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78 Cards in this Set

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Should it become necessary to handprop an airplane engine, it is extremely important that a competent pilot...
be at the controls in the cockpit
Excessively high engine temperatures, either in the air or on the ground, will...
cause loss of power, excessive oil consumption, and possible permanent internal engine damage.
To properly purge water from the fuel system of an aircraft with fuel tank sumps and a fuel strainer quick drain, it is necessary to drain fuel from the...
fuel strainer drain and the fuel tank sumps
Which intrument will become inoperative if the pitot tube becomes clogged?
Airspeed indicator
How do variations in temperature affect the altimeter?
Pressure levels are raised on warm days and the indicated altitude is lower than true altitude.
What is density altitude?
The pressure altitude corrected for nonstandard temperature
A turn coordinator provides an indication of the...
movement of the aircraft about the yaw and roll axes.
Deviation in a magnetic compass is caused by the...
magnetic fields within the aircraft distorting the lines of magnetic force.
In the Northern hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate initially a turn toward the west if...
a right turn is entered from a north heading.
In the Northern hemisphere, if an aircraft is accelerated or decelerated, the magnetic compass will normally indicate...
correctly when on a north or south heading.
Each .1" change on the altimeter setting equates to about ____ ft.
100
Under which condition will pressure altitude be equal to true altitude?
When standard atmospheric conditions exist
Which factor would tend to increase the density altitude at a given airport?
an increase in ambient temperature
What should the 1st action after starting an aircraft engine?
Adjust for proper RPM and check for desired indications on the engine gauges
A precaution for the operation of an equipped with a constant-speed propeller is to...
avoid high manifold pressure settings with low RPM
Where may an aircraft's operationg limitations be found?
In the current, FAA-approved flight manual, manual material, marking, and placards, or any combination thereof.
Where may an aircraft's operating limitations be found if the aircraft has an Experimental or Special lightspart airworthiness certificate?
Attached to the airworthiness certificate
To minimize the side loads placed on the landing gear during touchdown, the pilot should keep the...
longitudinal axis of aircraft parallel to the direction of its motion.
If the engine oil temperature and cylinder head temperature gauges have exceeded their normal operating range, the pilot may have been operating with...
too much power and the mixture set too lean
On aircraft equipped with fuel pumps, when is the auxiliary electric driven pump used?
In the event engine-driven fuel pump fails.
The basic purpose of adjusting the fuel/air mixture at altitude is to...
decrease the fuel flow in order to compensate for decreased air density.
One purpose of the dual ignition system on an aircraft engine is to provide for...
improved engine performance
The operating principle of float-type carbureators is based on the...
difference in air pressure at the venturi throat and the air inlet.
While cruising at 9,500 ft. MSL, the fuel/air mixture is properly adjusted. What will occur if a descent to 4,500 ft. MSL is made without readjusting the mixture?
The fuel/mixture may become excessively lean.
Which condition is most favorable to the development of carburetor icing?
Temperature between 20 and 70 degrees fahrenheit and high humidity.
If an aircraft is equipped with a fixed-pitch propeller and a float-type carburetor, the 1st indication of carburetor ice would most likely be...
loss of RPM
What change occurs in the fuel/air mixture when carburetor heat is applied?
The fuel/air mixture becomes richer
The presence of carburetor ice in an aircraft equipped with a fixed-pitch propeller can be verified by applying carburetor heat and noting...
a decrease in RPM and then a gradual increase in RPM.
Applying carburetor heat will...
enrich the fuel/air mixture
Generally speaking, the use of carburetor heat tends to...
decrease engine performance
With regard to carburetor ice, float type carburetor systems in comparison to fuel injection systems are generally considered to be...
more susceptible to icing
If the grade of fuel used in an aircraft engine is lower than specified for an engine, it will most likely cause...
detonation
Detonation occurs in a reciprocating engine when...
the unburned charge in the cylinders explodes instead of burning normally
Detonation may occur at high-power settings when...
the fuel mixture ignites instantaneously instead of burning progressively and evenly.
If a pilot suspects that the engine(with a fixed-pitch propeller) is detonating during climb-out after takeoff, the initial corrective action to take would be to...
lower the nose slightly to increase airspeed
The uncontrolled firing of the fuel/air charge in advance of normal spark ignition is known as...
preignition
What type of fuel can be substituted for an aircraft if the recommended octane isn't available?
The next higher octane aviation gas
Filling the fuel tanks after the last flight of the day is considered a good operating procedure because this will...
prevent moisture condensation by eliminating airspace in the tanks
An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by...
the oil level being too low
What action can a pilot take to aid in cooling an engine that is overheating during a climb?
Reduce rate of climb and increase airspeed.
For internal cooling, reciprocating aircraft engines are especially dependent on...
the circulation of lubricating oil
What is 1 procedure to aid in cooling an engine that is overheating?
enrichen the fuel mixture
Which would most likely cause the cylinder head temperature and engine oil temperature gauges to exceed their normal operating ranges?
using fuel that has a lower-than specified fuel rating
How is engine operation controlled on an engine equipped with a constant-speed propeller?
The throttle controls power output as registered ont he manifold pressure gauge and the propeller control regulates engine RPM
What is an advantage of a constant-speed propeller?
Permits the pilot to select the blade angle for the most efficient performance
If the pitot tube and outside static vents become clogged, which instruments would be affected?
The altimeter, airspeed indicator, and vertical speed indicator.
Which instrument will become inop if the pitot tube becoes clogged?
Airspeed
Which instrument will become inop if the static vents become clogged?
Airspeed, altimeter, and vertical speed
Altimeter setting is the value to which the barometric pressure scale of the altimeter is set so the altimeter indicates...
true altitude at field elevation
What is true altitude?
The vertical distance of the aircraft above sea level.
What is absolute altitude?
The vertical distance of the aircraft above the surface
What is density altitude?
The pressure altitude corrected for nonstandard temperature
What is pressure altitude?
The altitude indicated when the barometric pressure scale is set to 29.92
Under which condition is indicated altitude the same as true altitude?
When at sea level under standard conditions
If it is necessary to set the altimeter from 29.15 to 29.85, what change occurs?
700-foot increase in indicated altitude
The pitot system provides impact pressure for which instrument?
Airspeed indicator
As altitude increases, the indicated airspeed at which a given airplane stalls in a particular configuration will...
remain the same regardless of altitude
What does the red line on an airspeed indicator represent?
Never-exceed speed
Deviation in a magnetic compass is caused by the
magnetic fields within the aircraft distorting the lines of magnetic force.
In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate initially a turn west if
a right turn is entered from a north heading
In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate initially a turn toward the east if...
a left turn is entered from a north heading
In the Northern Hemisphere, a magnetic compass will normally indicate a turn toward the north if
an aircraft is accelerated while on an east or west heading
In the Northern Hemisphere, the magnetic compass will normally indicate a turn toward the south when
the aircraft is decelerated while on a west heading.
In the Northern Hemisphere, if an aircraft is accelerated or decelerated, the magnetic compass will normally indicate
correctly when on a north or south heading
During flight when are the indications of a magnetic compass heading?
Only in straight-and-level flight
If the OAT at a given altitude is warmer than standard, the density altitude is
higher than pressure altitude
What are the standard temp and pressure values for sea level?
15 C and 29.92 inches Hg
If a pilot changes the altimeter setting from 30.11 to 29.96, what is the approximate change in indication?
Altimeter will indicate 150 ft lower
Under which condition will pressure altitude be equal to true altitude?
When standard atmospheric conditions exist
Under what condition is pressure altitude and density altitude the same value?
At standard temp
If a flight is made from an area of low pressure into an area of high pressure without the altimeter setting being adjusted, the altimeter will indicate..
lower than the acutal altitude above sea level
If a flight is made from an area of high pressure into an area of lower pressure without the altimeter setting being adjusted, the altimeter will indicate...
higher than the actual altitude above sea level
under what condition will true altitude be lower than indicated altitude?
In colder than standard air temp
Which condition would cause the altimeter to indicate a lower altitude than true altitude?
Air temp warmer than standard
Which factor would tend to increase the density altitude at a given airport?
An increase in ambient temp
The angular difference between true north and magnetice north is
magnetic variation
What should be the indication on the magnetic compass as you roll into a standard rate turn to the right from a south heading in the Northern Hemisphere
The compass will indicate a turn to the right, but a faster rate than is actually occuring
When converting from true course to magnetic heading, a pilot should...
add westerly variation and subtrace left wind correction angle.