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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which ribs are the "true ribs"
1 - 7
Which ribs are the "false ribs"
8-9-10
Which ribs are the "floating ribs"
11-12
What are the 2 divisions of the skeleton
Axial and appendicular
Which part of the skeleton includes the skull, vertebral column, thorax
Axial
Which part of the skeleton includes the arms, legs, shoulders, hips
Appendicular
How many bones are in the axial skeleton
80
The cranium is made of flat bones that houses what?
The brain
How many bones are called vertebrae?
26
How many cervical vertebrae are there?
C1 - C7
Which cervical vertebrae supports the skull?
Atlas = C1
Which cervical vertebrae forms a pivot around which the atlas rotates to move the head?
Axis = C2
What are the vertebrae of the chest called?
Thoracic
What are vertebrae of the lower back called?
Lumbar
What the vertebrae in the neck called?
Cervical
How many thoracic bones are there?
12
How many lumbar bones are there?
5
Triangular shaped bone of the vertebral column
Sacrum
Tailbone
Coccyx
What are the 4 parts of each vertebrae
Spinous process
Transverse process
Vertebral foramen
Vertebral body
What are the 3 parts of the sternum
Manubrium
Body
Xiphoid process
How many ribs does a human have?
24
Ribs do not articulate with the sternum but rather with what?
Costal cartilage
The sacrum bone articulates with what 4 bones?
Ilium - R
Ilium - L
Coccyx
L5
What bone forms the forehead and upper portion of each eye socket?
Frontal bone
What is the bone called that is the cental bone of the skull?
Sphenoid
This bone forms part of the sides and base of the cranium
Temporal
This bone forms part of the base of the skull
Occipital
What is the irregular bone that forms most of the upper nasal region?
Ethmoid
This bone forms part fo the sides and top of the cranium
Parietal
Lower jawbone
Mandible
Upper jawbone
Maxilla
Cheek bone
Zygoma
A thin bone that creates a partition between the nasal cavities
Vomer
Single U-shaped bone
Hyoid
3 tiny bones in each middle ear
Ossicles
The small hole in the lower jawbone where the mental nerva and vessels pass through
Mental foramen
Which is the only movable bone in the skull?
Mandible
What do you call the spaces between the ribs
Intercostal spaces
Flat triangular shaped bone of shoulder blades
Scapula
Collar bone
Clavicle
What are the 3 bones in the arm?
Humerus
radius
ulna
What are the 5 long bones in the hand called?
Metacarpals
What are the 4 bones in the leg called?
Femur
patella
tibia
fibular
Are the facial bones flat or irregular
Irregular
What part of the spinal column supports the weight of the body
Lumbar
What links the vertebral column together for flexibility?
Cartilage and ligaments
What does the vertebral column protect
The spinal cord
The spinal cord passes through what part of the vertebrae?
Vertebral foramen
What attaches to the spinous process?
What attaches to the the transverse processes?
Spinous process = ligaments

Transverse processes = muscle
List the 3 parts of the sternum in order from top to bottom?
Manubrium
Body
Xiphoid process
Do men or women have wider hips? Why?
Women need broader hips for child bearing
Where does the humerous articulates with the scapula
Glenoid cavity
Heel bone
Calcaneous
How many phalanges are in the thumb and great toe
2
How many phalanges are there in one hand?
14
Kneecap
Patella
What arm bone is on the thumb side of the arm
Radius
What arm bone is on the little finger side of the arm
Ulna
What is the longest and strongest bone in the body
Femur
What are the small bones of the hand called
Carpals
What are the 5 long bones in the hand called
Metacarpals
What bone in the neck does the muscles of the tongue attach to?
Hyoid
What part of the spinal column supports the weight of the body
Lumbar
What links the vertebral column together for flexibility?
Cartilage and ligaments
What does the vertebral column protect
The spinal cord
The spinal cord passes through what part of the vertebrae?
Vertebral foramen
What attaches to the spinous process?
What attaches to the the transverse processes?
Spinous process = ligaments

Transverse processes = muscle
List the 3 parts of the sternum in order from top to bottom?
Manubrium
Body
Xiphoid process
Do men or women have wider hips? Why?
Women need broader hips for child bearing
Where does the humerous articulates with the scapula
Glenoid cavity
Heel bone
Calcaneous
How many phalanges are in the thumb and great toe
2
How many phalanges are there in one hand?
14
Kneecap
Patella
What arm bone is on the thumb side of the arm
Radius
What arm bone is on the little finger side of the arm
Ulna
What is the longest and strongest bone in the body
Femur