-Solar (365 day)
Technology
-Obsidian
Trade
-Exchanges among elites to establish political ties