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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
gallinacious
heavily bodied birds such as turkeys, pheasants, and chickens
ratites
running birds with flat breastbones and strong muscular legs such as ostrichs and emus
axial skeleton
runs the length of the bird and includes the bones to which the limbs attach
appendicular skeleton
consists of the bones of the limbs.
scleral ossicle
circular bone that forms a ring around each eye
pygostyle
last few vertibrae that form the tail
keel
the raised middle portion of the breastbone to which the breast muscles attach
prehension
grasping and seizing
adducting
drawing the wing in toward the body
syrinx
produces sound in a bird
optic lobes
part of the birds brain concerned with vision
nicitating membrane
a third eyelid
pinnae
external projections of the ear
collumella
bone in a birds ear that converts sound waves to pressure waves
ptilosis
entire feather coat
molted
shed
carrion
rotting meat
pterylae
overlapping tracts of feathers covering skins bare spots
brooding spot
skin thickens and feathers fall out alloweing greater transfer of body heat from teh skin to eggs
contour feathers
responsible for the birds shape
down
soft fluffy feathers that provide warmth
filoplumes
absent in ratites ...hairlike feathers
bristle feathers
modified contour feathers forming eyelashes
auricular feathers
cover ear openings
powder feathers
give off powder, dont molt and grow continuosly
keratin granules
protein that makes up skin
comb
fleshy appendage at the top of the head
wattle
two part appendage that hangs below the mandible
snood
appendage attached to the forehead that hangs down over the beak
caruncle
small fleshy mass present on unfeathered skin like a turkeys head and neck