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95 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
intervertebral foramina
space between adjacent vertebra through which nerves flow/exit the spinal cord
primary curvatures
thoracic curvature and pelvic curvature

called so because these are in the same direction as those that were present at birth
secondary curvatures
cervical and lumbar curvatures

called so because these are in the opposite direction as those that were present at birth
vertebral foramen
hole through which the spinal cord runs
spinous process
"nose" of the animals
transverse processes
protrusions on the sides of vertebra that extend laterally
vertebral arch
ring around foramen that connects spinous process and body
pedicles
anterior part of vertebral arch, closer to the body
laminae
posterior part of vertebral arch, closer to spinous process
superior articular processes
processes that articulate with vertebrae above them, horns on giraffe
inferior articular processes
parts of vertebrae that articulate with the vertebra below them
cervical vertebrae
SEVEN
transverse foramina
foramen in transverse processes of the cervical vertebrae that vertebral arteries and vertebral veins pass through. (she says nerves)?
costal process
area surrounding the transverse foramina, only in cervical vertebra
bifid spinous process
two "noses" on the animal. spinous process splitting. in C2-C6. cervical vertebra
atlas
C1 most superior vertebrae that articulates with the occipital condyles.
axis
C2 second vertebrae. articulates with the atlas via the odontoid process (dens)
odontoid process
aka dens. located on the atlas. articulates up into the atlas and provides for cranial rotation
vertebral prominens
C7-First vertebrae that you can feel through your skin

Cervical vertebra
thoracic vertebrae
T1-T12
Transverse costal facets
articulates with the tubercles of the ribs

these are on the ends of the transverse processes
demifacets
(aka superior and inferior costal facets) parts of the body that articulate with the heads of the ribs
lumbar vertebra
five

have short flate spinous processes

rhino vertebra
sacrum
3-5 fused vertebra (S1-S5)
auricular surface of the sacrum
articulates with the auricular process of the ilium of the pelvis
sacral promontory
most superior sacral disc that articulates with L5
superior articular process of the sacrum
two horns at the top of the sacrum that articulates with the inferior articular process of the L5
sacral canal
canal through sacrum through which the spinal cord passes
ventral sacral foramina
holes in the sacrum as seen from the front (anterior)
dorsal sacral foramina
holes in the sacrum as seen from the back (posterior)
median sacral crest
ridges dorsal and medial on the sacrum
lateral sacral crest
ridges dorsal and lateral on the sacrum
sacral hiatus
most inferior tip of the sacrum where the end of the sacral canal is
coccyx
Co1-Co4
coccygeal cornua
horns of coccyx on either side
head of ribs
part of ribs that articulates with the demifacets (inferior costal process and superior costal process) on thoracic vertebrae

aka capitulum
tubercle of the ribs
articulates with the transverse costal processes of the thoracic vertebrae

aka the tuberculum
neck of the ribs
shaft between the tubercle of the ribs and the head of the ribs
true ribs
ribs 1-8 that have their own costal cartilage to connect to the sternum
false ribs
ribs 9-12 whose costal cartilage either merges with superior ribs OR dont have costal cartilage at all
median sacral crest
ridges dorsal and medial on the sacrum
lateral sacral crest
ridges dorsal and lateral on the sacrum
sacral hiatus
most inferior tip of the sacrum where the end of the sacral canal is
coccyx
Co1-Co4
coccygeal cornua
horns of coccyx on either side
head of ribs
articulates with the demifacets (inferior costal process and superior costal process) on thoracic vertebrae

aka capitulum
tubercle of the ribs
part of rib that articulates with the transverse costal processes of the thoracic vertebrae

aka the tuberculum
neck of the ribs
shaft between the tubercle of the ribs and the head of the ribs
true ribs
ribs 1-8 that have their own costal cartilage to connect to the sternum
false ribs
ribs 9-12 whose costal cartilage either merges with superior ribs OR dont have costal cartilage at all
floating ribs
ribs 11 and 12 because they do not connect to the sternum at all
costal cartilages
connects ribs to the sternum
sternum
bone that connects to ribs via costal cartilage
manubrium
most superior portion of the sternum
xyphoid process
most inferior portion of the sternum
body of the sternum
middle portion of the sternum
Girdle
something that encompasses the body. Pelvic girdle is a TRUE girdle. Pectoral girdle is an incomplete girdle
clavicle
anterior bone that articulates with the manubrium of the sternum and the scapula

blunt club end art with the manubrium and the flate platelike end art with the scapula at acromion
superior surface of the clavicle
top SMOOTH side
inferior surface of the clavicle
POINTED side of the clavicle
sternal end of the clavicle
medial end of the clavicle that articulates with the manubrium of the sternum

clublike
acromial end of the clavicle
lateral end that is platelike that articulates with the acromion of the scapula
conoid tubercle of the clavicle
inferior protrusion on the acromial end of the clavicle
costal tuberosity of the clavical
roughness of the sternal end of the clavicle
medial border of the scapula
longer side of the scapula

aka vertebral border
lateral border of the scapula
shorter side of the scapula

aka axillary border
scapular spine
process on the BACK, faces posteriorly

serves as a ridge for muscle attachment
acromion
part that sticks up out of top of the scapula that is out by itself
coracoid process
fingerlike projection at the top of the scapula
glenoid cavity
of the scapula

cavity that articulates with the humerus bone
supraglenoid tubercle
ridge around the glenoid cavity that is superior
infraglenoid tubercle
ridge around the glenoid cavity that is inferior
supraspinous fossa
space above the scapular spine
infraspinous fossa
space below the scapular spin
subscapular fossa
anterior side of the scapula
os coxae
bones of the pelvis
acetabulum
space where the head of the femur sits
obturator foramen
hole inferior to acetabulum
true pelvis
lower completely enclosed circle of the pelvis
pelvic brim
line around the true pelvis
pelvic inlet
space inside the pelvic brim that constitutes the true pelvis
false pelvis
superior region of the pevic girlde

false because it is an incomplete girdle
iliac crest
of the ilium

hipbone, most superior portion of the ilium
auricular surface of the ilium
aka the sacroiliac joint

rough surface that articulates with the sacrum
anterior superior iliac spine
top front spine on ilium
anterior inferior iliac spine
bottom front spine on ilium
posterior inferior iliac spine
back bottom spine on ilium
posterior superior iliac spine
top back spine on ilium
greater sciatic notch
ridge where sciatic nerve runs
gluteal line
on lateral surface of ilium where the gluteus muscles attach
lesser sciatic notch
below the greater sciatic notch

part of the ischium
ischial tuberosity
roughness of the most inferior border of os coxae "bony butt"
ischial spine
ridge between greater and lesser sciatic notch
symphysis pubis
fibrocartilage disc between both os coxae.

function is to cushion impact and the allow for expansion in women (birthing)
pubic arch
v crated by the two pubic bones